Public Policy

Publication Title: 
NIH consensus and state-of-the-science statements

OBJECTIVE: To provide health care providers, patients, and the general public with a responsible assessment of currently available data on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).

Author(s): 
Cunningham, F. Gary
Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.
Brown, Sarah S.
Dean, Thomas Michael
Frederiksen, Marilynn
Rowland Hogue, Carol J.
King, Tekoa
Spencer Lukacz, Emily
McCullough, Laurence B.
Nicholson, Wanda
Petit, Nancy Frances
Probstfield, Jeffrey Lynn
Viguera, Adele C.
Wong, Cynthia A.
Zimmet, Sheila Cohen
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy

Dramatically extending the human lifespan seems increasingly possible. Many bioethicists object that life-extension will have Malthusian consequences as new Methuselahs accumulate, generation by generation. I argue for a Life-Years Response to the Malthusian Objection. If even a minority of each generation chooses life-extension, denying it to them deprives them of many years of extra life, and their total extra life-years are likely to exceed the total life-years of a majority who do not want life-extension.

Author(s): 
Davis, John K.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine

For a variety of health, economic and social reasons, many countries are increasingly concerned about diet-related health problems impairing the quality and length of life. This article presents an analysis of the implementation of food and nutrition policies in Finland and Norway which are intended to address both the supply and demand aspects of food and dietary issues. The purpose was to identify policy problems and illustrate ways they have been addressed in order to be useful to other countries involved in developing such policies.

Author(s): 
Milio, N.
Publication Title: 
JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association

Population projections of the aging global society and its fiscal and social impact have depended on assumptions regarding the human life span. Until now, the assumption that the maximum human life span is fixed has been justified. Recent advances in cell biology, genetics, and our understanding of the cellular processes that underlie aging, however, have shown that this assumption is invalid in a number of animal models and suggest that this assumption may become invalid for humans as well.

Author(s): 
Banks, D. A.
Fossel, M.
Publication Title: 
Science (New York, N.Y.)
Author(s): 
Martin, George M.
LaMarco, Kelly
Strauss, Evelyn
L Kelner, Katrina
Publication Title: 
Gigiena I Sanitariia

Violation of nutrition laws in healthy and ill persons causes diseases, loss of working capacity, shorter longevity, and early death. The paper presents 4 nutrition laws for healthy and ill persons and discusses the main dietary ways of correcting diseases.

Author(s): 
Dotsenko, V. A.
Publication Title: 
Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
Author(s): 
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Publication Title: 
IRB
Author(s): 
Ickovics, Jeannette R.
Epel, Elissa S.
Publication Title: 
PLoS biology
Author(s): 
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Rowley, Janet
Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

Religious discussion of human organs and tissues has concentrated largely on donation for therapeutic purposes. The retrieval and use of human tissue samples in diagnostic, research, and education contexts have, by contrast, received very little direct theological attention. Initially undertaken at the behest of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, this essay seeks to explore the theological and religious questions embedded in nontherapeutic use of human tissue.

Author(s): 
Campbell, Courtney S.

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