Pyroglyphidae

Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is linked to the development of asthma. Anti-malarial drug artesunate is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin, the principal active component of a medicinal plant Artemisia annua, and has been shown to inhibit PI3K/Akt activity. We hypothesized that artesunate may attenuate allergic asthma via inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Female BALB/c mice sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA) developed airway inflammation.

Author(s): 
Cheng, Chang
Ho, W. Eugene
Goh, Fera Y.
Guan, Shou Ping
Kong, Li Ren
Lai, Wen-Qi
Leung, Bernard P.
Wong, W. S. Fred
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

Clinical reports indicate that patients with allergy/asthma commonly have associated symptoms of anxiety/depression. Anxiety/depression can be reduced by 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) supplementation. However, it is not known whether 5-HTP reduces allergic inflammation. Therefore, we determined whether 5-HTP supplementation reduces allergic inflammation. We also determined whether 5-HTP decreases passage of leukocytes through the endothelial barrier by regulating endothelial cell function.

Author(s): 
Abdala-Valencia, Hiam
Berdnikovs, Sergejs
McCary, Christine A.
Urick, Daniela
Mahadevia, Riti
Marchese, Michelle E.
Swartz, Kelsey
Wright, Lakiea
Mutlu, Gökhan M.
Cook-Mills, Joan M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Innate Immunity

Elevated inflammation and altered immune responses are features found in atopic asthmatic airways. Recent studies indicate γ-tocopherol (GT) supplementation can suppress airway inflammation in allergic asthma. We studied the effects of in vitro GT supplementation on receptor-mediated phagocytosis and expression of cell surface molecules associated with innate and adaptive immunity on sputum-derived macrophages. Cells from nonsmoking healthy (n = 6) and mild house dust mite-sensitive allergic asthmatics (n = 6) were treated ex vivo with GT (300 µM) or saline (control).

Author(s): 
Geiser, Marianne
Lay, John C.
Bennett, William D.
Zhou, Haibo
Wang, Xiaoyan
Peden, David B.
Alexis, Neil E.
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