Reality Testing

Publication Title: 
Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association

Good health has become more than a means to personal goals such as greater attractiveness and increased longevity. It symbolizes self-control, hard work, ambition, and success in life. Inherent in this symbolism is the concept that the individual controls behavior, which in turn controls health. Although control over one's life plays an important role in both physical and mental health, the concept of personal control also infers responsibility.

Author(s): 
Brownell, K. D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

This paper elaborates an aspect of the therapeutic experience of analysis that pertains to the examination of the past as it influences a patient's view of his self-worth and relationship to the world. It is complementary to the usual view of psychoanalytic process that involves analysis of transference resistance, revelation of transference, and the discovery of its genetic roots.

Author(s): 
Viederman, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

Volumes have been written about the patient's love for the therapist, but there has been relatively little discussion of the therapist's love for the patient.

Author(s): 
Novick, J.
Novick, K. K.
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin

Obsessive love and delusional jealousy as persistent mental disorders, are well-known but rare psychiatric conditions, the prevalence of which is estimated to be less than 0.1%. Delusional jealousy should not be confused with exaggerated "pathological" jealousy, which is characterized by excessive suspicion and possessiveness on the part of individuals who, as a rule, suffer from considerably disordered self-esteem. As a paranoid development, delusional jealousy occurs in particular among male chronic alcoholics.

Author(s): 
Bogerts, Bernhard
Publication Title: 
Psychological Bulletin

This article reviews the research literature and theory concerned with accuracy of judgments in romantic relationships. We initially propose a model of cognition in (romantic) relationships that distinguishes between 2 forms of accuracy: mean-level bias and tracking accuracy. We then report the results of meta-analyses of research on heterosexual, romantic relationships, which used external benchmarks and reported levels of tracking accuracy (98 studies) and/or mean-level bias (48 studies).

Author(s): 
Fletcher, Garth J. O.
Kerr, Patrick S. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association

Suffering is commonly seen as an unconscious effort to alleviate painful feelings of guilt. However, suffering also aims at averting loss of ego functions and hence loss of mental stability. This second function of suffering is discussed in the light of Freud's observations of characters wrecked by success and Weiss's ideas about mutual love as a threat to mental stability.

Author(s): 
Donnelly, Diane E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Contrary to predictions, the pseudomemory rate of subjects who received prehypnotic information that hypnosis increased recall was indistinguishable from the pseudomemory rates of subjects who received information that hypnosis did not increase recall and of subjects who received no specific prehypnotic information. Indeed, by the last recall trial, none of the 47 subjects exhibited pseudomemory.

Author(s): 
Lynn, S. J.
Milano, M.
Weekes, J. R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Abnormal Psychology

In 2 experiments we investigated trance logic, or the tolerance of logical incongruity, in age regression and hallucination. Experiment 1 tested 21 hypnotizable and 19 unhypnotizable subjects in an application of the real-simulating model of hypnosis. Experiment 2 tested 26 high and 19 low imagery ability subjects in an adaptation of the model to the imagination context. Subjects' experiences were investigated through the experiential analysis technique.

Author(s): 
McConkey, K. M.
Bryant, R. A.
Bibb, B. C.
Kihlstrom, J. F.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

The present study attempted to assess the effectiveness of commonly used deepening techniques and of surreptitiously provided stimulation on hypnotizability scores, in-hypnosis depth reports, retrospective realness ratings, and the Field Inventory of Hypnotic Depth (Field, 1965). High, medium, and low hypnotizables were assigned in equal numbers to 1 of 3 groups, each containing 54 Ss. Controls were compared to Ss receiving 2 deepening techniques or 2 suggestions for positive and negative hallucinations that were surreptitiously enhanced.

Author(s): 
Page, R. A.
Handley, G. W.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

The present paper addresses 3 issues raised by Coe (1992). First, it maintains that the "altered state" issue of the 1960s remains buried in current dichotomous classifications of hypnosis theories as involving either "special processes" or the social-psychological position. Given the current diversity of the field, it appears imprudent to classify theorizing in either/or terms; additionally, despite a history of using the term "altered state" in a circular way, it is not an inherently circular formulation.

Author(s): 
Perry, C.

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