Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

By searching the registry information of systematic review regarding acupuncture included before March 31, 2014 in PROSPERO systematic review registry platform, information in the project plan such as care gories of diseases, interventions, research team and the completion status was analyzed to make a comprehensive understanding on registry status of acupuncture systematic review in this platform. As a result, a total of 52 project plans was finally included.

Lan, Ying
Lan, Lei
Zeng, Fang
Wang, Yujue
Feng, Shuwei
Liang, Fanrong
Publication Title: 

BACKGROUND: Outcome reporting bias has received widespread recognition and been considered to pose two threats to the validity of clinical decision making because they overestimate the effect of treatments or distort the results of trials. However, the problem of outcome-reporting bias has not been systematically studied among randomized clinical trials of acupuncture.

Su, Chun-Xiang
Han, Mei
Ren, Jun
Li, Wen-Yuan
Yue, Shu-Jin
Hao, Yu-fang
Liu, Jian-Ping
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

INTRODUCTION: The Danish Twin Registry (DTR) has for more than 50 years been based on surveys and clinical investigations and over the two last decades also on register linkage. Currently these two approaches are merged within Statistics Denmark. RESEARCH TOPICS: Here we report on three major groups of register-based research in the DTR that used the uniqueness of twinning.

Christensen, Kaare
Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm
Holm, Niels V.
Skytthe, Axel
Publication Title: 
Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis: JTH

BACKGROUND: Thromboprophylaxis with rivaroxaban (R) is superior to enoxaparin in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery (MOS). However, rivaroxaban has never been directly compared with fondaparinux (F), which also shows superior efficacy over enoxaparin. The clinical impact of switching from fondaparinux to rivaroxaban thromboprophylaxis is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban or fondaparinux thromboprophylaxis in unselected patients undergoing MOS.

Beyer-Westendorf, J.
L¸tzner, J.
Donath, L.
Radke, O. C.
Kuhlisch, E.
Hartmann, A.
Weiss, N.
Werth, S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition

Diets rich in fruits and vegetables have been of interest because of their potential health benefits against chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. The aim of this work was to assess the association of the dietary intake of a food group that includes fruits, berries and vegetables with all-cause, CVD-related and non-CVD-related mortality. The subjects were Finnish men aged 42-60 y examined in 1984-1989 in the prospective Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor (KIHD) Study.

Rissanen, Tiina H.
Voutilainen, Sari
Virtanen, Jyrki K.
Venho, Birgitta
Vanharanta, Meri
Mursu, Jaakko
Salonen, Jukka T.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Cardiology

Previously we discovered that routine periodic fasting was associated with a lower prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). Other studies have shown that fasting increases longevity in animals. A hypothesis-generating analysis suggested that fasting may also associate with diabetes. This study prospectively tested whether routine periodic fasting is associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients (n = 200) undergoing coronary angiography were surveyed for routine fasting behavior before their procedure.

Horne, Benjamin D.
Muhlestein, Joseph B.
May, Heidi T.
Carlquist, John F.
LappÈ, Donald L.
Bair, Tami L.
Anderson, Jeffrey L.
Intermountain Heart Collaborative Study Group
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Converging evidence suggests that a neurodevelopmental disruption plays a role in the vulnerability to schizophrenia. The authors review evidence supporting in utero exposure to nutritional deficiency as a determinant of schizophrenia. We first describe studies demonstrating that early gestational exposure to the Dutch Hunger Winter of 1944--1945 and to a severe famine in China are each associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia in offspring.

Brown, Alan S.
Susser, Ezra S.
Publication Title: 
Nature Reviews. Genetics

The classical twin study has been a powerful heuristic in biomedical, psychiatric and behavioural research for decades. Twin registries worldwide have collected biological material and longitudinal phenotypic data on tens of thousands of twins, providing a valuable resource for studying complex phenotypes and their underlying biology. In this Review, we consider the continuing value of twin studies in the current era of molecular genetic studies.

van Dongen, Jenny
Slagboom, P. Eline
Draisma, Harmen H. M.
Martin, Nicholas G.
Boomsma, Dorret I.
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Low birth weight (LBW) and hypoxia are among the environmental factors most reliably associated with schizophrenia; however, the nature of this relationship is unclear and both gene-environment interaction and gene-environment covariation models have been proposed as explanations. High-risk (HR) designs that explore whether obstetric complications differentially predict outcomes in offspring at low risk (LR) vs HR for schizophrenia, while accounting for differences in rates of maternal risk factors, may shed light on this question.

Forsyth, Jennifer K.
Ellman, Lauren M.
Tanskanen, Antti
Mustonen, Ulla
Huttunen, Matti O.
Suvisaari, Jaana
Cannon, Tyrone D.
Publication Title: 
JAMA psychiatry

IMPORTANCE: Advancing paternal age has been linked to autism. OBJECTIVE: To further expand knowledge about the association between paternal age and autism by studying the effect of grandfathers' age on childhood autism. DESIGN: Population-based, multigenerational, case-control study. SETTING: Nationwide multigeneration and patient registers in Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a study of individuals born in Sweden since 1932. Parental age at birth was obtained for more than 90% of the cohort.

Frans, Emma M.
Sandin, Sven
Reichenberg, Abraham
LÂngstrˆm, Niklas
Lichtenstein, Paul
McGrath, John J.
Hultman, Christina M.


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