Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic

Publication Title: 
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society

AIMS: Although most women experience symptom clusters during the menopausal transition and early postmenopause, investigators reporting clinical trial effects for hot flushes often omit co-occurring symptoms. Our aim was to review controlled clinical trials of mind-body therapies for hot flushes and at least one other co-occurring symptom from these groups: sleep, cognitive function, mood, and pain.

Author(s): 
Woods, N. F.
Mitchell, E. S.
Schnall, J. G.
Cray, L.
Ismail, R.
Taylor-Swanson, L.
Thomas, A.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: People with cancer undergoing active treatment experience numerous disease- and treatment-related adverse outcomes and poorer health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Exercise interventions are hypothesized to alleviate these adverse outcomes. HRQoL and its domains are important measures of cancer survivorship, both during and after the end of active treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of exercise on overall HRQoL outcomes and specific HRQoL domains among adults with cancer during active treatment.

Author(s): 
Mishra, Shiraz I.
Scherer, Roberta W.
Snyder, Claire
Geigle, Paula M.
Berlanstein, Debra R.
Topaloglu, Ozlem
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

A systematic review with meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of meditative movement therapies (Qigong, Tai Chi and Yoga) in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) was carried out. We screened Clinicaltrials.Gov, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus (through December 2010) and the reference sections of original studies for meditative movement therapies (MMT) in FMS. Randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing MMT to controls were analysed. Outcomes of efficacy were pain, sleep, fatigue, depression and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Author(s): 
Langhorst, Jost
Klose, Petra
Dobos, Gustav J.
Bernardy, Kathrin
Häuser, Winfried
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: This is an update of our previous 2008 review. Several recent trials and systematic reviews of the impact of exercise on people with dementia are reporting promising findings.

Author(s): 
Forbes, Dorothy
Thiessen, Emily J.
Blake, Catherine M.
Forbes, Scott C.
Forbes, Sean
Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

PURPOSE: Yoga is increasingly used as a complementary therapy to manage disease and treatment-related side effects in patients with cancer and has resulted in an increase in the number of studies exploring the effectiveness of yoga interventions. This systematic review examines whether yoga interventions provide any measurable benefit, both physically and psychologically, for women with breast cancer. The results will inform future research in this field and advance the development of yoga programmes.

Author(s): 
Harder, H.
Parlour, L.
Jenkins, V.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

Between March and June 2004, a systematic review was carried out of the research evidence on the effectiveness of yoga for the treatment of anxiety and anxiety disorders. Eight studies were reviewed. They reported positive results, although there were many methodological inadequacies. Owing to the diversity of conditions treated and poor quality of most of the studies, it is not possible to say that yoga is effective in treating anxiety or anxiety disorders in general. However, there are encouraging results, particularly with obsessive compulsive disorder.

Author(s): 
Kirkwood, G.
Rampes, H.
Tuffrey, V.
Richardson, J.
Pilkington, K.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Family Physician Medecin De Famille Canadien

OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence supporting selected complementary and alternative medicine approaches used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Author(s): 
Shen, Yi-Hao A.
Nahas, Richard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e.g. education), or another active treatment, with a focus on pain, function, and adverse events.

Author(s): 
Wieland, L. Susan
Skoetz, Nicole
Pilkington, Karen
Vempati, Ramaprabhu
D'Adamo, Christopher R.
Berman, Brian M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Many women would like to avoid pharmacological or invasive methods of pain management in labour and this may contribute towards the popularity of complementary methods of pain management. This review examined currently available evidence supporting the use of relaxation therapies for pain management in labour. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of relaxation methods for pain management in labour on maternal and perinatal morbidity.

Author(s): 
Smith, Caroline A.
Levett, Kate M.
Collins, Carmel T.
Crowther, Caroline A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment option for asthma. METHOD: Seven databases were searched from their inception to October 2010. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and non-randomized clinical trials (NRCTs) were considered, if they investigated any type of yoga in patients with asthma. The selection of studies, data extraction, and validation were performed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Six RCTs and one NRCT met the inclusion criteria. Their methodological quality was mostly poor.

Author(s): 
Posadzki, Paul
Ernst, Edzard

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