Questionnaires

Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

Definitions of psychological abuse are reviewed and a new definition proposed, operationalized as an extension of an existing measure of childhood, the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA). This semistructured, investigator-based interview is designed for use with adults to collect retrospective accounts of childhood adverse experience. The CECA extension identifies nine subtypes of psychological abuse, with a single global severity rating.

Author(s): 
Moran, Patricia M.
Bifulco, Antonia
Ball, Caroline
Jacobs, Catherine
Benaim, Kate
Publication Title: 
Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic

A new retrospective interview assessment of childhood psychological abuse, an extension to the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) instrument, is described in a companion article (Moran, Bifulco, Ball, Jacobs, & Benaim, 2002). The purpose of the present article is to examine the relationship of childhood psychological abuse to other adverse childhood experiences and to major depression and suicidal behavior in adult life. Childhood experience and lifetime disorder were assessed retrospectively in a high-risk, community series of London women (n = 204).

Author(s): 
Bifulco, Antonia
Moran, Patricia M.
Baines, Rebecca
Bunn, Amanda
Stanford, Katherine
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: The compression of morbidity hypothesis predicts that, in order to achieve their extreme old age, centenarians markedly delay or even escape diseases that would otherwise be lethal at younger ages. Phenotypic studies have not adequately characterized the prevalence and timing of age-related illnesses among those who achieve exceptional old age. Thus, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of centenarians to explore the timing of such diseases among centenarians. METHODS: Health history questionnaires were completed by 424 centenarians (aged 97-119 years) or their proxies.

Author(s): 
Evert, Jessica
Lawler, Elizabeth
Bogan, Hazel
Perls, Thomas
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are sometimes said to be representative of lifelong healthy aging. Whether they are, in fact, examples of healthy aging remains a subject of debate. The existence of heterogeneity in functional status has been reported repeatedly in previous studies of centenarians. However, there is as yet no standardized classification system with which to describe their functional phenotype. METHODS: As part of a dynamic cohort study, we studied 304 centenarians (65 men and 239 women) living in Tokyo.

Author(s): 
Gondo, Yasuyuki
Hirose, Nobuyoshi
Arai, Yasumichi
Inagaki, Hiroki
Masui, Yukie
Yamamura, Ken
Shimizu, Ken-ichirou
Takayama, Michiyo
Ebihara, Yoshinori
Nakazawa, Susumu
Kitagawa, Koji
Publication Title: 
Archives of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Prospective data on nongenetic determinants of exceptional longevity are limited, and information on long-lived men and their functional status is particularly sparse. We examined modifiable factors associated with a life span of 90 or more years and late-life function in men. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study of 2357 healthy men (mean age, 72 years) within the Physicians' Health Study (1981-2006), biological and lifestyle factors and comorbid conditions were assessed by self-report with baseline and annual questionnaires.

Author(s): 
Yates, Laurel B.
DjoussÈ, Luc
Kurth, Tobias
Buring, Julie E.
Gaziano, J. Michael
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the characteristics of the oldest old in China and examined whether the factors associated with longevity varied with advanced age. METHODS: Drawing from the largest nationally representative longitudinal sample of oldest-old adults, we stratified descriptive statistics separately by gender and urban-rural residence and then used ordered logit models to examine the multivariate factors associated with increasing age-group membership.

Author(s): 
Dupre, Matthew E.
Liu, Guangya
Gu, Danan
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

This qualitative study provides a comprehensive account of the social and life experiences and strategies and personality attributes that characterize exceptional longevity (living to 100 or over). It is based on nine semi-structured interviews of relatively healthy and functional Greek centenarians of both sexes. The analytic approach was thematic and based on grounded theory. We found that our participants were characterized by selectiveness in their socializing with other people and tendency to avoid conflicts.

Author(s): 
Darviri, Christina
Demakakos, Panayotes
Tigani, Xanthi
Charizani, Fotini
Tsiou, Chrysoula
Tsagkari, Christina
Chliaoutakis, Joannes
Monos, Dimitrios
Publication Title: 
BMC geriatrics

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are exceptional ageing paradigms, offering valuable information on achieving longevity. Although, there are several studies examining different biomedical factors as determinants of longevity in centenarians, little is known about gender differences with respect to personality traits and health locus of control. METHODS: Nation -wide study carried out in Greece, between 2007 and 2010. Our final sample of analysis consisted of 400 centenarians who reported on sociodemographic, disease-related and personality factors and health locus of control (HLC).

Author(s): 
Tigani, Xanthi
Artemiadis, Artemios K.
Alexopoulos, Evangelos C.
Chrousos, George P.
Darviri, Christina
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Aging & Human Development

The primary objective of the Iowa Centenarian Study is to further our understanding of determinants of exceptional longevity above and beyond health outcomes, particularly in rural environments. This introductory article provides a general overview of the study, its methodology and basic descriptive results. One hundred and fifty-two centenarians from a rural state participated in the study (average age was 101.6 years).

Author(s): 
Martin, Peter
Deshpande-Kamat, Neha
Margrett, Jennifer A.
Franke, Warren
Garasky, Steven
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

?-adrenoceptors are the common pharmacological targets for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and asthma. Genetic modifications of ?-adrenergic system in engineered mice affect their lifespan. Here, we tested whether genes encoding for key components of the ?-adrenergic signaling pathway are associated with human longevity. We performed a 10-year follow-up study of the Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey. The Han Chinese population in this study consisted of 963 long-lived and 1028 geography-matched young individuals.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Ling
Yang, Fan
Xu, Ke
Cao, Huiqing
Zheng, Gu-Yan
Zhang, Yan
Li, Jianxin
Cui, Hanbin
Chen, Xiaomin
Zhu, Zhiming
He, Hongbo
Mo, Xianming
Kennedy, Brian K.
Suh, Yousin
Zeng, Yi
Tian, Xiao-Li

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