Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive

Publication Title: 
Medical Hypotheses

A number of predisposing factors are recognised as increasing the risk of developing chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD). There is increasing recognition that COPD may be an inflammatory disease with systemic consequences. However, the trigger for the transition from 'at risk' (stage 0) to COPD state remains unclear. The current approach to intervention for the 'at risk' group is risk factor avoidance.

Author(s): 
Engel, Roger M.
Vemulpad, Subramanyam
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this case series is to report the results of spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who were older than 65 years. METHODS: The study design was a prospective case series. Six patients of a long-term care center who were older than 65 years and having COPD underwent a course of 12 SMT sessions over a 4-week period. Each SMT session consisted of manually applied spinal manipulation and instrument-assisted spinal manipulation delivered by a doctor of chiropractic.

Author(s): 
Dougherty, Paul E.
Engel, Roger M.
Vemulpad, Subramanyam
Burke, Jeanmarie
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The premise that lung function can regulate chest wall mobility is an accepted concept. Descriptions of the primary and accessory respiratory structures do not usually include spinal components as a part of these classifications. The case for including these components as a part of the respiratory mechanism and their role in the development of dyspnea and chest wall rigidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is reviewed. Mechanical impairment of the chest wall is a contributing factor in the prognosis of COPD. Reducing this impairment improves prognosis.

Author(s): 
Engel, Roger
Vemulpad, Subramanyam
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between visceral syndrome differentiation in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the changes of nutrition status or blood gas analysis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Sixty patients with COPD in stable phase were divided into dysfunction of lung (DL, n=20) group, dysfunction of lung and spleen (DLS, n=16) group and dysfunction of lung, spleen and kidney (DLSK, n=24) group according to syndrome differentiation of TCM.

Author(s): 
Mao, Bing
Li, Wen
Liang, Wen-qiong
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Tanreqing injection, a traditional Chinese herbal preparation for clearing heat and resolving phlegm, in treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) by improving airway inflammation and airway mucus hypersecretion. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was designed. Ninety AECOPD patients were randomly divided into Tanreqing group, ambroxol hydrochloride group and control group. The patients in the three groups were all treated with conventional therapy.

Author(s): 
Li, Weng
Mao, Bing
Wang, Gang
Wang, Lei
Chang, Jing
Zhang, Ying
Wan, Mei-Hua
Guo, Jia
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) therapy for clearing heat and resolving phlegm on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in acute deterioration stage of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the serum procalcitonin (PCT) level. METHODS: One hundred patients suffering from SIRS in acute deterioration stage of COPD were included and randomly divided into treatment group (50 cases) and control group (50 cases).

Author(s): 
Chen, Ning
Li, Hui
Zhao, Li-Yun
Liu, Jian-Bo
Huang, Qin
Wang, Tong-Han
Hao, Xiao-Mei
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: In China, most patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are usually treated with Tanreqing injection plus conventional Western medicine. However, the value of its use remains uncertain. The objective of this systematic review is to compare the efficacy of Tanreqing injection plus conventional Western medicine with that of conventional Western medicine alone (therapy A versus therapy B, respectively) in the management of acute exacerbations of COPD.

Author(s): 
Zhong, Yunqing
Mao, Bing
Wang, Gang
Fan, Tao
Liu, Xuemei
Diao, Xiang
Fu, Juanjuan
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To develop a patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale for patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (sCOPD) and to study its clinical applicability in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). METHODS: According to standardized procedures, the test version of PRO scale for sCOPD (sCOPD-PRO scale) was developed based on the theory of "unity of body and spirit" and was used to test 324 patients selected from six clinical centers.

Author(s): 
Zhu, Yan-bo
Li, You-lin
Wang, Wei
Jiang, Fang-chao
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue = Chinese Critical Care Medicine = Zhongguo Weizhongbing Jijiuyixue

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the common syndromes, clinical symptoms and characteristics of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at acute exacerbation stage (AECOPD). METHODS: Delphi method was used to organize the AECOPD expert questionnaire. This questionnaire was distributed to 30 selected experts of respiratory diseases. The resulting data were statistically analyzed by Chi-square test and statistical description such as mean, coefficient of variation and ratio of full marks.

Author(s): 
Wang, Zhi-wan
Li, Jian-sheng
Yu, Xue-qing
Li, Su-yun
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious disease constituting a major threat to public health. Current popularity of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating COPD implies its potential advantage in improving symptoms, reducing the frequency of acute exacerbation and improving the patients' quality of life. This study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a comprehensive intervention, Bufei Yishen Granule combined with acupoint-sticking therapy, in patients with stable COPD.

Author(s): 
Li, Jian-sheng
Li, Su-yun
Yu, Xue-qing
Xie, Yang

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