Public Health

Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Owing to the stigma associated with sexually transmitted infections, patients may prefer to keep their illness private, and choose instead to try self-treatment remedies from the internet. However, such remedies may prove hazardous if the sellers do not provide detailed advice on adverse effects, or on avoiding transmission and re-infection. We conducted an internet search to determine the availability of treatments for STIs and the nature of information provided by vendors of these treatments.

Author(s): 
Vivancos, Roberto
Schelenz, Silke
Loke, Yoon K.
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

Many opinions and ideas about aging exist. Biological theories have taken hold of the popular and scientific imagination as potential answers to a "cure" for aging. However, it is not clear what exactly is being cured or whether aging could be classified as a disease. Some scientists are convinced that aging will be biologically alterable and that the human lifespan will be vastly extendable.

Author(s): 
Marshall, Jennifer
Publication Title: 
Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Supplement

In Western countries data from clinical and epidemiological studies have induced the public health offices to promote a great deal of advertising and informative campaigning for smoking reduction. Cigarette smoking has been clearly linked to the most common causes of death in the elderly and contributes to the higher death rate and disability rate associated with many chronic illnesses that are common in this age group.

Author(s): 
Tafaro, L.
Cicconetti, P.
Tedeschi, G.
Baratta, A.
Ursino, R.
Ettorre, E.
Marigliano, V.
Publication Title: 
The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Author(s): 
Macdonald, I.
Publication Title: 
Progress in Food & Nutrition Science

Since the establishment of a new social order in 1949, China's attempts to feed and nurture its large population has been a topic of serious study in many disciplines. This review focuses on dietary sources of Chinese population and incidence, increase and decline of important diet related health disorders in China during the last four decades.

Author(s): 
Kantha, S. S.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine

For a variety of health, economic and social reasons, many countries are increasingly concerned about diet-related health problems impairing the quality and length of life. This article presents an analysis of the implementation of food and nutrition policies in Finland and Norway which are intended to address both the supply and demand aspects of food and dietary issues. The purpose was to identify policy problems and illustrate ways they have been addressed in order to be useful to other countries involved in developing such policies.

Author(s): 
Milio, N.
Publication Title: 
The Milbank Quarterly

Aging can be slowed in laboratory rodents by low-calorie diets, and changes in single genes can extend mouse life span by 40 percent or more. Therefore, despite its surface complexity and effects on multiple cells and intercellular systems, aging in mammals might also be retarded by both genetic and nongenetic means. If human aging could be slowed pharmacologically to the extent now possible in rodents, the effect on healthy life expectancy would exceed that of abolishing cancer, cardiovascular disease, and adult-onset diabetes.

Author(s): 
Miller, Richard A.
Publication Title: 
Gigiena I Sanitariia

Violation of nutrition laws in healthy and ill persons causes diseases, loss of working capacity, shorter longevity, and early death. The paper presents 4 nutrition laws for healthy and ill persons and discusses the main dietary ways of correcting diseases.

Author(s): 
Dotsenko, V. A.
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Reviews

The Mediterranean Diet has been associated with greater longevity and quality of life in epidemiological studies, the majority being observational. The application of evidence-based medicine to the area of public health nutrition involves the necessity of developing clinical trials and systematic reviews to develop sound recommendations. The purpose of this study was to analyze and review the experimental studies on Mediterranean diet and disease prevention. A systematic review was made and a total of 43 articles corresponding to 35 different experimental studies were selected.

Author(s): 
Serra-Majem, Lluis
Roman, Blanca
Estruch, RamÛn
Publication Title: 
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences

Since the 1930s scientists from fields such as biochemistry, pathology, immunology, genetics, neuroscience, and nutrition have studied the relation of dietary caloric intake to longevity and aging. This paper discusses how Clive Maine McCay, a professor of animal husbandry at Cornell University, began his investigation of the topic and promoted it as a productive research program in the multidisciplinary science of gerontology.

Author(s): 
Park, Hyung Wook

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