Public Sector

Publication Title: 
Reproductive Health Matters

After almost 500 years of Spanish colonial rule, Canon law and laws of Spanish origin continue to dominate Philippine family, civil and penal law. Most if not all of these laws place serious limitations on the realisation of women's sexual and reproductive rights. Since 2002, the current president, Gloria Mocapagal Arroyo, has increasingly substituted church dogma for state policy, i.e.

Author(s): 
Ruiz Austria, Carolina S.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants in three districts.

Author(s): 
Vian, Taryn
Gryboski, Kristina
Grybosk, Kristina
Sinoimeri, Zamira
Hall, Rachel
Publication Title: 
Health Services Research

OBJECTIVE: To understand the effects of Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) income eligibility thresholds and premium contribution requirements on health insurance coverage outcomes among children. DATA SOURCES: 2002-2009 Annual Social and Economic Supplements of the Current Population Survey linked to data from multiple secondary data sources. STUDY DESIGN: We use a selection correction model to simultaneously estimate program eligibility and coverage outcomes conditional upon eligibility.

Author(s): 
Gresenz, Carole Roan
Edgington, Sarah E.
Laugesen, Miriam J.
Escarce, JosÈ J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dental Education

If it is not a naÔve expectation for dentists who have been beneficiaries of public generosity to share their good fortune with the public that made it possible, there may be a rational basis for enhancing the role of dental education in improving access to oral health care by promoting-but not requiring-a voluntary service commitment after graduation commensurate with the magnitude of the subsidy received.

Author(s): 
Bertolami, Charles N.
Berne, Robert
Publication Title: 
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne

BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord blood is used as a source of hematopoietic stem cells for bone marrow transplantation in the treatment of malignant and nonmalignant disease. We sought to examine pregnant women's knowledge and attitudes regarding cord blood banking, as their support is crucial to the success of cord blood transplant programs. METHODS: A questionnaire examining sociodemographic factors and women's attitudes to cord blood banking was developed on the basis of findings from 2 focus groups and a pilot study.

Author(s): 
Fernandez, Conrad V.
Gordon, Kevin
Van den Hof, Michiel
Taweel, Shaureen
Baylis, FranÁoise
Publication Title: 
World Hospitals and Health Services: The Official Journal of the International Hospital Federation

Medical education stands at the doorstep of profound change, forced to step into an uncertain and potentially hostile new environment. These changes have nothing to do with scholar self-reflection, but rather are a direct consequence of the process of globalization visible also in medical education and the revolution in health care financing for which we use the general term "managed care". On one hand, globalization has penetrated different areas of our life, among others including science, public health and medicine which is a global profession.

Author(s): 
Wojtczak, Andrzej
Publication Title: 
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

PURPOSE: Umbilical cord blood (UCB) stored in public inventories has become an alternative stem cell source for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. The potential use of autologous UCB from private banks is a matter of debate. In the face of the limited resources of public inventories, a discussion on "hybrid" public and private UCB banking has evolved. We aimed to explore the attitudes of the donating parents toward public and private UCB banking.

Author(s): 
Manegold, Gwendolin
Meyer-Monard, Sandrine
Tichelli, AndrÈ
Granado, Christina
Hˆsli, Irene
Troeger, Carolyn
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease: The Official Journal of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

SETTING: Since 2005, private pharmacies linked to the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) and the Municipal Health Department in Phnom Penh have referred tuberculosis (TB) symptomatic patients to public sector TB clinics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the attitudes and practices of pharmacy-initiated referral service providers in Phnom Penh from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: In a qualitative study, participants were purposively selected from the register of pharmacy owners providing referral services. Discussions were conducted in Khmer by trained facilitators.

Author(s): 
Bell, C. A.
Eang, M. T.
Dareth, M.
Rothmony, E.
Duncan, G. J.
Saini, B.
Publication Title: 
Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate treatment-seeking behaviour, financial impact and time lost due to malaria events, in southern Mozambique and eastern South Africa. METHODS: In-depth household surveys (828 in Mozambique and 827 in South Africa) were analysed. An asset index was calculated using principal component analysis to allow comparison across socio-economic groups. Direct costs of seeking care and the time lost due to malaria were determined.

Author(s): 
Castillo-Riquelme, Marianela
McIntyre, Diane
Barnes, Karen
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

At a recent meeting (Sept 18, 2009) in which reasons for the limited access to artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in sub-Saharan Africa were discussed, policy and market surveys on anti-malarial drug availability and accessibility in Burundi and Sierra Leone were presented in a highly interactive brainstorming session among key stakeholders across private, public, and not-for-profit sectors. The surveys, the conduct of which directly involved the national malaria control programme managers of the two countries, provides the groundwork for evidence-based policy implementation.

Author(s): 
Diap, Graciela
Amuasi, John
Boakye, Isaac
Sevcsik, Ann-Marie
Pecoul, Bernard

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