Raynaud Disease

Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: Conventional treatment for RP is limited due to side effects, and complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are widely used by the population. Our objective was to find an effective and well-tolerated CAM for the treatment of RP.

Author(s): 
Malenfant, Deanne
Catton, Michelle
Pope, Janet E.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

OBJECTIVE: Conventional treatment for RP is limited due to side effects, and complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are widely used by the population. Our objective was to find an effective and well-tolerated CAM for the treatment of RP.

Author(s): 
Malenfant, Deanne
Catton, Michelle
Pope, Janet E.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

OBJECTIVES: To present an evidence-based overview of the effectiveness of (non)surgical symptomatic interventions to treat secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP). DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, PEDro, and CINAHL were searched for relevant systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential studies. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the methodologic quality.

Author(s): 
Huisstede, Bionka M.
Hoogvliet, Peter
Paulis, Winifred D.
van Middelkoop, Marienke
Hausman, Michael
Coert, J. Henk
Koes, Bart W.
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Nervous System
Author(s): 
Norris, A.
Huston, P.
Publication Title: 
Fortschritte Der Psychosomatischen Medizin. Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine
Author(s): 
Zikmund, V.
Publication Title: 
Biofeedback and Self-Regulation

The following dimensions of Raynaud's disease are reviewed: (a) etiological factors, particularly those of a psychological nature, (b) proposed biological mechanisms of vasospastic episodes, (c) efficacy of pharmaceutical and surgical interventions, and (d) use of biofeedback as therapy. Emotional stress appears to be wholly sufficient to induce vasopastic episodes in victims. Some authors further hypothesize that suppressed anger may be involved in the phenomenon.

Author(s): 
Sappington, J. T.
Fiorito, E. M.
Brehony, K. A.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Conn, L.
Mott, T.
Publication Title: 
Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, Und Verwandte Gebiete

In 12 patients with systemic sclerosis the influence of hypnosis and autogenic training on the acral blood circulation and the coping with the disease was investigated in a pilot study. In the first step significant increases in the skin temperature of the finger (mean +/- SD: 3.9 +/- 1.2 degrees C) could be found after relaxation hypnosis. In the second step six patients (study group) gained experience with autogenic training. The other six patients served as control group.

Author(s): 
Seikowski, K.
Weber, B.
Haustein, U. F.
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