Range of Motion, Articular

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation after ankle fracture can begin soon after the fracture has been treated, either surgically or non-surgically, by the use of different types of immobilisation that allow early commencement of weight-bearing or exercise. Alternatively, rehabilitation, including the use of physical or manual therapies, may start following the period of immobilisation. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of rehabilitation interventions following conservative or surgical treatment of ankle fractures in adults.

Author(s): 
Lin, Chung-Wei Christine
Donkers, Nicole A. J.
Refshauge, Kathryn M.
Beckenkamp, Paula R.
Khera, Kriti
Moseley, Anne M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache

AIMS: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnosis/relaxation therapy compared to no/minimal treatment in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: Studies reviewed included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) where investigators randomized patients with TMD or an equivalent condition to an intervention arm receiving hypnosis, relaxation training, or hyporelaxation therapy, and a control group receiving no/minimal treatment.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Yuqing
Montoya, Luis
Ebrahim, Shanil
Busse, Jason W.
Couban, Rachel
McCabe, Randi E.
Bieling, Peter
Carrasco-Labra, Alonso
Guyatt, Gordon H.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine

The efficacy of physiotherapy or chiropractic treatment for patients with neck pain was analysed by reviewing 27 randomised clinical trials published 196-1995. Three different methods were employed: systematic analyses of; methodological quality; comparison of effect size; analysis of inclusion criteria, intervention and outcome according to The Disablement Process model. The quality of most of the studies was low; only one-third scored 50 or more of a possible 100 points.

Author(s): 
Kjellman, G. V.
Skargren, E. I.
Oberg, B. E.
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the management of temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A literature search of published and unpublished articles resulted in the retrieval of 36 potential articles. RESULTS: Twelve studies met all selection criteria for inclusion in the review: 4 studies addressed the use of therapeutic exercise interventions, 2 studies examined the use of acupuncture, and 6 studies examined electrophysical modalities.

Author(s): 
McNeely, Margaret L.
Armijo Olivo, Susan
Magee, David J.
Publication Title: 
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery

BACKGROUND: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a conservative treatment for lateral epicondylitis (LE), but it is also an alternative intervention between the very different approaches of Chinese and Western medicine. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review and meta-analyze the therapeutic effects of LLLT on LE. METHODS: We searched several electronic databases, including Medline, PubMed, and CINAHL, and explored studies that were randomized controlled trials on the therapeutic effects of LLLT on LE from 1990 to February 2009.

Author(s): 
Chang, Wen-Dien
Wu, Jih-Huah
Yang, Wen-Ju
Jiang, Joe-Air
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative systematic review was to assess the evidence concerning the effectiveness of physical therapy interventions in the management of temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A literature search of published and unpublished articles resulted in the retrieval of 36 potential articles. RESULTS: Twelve studies met all selection criteria for inclusion in the review: 4 studies addressed the use of therapeutic exercise interventions, 2 studies examined the use of acupuncture, and 6 studies examined electrophysical modalities.

Author(s): 
McNeely, Margaret L.
Armijo Olivo, Susan
Magee, David J.
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Knee osteoarthritis is a common disabling condition that affects more than one-third of persons older than 65 years. Exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and braces or heel wedges decrease pain and improve function. Acetaminophen, glucosamine, ginger, S-adenosylmethionine (SAM-e), capsaicin cream, topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acupuncture, and tai chi may offer some benefit. Tramadol has a poor trade-off between risks and benefits and is not routinely recommended.

Author(s): 
Ringdahl, Erika
Pandit, Sandesh
Publication Title: 
Evidence Report/Technology Assessment

BACKGROUND: Back and neck pain are important health problems with serious societal and economic implications. Conventional treatments have been shown to have limited benefit in improving patient outcomes. Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) therapies offer additional options in the management of low back and neck pain. Many trials evaluating CAM therapies have poor quality and inconsistent results.

Author(s): 
Furlan, Andrea D.
Yazdi, Fatemeh
Tsertsvadze, Alexander
Gross, Anita
Van Tulder, Maurits
Santaguida, Lina
Cherkin, Dan
Gagnier, Joel
Ammendolia, Carlo
Ansari, Mohammed T.
Ostermann, Thomas
Dryden, Trish
Doucette, Steve
Skidmore, Becky
Daniel, Raymond
Tsouros, Sophia
Weeks, Laura
Galipeau, James
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

Due to a change in the production schedule of this journal, two issues of this article were due within a month of each other, which precluded the usual group of authors from contributing to the current paper, but they will participate in this review in the next issue. This overview includes several articles questioning the use of dry needling (DN) by non-acupuncturists, which continues to be a controversial topic especially in the United States. Several researchers examined the effects of manual trigger point (TrP) techniques applied to TrPs in the upper trapezius muscle.

Author(s): 
Dommerholt, Jan
Publication Title: 
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in older adults (?60) in the UK. If nonsurgical management fails and if OA severity becomes too great, knee arthroplasty is a preferred treatment choice. Preoperative physiotherapy is often offered as part of rehabilitation to improve postoperative patient-based outcomes. OBJECTIVES: Systematically review whether preoperative physiotherapy improves postoperative, patient-based outcomes in older adults who have undergone total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and compare study interventions to best-practice guidelines.

Author(s): 
Chesham, Ross Alexander
Shanmugam, Sivaramkumar

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