randomized controlled trial

Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the odds of positive conclusions in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga, differ between yoga styles. DESIGN: Systematic review of yoga RCTs. Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, IndMED and the tables of content of specialist yoga journals, not listed in medical databases, were screened up to 12 February, 2014 for RCTs comparing yoga interventions to non-yoga interventions.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Contemporary Clinical Trials

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the conclusions of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga are more likely to be positive when they were conducted in India and/or when they are published in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) specialty journals. METHODS: Medline/PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, IndMED, and the tables of content of yoga specialty journals not listed in medical databases were screened through February 2014 for RCTs comparing yoga interventions to non-yoga interventions.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: To map and evaluate the evidence across meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of psychotherapies for various outcomes. METHODS: We identified 173 eligible studies, including 247 meta-analyses that synthesized data from 5157 RCTs via a systematic search from inception to December 2016 in the PubMed, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. We calculated summary effects using random-effects models, and we assessed between-study heterogeneity.

Author(s): 
Dragioti, E.
Karathanos, V.
Gerdle, B.
Evangelou, E.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine Reports

Empirical evidence suggested that mind-body interventions can be effectively delivered online. This study aimed to examine whether preventive online mindfulness interventions (POMI) for non-clinical populations improve short- and long-term outcomes for perceived-stress (primary) and mindfulness (secondary). Systematic search of four electronic databases, manuscript reference lists, and journal content lists was conducted in 2016, using 21 search-terms.

Author(s): 
Jayewardene, Wasantha P.
Lohrmann, David K.
Erbe, Ryan G.
Torabi, Mohammad R.
Publication Title: 
BMC palliative care

BACKGROUND: Music therapy is one of the most frequently used complementary therapies in different palliative care settings. Despite its long tradition and high acceptance by other health-care professionals, evidence on the effectiveness of music therapy interventions for terminally ill patients is rare. Recent reviews and health-care reports consistently point out the need of music therapists to provide an evidence-based rationale for their clinical treatments in this field.

Author(s): 
Warth, Marco
Kessler, Jens
Koenig, Julian
Wormit, Alexander F.
Hillecke, Thomas K.
Bardenheuer, Hubert J.
Publication Title: 
GMS health technology assessment

BACKGROUND: Menopause is described as the transition from the reproductive phase of a women to the non reproductive. Changes in hormone levels might lead to complaints and health consequences especially during peri- and postmenopause. Hormone therapy has a potential damaging health risk profile and is recommended for temporal limited therapy for acute vasomotor symptoms only.

Author(s): 
Aidelsburger, Pamela
Schauer, Svenja
Grabein, Kristin
Wasem, Jürgen
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Urology

PURPOSE: Increasing antimicrobial resistance has stimulated interest in nonantibiotic prophylaxis of recurrent urinary tract infections. We assessed the effectiveness, tolerability and safety of nonantibiotic prophylaxis in adults with recurrent urinary tract infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE®, EMBASE™, the Cochrane Library and reference lists of relevant reviews were searched to April 2013 for relevant English language citations. Two reviewers selected randomized controlled trials that met the predefined criteria for population, interventions and outcomes.

Author(s): 
Beerepoot, M. a. J.
Geerlings, S. E.
van Haarst, E. P.
van Charante, N. Mensing
ter Riet, G.
Publication Title: 
Chinese Medicine

BACKGROUND: Both cupping therapy and acupuncture have been used in China for a long time, and their target indications are pain-related conditions. There is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of these two therapies. OBJECTIVES: To compare the beneficial effectiveness and safety between cupping therapy and acupuncture for pain-related conditions to provide evidence for clinical practice. METHODS: Protocol of this review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42016050986). We conducted literature search from six electronic databases until 31st March 2017.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Ya-jing
Cao, Hui-Juan
Li, Xin-Lin
Yang, Xiao-Ying
Lai, Bao-Yong
Yang, Guo-Yang
Liu, Jian-Ping
Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To review and assess the effect of single moxibustion for exercise-induced fatigue: (EIF). METHODS: Computer-search for 8 medical databases and 5 clinical trail registries were conducted for: randomized controlled trials (RCTs), added with hand-search for 10 Chinese acupuncture-moxibustion journals and additional references. Data from included RCTs were pooled by RevMan5.1. Methodology quality of RCTs was judged by Cochrane Collaboration assessment tool while quality of primary outcomes was evaluated by GRADE3.2.

Author(s): 
Zhong, Da-ke
Tang, Dan
Xue, Li
Wen, Jin
Li, You-Ping
Publication Title: 
Neural Regeneration Research

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the long-term effect and safety of Xingnao Kaiqiao needling method in ischemic stroke treatment. DATA RETRIEVAL: We retrieved relevant random and semi-random controlled trials that used the Xingnao Kaiqiao needling method to treat ischemic stroke compared with various control treatments such as conventional drugs or other acupuncture therapies.

Author(s): 
Yang, Zhi-Xin
Xie, Jia-Hong
Liu, Yong-Ping
Miao, Guang-Xin
Wang, Ying-Han
Wu, Sheng-Mei
Li, Yuan

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