Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1

Publication Title: 
Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)

Longevity phenotype in humans results from the influence of environmental and genetic factors. Few gene polymorphisms have been identified so far with a modest effect on lifespan leaving room for the search of other players in the longevity game. It has been recently demonstrated that targeted disruption of the mouse homolog of the human angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene (AGTR1) translates into marked prolongation of animal lifespan (Benigni et al., J Clin Invest 119(3):524-530, 2009).

Author(s): 
Benigni, Ariela
Orisio, Silvia
Noris, Marina
Iatropoulos, Paraskevas
Castaldi, Davide
Kamide, Kei
Rakugi, Hiromi
Arai, Yasumichi
Todeschini, Marta
Ogliari, Giulia
Imai, Enyu
Gondo, Yasuyuki
Hirose, Nobuyoshi
Mari, Daniela
Remuzzi, Giuseppe
Publication Title: 
Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)

Longevity phenotype in humans results from the influence of environmental and genetic factors. Few gene polymorphisms have been identified so far with a modest effect on lifespan leaving room for the search of other players in the longevity game. It has been recently demonstrated that targeted disruption of the mouse homolog of the human angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) gene (AGTR1) translates into marked prolongation of animal lifespan (Benigni et al., J Clin Invest 119(3):524-530, 2009).

Author(s): 
Benigni, Ariela
Orisio, Silvia
Noris, Marina
Iatropoulos, Paraskevas
Castaldi, Davide
Kamide, Kei
Rakugi, Hiromi
Arai, Yasumichi
Todeschini, Marta
Ogliari, Giulia
Imai, Enyu
Gondo, Yasuyuki
Hirose, Nobuyoshi
Mari, Daniela
Remuzzi, Giuseppe
Publication Title: 
Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism

AIMS: We investigated the effect of the water extract of Salacia oblonga (SOE), an ayurvedic antidiabetic and antiobesity medicine, on obesity and diabetes-associated cardiac hypertrophy and discuss the role of modulation of cardiac angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT(1)) expression in the effect. METHODS: SOE (100 mg/kg) was given orally to male Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats for 7 weeks. At the end-point of the treatment, the hearts and left ventricles were weighed, cardiomyocyte cross-sectional areas were measured, and cardiac gene profiles were analysed.

Author(s): 
Huang, T. H.
He, L.
Qin, Q.
Yang, Q.
Peng, G.
Harada, M.
Qi, Y.
Yamahara, J.
Roufogalis, B. D.
Li, Y.
Publication Title: 
Life Sciences

In many traditional schools of medicine it is claimed that a balanced modulation of several targets can provide a superior therapeutic effect and decrease in side effect profile compared to a single action from a single selective ligand, especially in the treatment of certain chronic and complex diseases, such as diabetes and obesity. Diabetes and obesity have a multi-factorial basis involving both genetic and environmental risk factors. A wide array of medicinal plants and their active constituents play a role in the prevention and treatment of diabetes.

Author(s): 
Li, Yuhao
Huang, Tom Hsun-Wei
Yamahara, Johji
Publication Title: 
Atherosclerosis

3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) are unequivocally useful for lowering cholesterol levels in patients with dyslipidemias characterized by elevations in total and/or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The beneficial effects of statins to lower serum cholesterol translate into significant reductions in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.

Author(s): 
Koh, Kwang Kon
Quon, Michael J.
Waclawiw, Myron A.
Publication Title: 
Experimental Gerontology

We examined if life-long mild caloric restriction (CR) alone or with voluntary exercise prevents the age-related changes in catecholamine biosynthetic enzyme levels in the adrenal medulla and hypothalamus. Ten-week-old Fisher-344 rats were assigned to: sedentary; sedentary+8% CR; or 8% CR+wheel running. Rats were euthanized at 6 or 24 months of age. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA expression was 4.4-fold higher in the adrenal medullae and 60% lower in the hypothalamus of old sedentary rats compared to young (p<0.01).

Author(s): 
Erdös, Benedek
Broxson, Christopher S.
Landa, Tessa
Scarpace, Philip J.
Leeuwenburgh, Christiaan
Zhang, Yi
Tümer, Nihal
Publication Title: 
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao = Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects of Tangxinping Capsule, a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on diabetic cardiomyopathy in rats. METHODS: The model of diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) injection in rats. And the rats with diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into untreated group, metformin group, captopril group, and low-, medium- and high-dose Tangxinping group; the other ten normal rats were used as normal controls.

Author(s): 
Li, Min
Ni, Qing
Chu, Xiao-yan
Wang, Zhao-li
Lin, Lan
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