*Rating Scales

Publication Title: 
Psychology of Religion and Spirituality

Hope is a powerful emotion that has been largely neglected by the social sciences. In this paper, we introduce a theory of hope drawn from multiple disciplines, including psychology, philosophy, theology, and medicine. Our integrative approach features four components: the attachment, mastery, and survival motives, as well as spiritual beliefs. In addition, we describe four different empirical analyses aimed at the development and refinement of a comprehensive set of scales for measuring state and trait hope.

Author(s): 
Scioli, Anthony
Ricci, Michael
Nyugen, Than
Scioli, Erica R.
Publication Title: 
Psychology of Religion and Spirituality

The psychological relevance of private prayer is an important area of inquiry, with researchers examining prayer typologies and prayer’s associations to mental health (e.g., Poloma & Pendleton, 1989, 1991). However, many of the field’s measures are limited by the use of predominately Christian samples for scale construction. The utility of Poloma and Pendleton’s (1989) Prayer Types Scale, proposing a 4-factor prayer typology, has not been validated in non-Christian samples.

Author(s): 
Black, Stephanie Winkeljohn
Pössel, Patrick
Jeppsen, Benjamin D.
Tariq, Afia
Rosmarin, David H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Counseling Psychology

Most measures of spirituality privilege religious spirituality, but people may experience spirituality in a variety of ways, including a sense of closeness, oneness, or connection with a theistic being, the transcendent (i.e., something outside space and time), oneself, humanity, or nature. The overall purpose of the present 4 studies was to develop the Sources of Spirituality (SOS) Scale to measure these different elements of spirituality.

Author(s): 
Davis, Don E.
Rice, Kenneth
Hook, Joshua N.
Van Tongeren, Daryl R.
DeBlaere, Cirleen
Choe, Elise
Worthington Jr., Everett L.
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