Radiotherapy

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the profile, evaluation criteria and fatigue treatment. BACKGROUND: Fatigue, characterised by tiredness, weakness or lack of energy, involves physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. Its aetiology is not well defined and the prevalence ranges from 30-70% in women with breast cancer, reaching up to 80% when they are undergoing radiotherapy. This is one of the most frequent side effects of radiotherapy, and it may interfere with self-esteem, social activities and quality of life. DESIGN: Literature systematic review.

Author(s): 
Alcântara-Silva, Tereza Raquel de M.
Freitas-Junior, Ruffo
Freitas, Nilceana M. A.
Machado, Graziela D. P.
Publication Title: 
Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology

PURPOSE: Determining the appropriate rate of radiotherapy (RT) utilization is important for health care planning and resource allocation. The difference between the observed and the appropriate RT rate is influenced by the choice of a criterion based benchmarking (CBB) or evidence-based estimates (EBEST) measure.

Author(s): 
Shack, Lorraine
Lu, Shuang
Weeks, Lee-Anne
Craighead, Peter
Kerba, Marc
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the profile, evaluation criteria and fatigue treatment. BACKGROUND: Fatigue, characterised by tiredness, weakness or lack of energy, involves physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. Its aetiology is not well defined and the prevalence ranges from 30-70% in women with breast cancer, reaching up to 80% when they are undergoing radiotherapy. This is one of the most frequent side effects of radiotherapy, and it may interfere with self-esteem, social activities and quality of life. DESIGN: Literature systematic review.

Author(s): 
Alcântara-Silva, Tereza Raquel de M.
Freitas-Junior, Ruffo
Freitas, Nilceana M. A.
Machado, Graziela D. P.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Clinical hypnosis in cancer settings provides symptom reduction (pain and anxiety) and empowers patients to take an active role in their treatments and procedures. The goal of this paper is to systematically and critically review evidence on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy for emesis, analgesia, and anxiolysis in acute pain, specifically in procedures with an emphasis on the period from 1999 to 2006. Further, it aims to provide a theoretical rationale for the use of hypnosis with cancer populations in the whole spectrum of illness/treatment trajectory in several clinical contexts.

Author(s): 
Néron, Sylvain
Stephenson, Randolph
Publication Title: 
Integrative Cancer Therapies

INTRODUCTION: Many breast cancer patients and survivors experience pain and emotional stress related to their disease, its diagnostic procedures, or treatment. Hypnosis has long been used for the treatment of such symptoms. The aim of this review was to systematically assess the effectiveness of hypnosis in women with breast cancer, breast cancer survivors, and in women undergoing diagnostic breast biopsy.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Paul, Anna
Langhorst, Jost
Kümmel, Sherko
Dobos, Gustav J.
Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To critically evaluate the currently available randomized clinical trials regarding the effectiveness of acupuncture in palliative care for cancer patients, hence, to provide sufficient evidences for the widespread use of acupuncture in cancer treatment. METHODS: Two independent reviewers extracted data from all of the randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy of acupuncture in palliative care for cancer patients. Seven databases were searched from their respective inception to December 2010.

Author(s): 
Lian, Wei-Ling
Pan, Min-qi
Zhou, Dai-han
Zhang, Zhang-Jin
Publication Title: 
Oral Oncology

INTRODUCTION: Salivary gland hypofunction is a common and permanent adverse effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck. Randomised trials of available treatment modalities have produced unclear results and offer little reliable guidance for clinicians to inform evidence-based therapy. We have undertaken this systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the effectiveness of available interventions for radiotherapy-induced xerostomia and hyposalivation.

Author(s): 
Mercadante, Valeria
Al Hamad, Arwa
Lodi, Giovanni
Porter, Stephen
Fedele, Stefano
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Studies

BACKGROUND: As demand for nurses and other health professionals continues to outstrip supply it is important to understand what motivates individuals to join a non-medical health profession. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate students' reasons for choosing a particular nursing specialism, midwifery or other non-medical health profession, and to compare motivation factors across professions, gender, age, level of award, prior qualifications, prior experience and over time.

Author(s): 
Miers, Margaret E.
Rickaby, Caroline E.
Pollard, Katherine C.
Publication Title: 
Acta Oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)

Behavioral interventions used to reduce distress and increase cooperation in children undergoing cancer treatment incorporate: contingency management, cognitive/attentional distraction, hypnosis, systematic desensitization, modeling and behavioral rehearsal. In most cases clinical interventions integrate these procedures into a multimodal intervention package. Although in most behavioral interventions the 'therapist' is a nurse, social worker or child psychologist; parents often take an active role in behavioral intervention.

Author(s): 
DuHamel, K. N.
Redd, W. H.
Vickberg, S. M.
Publication Title: 
Surgery Today

Primary palmar hyperhidrosis (HH) is a pathological condition of overperspiration caused by excessive secretion of the eccrine sweat glands, the etiology of which is unknown. This disorder affects a small but significant proportion of the young population all over the world. Neither systemic nor topical drugs have been found to satisfactorily alleviate the symptoms. Although the topical injection of botulinum has recently been reported to reduce the amount of local perspiration, long-term results are required before a definitive evaluation of this method can be made.

Author(s): 
Hashmonai, M.
Kopelman, D.
Assalia, A.

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