Randomized controlled trials

Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Understanding how physical activity (PA) influences cognitive function in populations with cognitive impairments, such as dementia, is an increasingly studied topic yielding numerous published systematic reviews. In contrast, however, there appears to be less interest in examining associations between PA and cognition in cognitively healthy individuals.

Author(s): 
Rathore, Azeem
Lom, Barbara
Publication Title: 
Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a serious dose-limiting side-effect without any FDA-approved treatment option. Prior reviews focus mostly on pharmacological interventions, but nonpharmaceutical interventions have also been evaluated.

Author(s): 
Brami, Cloé
Bao, Ting
Deng, Gary
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: Comparison groups are essential for accurate testing and interpretation of yoga intervention trials. However, selecting proper comparison groups is difficult because yoga comprises a very heterogeneous set of practices and its mechanisms of effect have not been conclusively established. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the control and comparison groups used in published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Groessl, Erik
Maiya, Meghan
Sarkin, Andrew
Eisen, Susan V.
Riley, Kristen
Elwy, A. Rani
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: Comparison groups are essential for accurate testing and interpretation of yoga intervention trials. However, selecting proper comparison groups is difficult because yoga comprises a very heterogeneous set of practices and its mechanisms of effect have not been conclusively established. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the control and comparison groups used in published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of yoga.

Author(s): 
Park, Crystal L.
Groessl, Erik
Maiya, Meghan
Sarkin, Andrew
Eisen, Susan V.
Riley, Kristen
Elwy, A. Rani
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of meditation on a variety of asthma outcomes. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and AMED in June 2016 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effectiveness of meditation in adults with asthma. No restriction was put on language or year of publication. Study quality was assessed using The Cochrane Risk of Bias Assessment Tool. Meta-analysis was carried out using RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: Four RCTs involving 201 patients met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Paudyal, Priyamvada
Jones, Christina
Grindey, Caroline
Dawood, Rusha
Smith, Helen
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine

Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) commonly present across the board in medical specialties and are often challenging to treat. Our objective was to assess the efficacy for cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) in MUS. Electronic search of databases was carried out for published controlled trials in English language peer-reviewed journals from inception till August 2016. Effect sizes for the trials were computed using standardized mean difference, and I(2) test was used to assess sample heterogeneity. Pooled mean effect sizes were derived using a random-effects model.

Author(s): 
Menon, Vikas
Rajan, Tess Maria
Kuppili, Pooja Patnaik
Sarkar, Siddharth
Publication Title: 
Clinical Interventions in Aging

Caring for a relative with dementia is extremely challenging; conventional interventions may not be highly effective or easily available on some occasions. This study aimed to explore the efficacy of mindfulness training in improving stress-related outcomes in family caregivers of people with dementia using a meta-analytic review. We searched randomized controlled trials (RCT) through April 2017 from five electronic databases, and assessed the risk of bias using the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Seven RCTs were included in our review.

Author(s): 
Liu, Zheng
Chen, Qian-Lin
Sun, Yu-Ying
Publication Title: 
World Journal of Methodology

The increasing number and sophistication of available psychotherapies suggests that a critical appraisal of the methodological issues of psychotherapy studies is highly needed.

Author(s): 
Chiesa, Alberto
Publication Title: 
Annals of Family Medicine

PURPOSE: Positive effects have been reported after mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in diverse clinical and nonclinical populations. Primary care is a key health care setting for addressing common chronic conditions, and an effective MBI designed for this setting could benefit countless people worldwide. Meta-analyses of MBIs have become popular, but little is known about their efficacy in primary care. Our aim was to investigate the application and efficacy of MBIs that address primary care patients.

Author(s): 
Demarzo, Marcelo M. P.
Montero-Marin, Jesús
Cuijpers, Pim
Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Edurne
Mahtani, Kamal R.
Vellinga, Akke
Vicens, Caterina
López-del-Hoyo, Yolanda
García-Campayo, Javier
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pediatric Psychology

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence (and quality) for distraction and hypnosis for needle-related pain and distress in children and adolescents. To explore the effects of distraction characteristics (e.g., adult involvement, type of distracter), child age, and study risk of bias on treatment efficacy. METHODS: 26 distraction and 7 hypnosis trials were included and self-report, observer-report, and behavioral pain intensity and distress examined. Distraction studies were coded for 4 intervention characteristics, and all studies coded for child age and study risk of bias.

Author(s): 
Birnie, Kathryn A.
Noel, Melanie
Parker, Jennifer A.
Chambers, Christine T.
Uman, Lindsay S.
Kisely, Steve R.
McGrath, Patrick J.

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