Pulmonary Ventilation

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for asthma. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from their inception to October 2010. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and non-randomized clinical trials (NRCTs) were considered, if they investigated any type of yoga in patients with asthma. The selection of studies, data extraction, and validation were performed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Six RCTs and one NRCT met the inclusion criteria. Their methodological quality was mostly poor.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Emergency Medicine

The purpose of this study was to compare the Oxylator EM-100, a ventilator with a fixed flow and working pressure of 25 to 50 cm H(2)O, with a bag-valve device with respect to safety, efficiency, and efficacy when used by professionals. We conducted a prospective, controlled, caregiver-blind single center study. Induction was followed by ventilation with a bag-valve device oxylator in manual and automatic modes. Steps were repeated under hypnosis, after muscle relaxation with mask, and with an endotracheal tube. Forty patients, aged 48.8 +/- 13.5 years weighing 50 to 111 kg were studied.

Author(s): 
Noordergraaf, Gerrit J.
Van Dun, Peter J.
Schors, Marcel P.
De Jong, Wim
Noordergraaf, Abraham
Publication Title: 
Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology

Recent clinical studies have emphasized the up-regulation (sensitization) of cough in pathological conditions of the airways. However there are also many situations where voluntary and reflex cough can be down-regulated.

Author(s): 
Widdicombe, John
Singh, Vijay
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Eye Closure, Eye Movements (ECEM) is a hypnotically-based approach to treatment that incorporates eye movements adapted from the Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) protocol in conjunction with hypnosis for the treatment of depersonalization disorder. Depersonalization Disorder has been differentiated from post-traumatic stress disorders and has recently been conceptualized as a subtype of panic disorder (Baker et al., 2003; David, Phillips, Medford, & Sierra, 2004; Segui et. al., 2000).

Author(s): 
Harriet, E. Hollander
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India

Air flowing through a pipe exerts frictional stress on the walls of the pipe. Frictional stress of more than 40 N/m2 (velocity equivalent of air 113 m/s) is known to cause acute endothelial damage in blood vessels. The frictional stress in airways during coughing may be much greater, however, since the velocity of air may be as high as speed of sound in air. We suggest that high levels of frictional stress perpetuate airway inflammation in airways which are already inflamed and vulnerable to frictional stress-induced trauma in patients with asthma.

Author(s): 
Singh, V.
Chowdhary, R.
Chowdhary, N.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

Surya Namaskar (SN), a group of Yogic exercise consists of a set of twelve postures which is practiced by some of the yoga practitioners. The present study was undertaken to observe critically the energy cost and different cardiorespiratory changes during the practice of SN. Twenty-one male volunteers from the Indian Army practiced selected Yogic exercises for six days in a week for three months duration. The Yogic practice schedule consisted of Hatha Yogic Asanas (28 min), Pranayama (10.5 min) and Meditation (5 min).

Author(s): 
Sinha, B.
Ray, U. S.
Pathak, A.
Selvamurthy, W.
Publication Title: 
Nepal Medical College journal: NMCJ

Pranayama (breathing exercise), one of the yogic techniques can produce different physiological responses in healthy individuals. The responses of Alternate Nostril Breathing (ANB) the Nadisudhi Pranayama on some cardio-respiratory functions were investigated in healthy young adults. The subjects performed ANB exercise (15 minutes everyday in the morning) for four weeks. Cardio-respiratory parameters were recorded before and after 4-weeks training period. A significant increment in Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR L/min) and Pulse pressure (PP) was noted.

Author(s): 
Upadhyay Dhungel, K.
Malhotra, V.
Sarkar, D.
Prajapati, R.
Publication Title: 
The Indian Journal of Medical Research

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Regular practice of slow breathing has been shown to improve cardiovascular and respiratory functions and to decrease the effects of stress. This pilot study was planned to evaluate the short term effects of pranayama on cardiovascular functions, pulmonary functions and galvanic skin resistance (GSR) which mirrors sympathetic tone, and to evaluate the changes that appear within a short span of one week following slow breathing techniques.

Author(s): 
Turankar, A. V.
Jain, S.
Patel, S. B.
Sinha, S. R.
Joshi, A. D.
Vallish, B. N.
Mane, P. R.
Turankar, S. A.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

A study was undertaken to observe any beneficial effect of yogic practices during training period on the young trainees. 54 trainees of 20-25 years age group were divided randomly in two groups i.e. yoga and control group. Yoga group (23 males and 5 females) was administered yogic practices for the first five months of the course while control group (21 males and 5 females) did not perform yogic exercises during this period. From the 6th to 10th month of training both the groups performed the yogic practices.

Author(s): 
Ray, U. S.
Mukhopadhyaya, S.
Purkayastha, S. S.
Asnani, V.
Tomer, O. S.
Prashad, R.
Thakur, L.
Selvamurthy, W.
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology

A study was undertaken to observe any beneficial effect of yogic practices during training period on the young trainees. 54 trainees of 20-25 years age group were divided randomly in two groups i.e. yoga and control group. Yoga group (23 males and 5 females) was administered yogic practices for the first five months of the course while control group (21 males and 5 females) did not perform yogic exercises during this period. From the 6th to 10th month of training both the groups performed the yogic practices.

Author(s): 
Ray, U. S.
Mukhopadhyaya, S.
Purkayastha, S. S.
Asnani, V.
Tomer, O. S.
Prashad, R.
Thakur, L.
Selvamurthy, W.

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