Publication Bias

Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Yoga is thought to be effective for health conditions. The article aims to assess the current clinical evidence of yoga for Essential hypertension (EH). STRATEGY: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in the Cochrane Library were searched until June, 2013. We included randomized clinical trials testing yoga against conventional therapy, yoga versus no treatment, yoga combined with conventional therapy versus conventional therapy or conventional therapy combined with breath awareness.

Author(s): 
Wang, Jie
Xiong, Xingjiang
Liu, Wei
Publication Title: 
Child: Care, Health and Development

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the evidence for the effectiveness of exercise interventions on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-related symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, anxiety and cognitive functions in children and adolescents. METHOD: Five databases covering the period up to November 2014 (PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, EBSCO [E-journal, CINAHL, SportDiscus] and The Cochrane Library) were searched. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane tool of bias.

Author(s): 
Cerrillo-Urbina, A. J.
García-Hermoso, A.
Sánchez-López, M.
Pardo-Guijarro, M. J.
Santos Gómez, J. L.
Martínez-Vizcaíno, V.
Publication Title: 
Pain

Acceptance-based interventions such as mindfulness-based stress reduction program and acceptance and commitment therapy are alternative therapies for cognitive behavioral therapy for treating chronic pain patients. To assess the effects of acceptance-based interventions on patients with chronic pain, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled and noncontrolled studies reporting effects on mental and physical health of pain patients. All studies were rated for quality. Primary outcome measures were pain intensity and depression.

Author(s): 
Veehof, Martine M.
Oskam, Maarten-Jan
Schreurs, Karlein M. G.
Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: A large proportion of mindfulness-based therapy trials report statistically significant results, even in the context of very low statistical power. The objective of the present study was to characterize the reporting of "positive" results in randomized controlled trials of mindfulness-based therapy. We also assessed mindfulness-based therapy trial registrations for indications of possible reporting bias and reviewed recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses to determine whether reporting biases were identified.

Author(s): 
Coronado-Montoya, Stephanie
Levis, Alexander W.
Kwakkenbos, Linda
Steele, Russell J.
Turner, Erick H.
Thombs, Brett D.
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Perinatal mental health difficulties are associated with adverse consequences for parents and infants. However, the potential risks associated with the use of psychotropic medication for pregnant and breastfeeding women and the preferences expressed by women for non-pharmacological interventions mean it is important to ensure that effective psychological interventions are available.

Author(s): 
Lever Taylor, Billie
Cavanagh, Kate
Strauss, Clara
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)

BACKGROUND: Homeopathy seems scientifically implausible, but has widespread use. We aimed to assess whether the clinical effect reported in randomised controlled trials of homeopathic remedies is equivalent to that reported for placebo. METHODS: We sought studies from computerised bibliographies and contracts with researchers, institutions, manufacturers, individual collectors, homeopathic conference proceedings, and books. We included all languages. Double-blind and/or randomised placebo-controlled trials of clinical conditions were considered.

Author(s): 
Linde, K.
Clausius, N.
Ramirez, G.
Melchart, D.
Eitel, F.
Hedges, L. V.
Jonas, W. B.
Publication Title: 
Revista Do Hospital Das Clinicas

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the recent scientific research progress on homeopathy. METHODOLOGY: Homeopathy was evaluated in terms of its clinical research; in vitro research, and physical foundations. The Medline database was the main reference source for the present research, concerning data of approximately the last 10 years. Secondary references (not available in this database) were obtained by means of direct requests to authors listed in the primary references. RESULTS: Clinical studies and in vitro research indicate the inefficacy of homeopathy.

Author(s): 
Almeida, Renan Moritz V. Rodrigues
Publication Title: 
Controlled Clinical Trials

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical trials originating in certain countries always have positive results. DATA SOURCES: Abstracts of trials from Medline (January 1966-June 1995). STUDY SELECTION: Two separate studies were conducted. The first included trials in which the clinical outcome of a group of subjects receiving acupuncture was compared to that of a group receiving placebo, no treatment, or a nonacupuncture intervention.

Author(s): 
Vickers, A.
Goyal, N.
Harland, R.
Rees, R.
Publication Title: 
Prescrire International

(1) Acupuncture has been assessed in hundreds of published comparative trials involving thousands of patients in a variety of situations. (2) Most of these trials are handicapped by their poor methodological quality. (3) Systematic reviews have found evidence of specific benefit in the treatment of nausea and vomiting, both postoperatively and during pregnancy. Unfortunately, the practical implications of these results are limited, notably because various methods were used to stimulate the relevant acupuncture points (needle insertion, finger pressure, electrical stimulation).

Publication Title: 
Stroke

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acupuncture may be a promising treatment for poststroke paralysis. We conducted a meta-analysis, assessing the efficacy of acupuncture with and without stroke rehabilitation. METHODS: We identified randomized trials comparing acupuncture with no acupuncture within 6 months of stroke by searching MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Chinese medical literature databases. Two reviewers independently extracted data on study characteristics, patient characteristics, and impairment and disability outcomes.

Author(s): 
Sze, Frank Kai-hoi
Wong, Eric
Or, Kevin K. H.
Lau, Joseph
Woo, Jean

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