Religion and Medicine

Publication Title: 
Intensive Care Medicine

PURPOSE: This study explored differences in end-of-life (EOL) decisions and respect for patient autonomy of religious members versus those only affiliated to that particular religion (affiliated is a member without strong religious feelings). METHODS: In 2005 structured questionnaires regarding EOL decisions were distributed in six European countries to ICUs in 142 hospital ICUs. This sub-study of the original data analyzed answers from Protestants, Catholics and Jews. RESULTS: A total of 304 physicians, 386 nurses, 248 patients and 330 family members were included in the study.

Author(s): 
B¸low, Hans-Henrik
Sprung, Charles L.
Baras, Mario
Carmel, Sara
Svantesson, Mia
Benbenishty, Julie
Maia, Paulo A.
Beishuizen, Albertus
Cohen, Simon
Nalos, Daniel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Though research has shown that religion provides a protective influence with respect to a number of health-related outcomes, little work has examined its influence on patterns of alcohol (especially binge drinking) and tobacco consumption among Latinos in Texas. Thus, we used a probability sample of Texas adults to test this relationship via logistic regression. Our results revealed that clear distinctions emerge on the basis of both denomination and frequency of attendance.

Author(s): 
Garcia, Ginny
Ellison, Christopher G.
Sunil, Thankam S.
Hill, Terrence D.
Publication Title: 
Przeglad Lekarski

The paper summarises the moral and spiritual factors important in care for sick people. Medical care is one of the ancient forms of our activity as humans, expounding care for other people's well-being. The moral aspect of medical care is deeply rooted in constant daily interaction between the patient and the doctor aiming at easing symptoms, support, help, prevention and defense. Such teleological orientation of medicine is, according to John Paul II, made possible not so much by technology but by physician's conscience, wisdom and unlimited honesty.

Author(s): 
Necek, Robert
Publication Title: 
HEC forum: an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues

Mayo Clinic is recognized as a worldwide leader in innovative, high-quality health care. However, the Catholic mission and ideals from which this organization was formed are not widely recognized or known. From partnership with the Sisters of St. Francis in 1883, through restructuring of the Sponsorship Agreement in 1986 and current advancements, this Catholic mission remains vital today at Saint Marys Hospital. This manuscript explores the evolution and growth of sponsorship at Mayo Clinic, defined as "a collaboration between the Sisters of St.

Author(s): 
Swetz, Keith M.
Crowley, Mary E.
Maines, T. Dean
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

The purpose of this study is to investigate religious features of curanderismo, specifically the role of ostensibly Roman Catholic beliefs and practices in the training and work of curandero/as. The integration of religious beliefs and practices within the rituals of curanderismo and how this potential clash of worldviews negatively and positively impacts clients and practitioners are examined. Interviews were conducted with practicing curandero/as and clients who had sought their services.

Author(s): 
Salazar, Cindy Lynn
Levin, Jeff
Publication Title: 
HEC forum: an interdisciplinary journal on hospitals' ethical and legal issues

Roman Catholics have a long tradition of evaluating medical treatment at the end of life to determine if proposed interventions are proportionate and morally obligatory or disproportionate and morally optional. There has been significant debate within the Catholic community about whether artificially delivered nutrition and hydration can be appreciated as a medical intervention that may be optional in some situations, or if it should be treated as essentially obligatory in all circumstances.

Author(s): 
Zientek, David M.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

In 2008, Alberta Roman Catholic Bishops' discouraged in-school HPV vaccination because: "a school-based approach to vaccination sends a message that early sexual intercourse is allowed, as long as one uses 'protection.'" The publicly funded Calgary Catholic School District Board voted against in-school HPV vaccine administration. In 2009, vaccine uptake was 70% in Calgary public schools and 18.9% in Calgary Catholic schools.

Author(s): 
Guichon, Juliet R.
Mitchell, Ian
Buffler, Patricia
Caplan, Art
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

The use of psychopharmaceuticals as an enhancement technology has been the focus of attention in the bioethics literature. However, there has been little examination of the challenges that this practice creates for religious traditions that place importance on questions of being, authenticity, and identity. We asked expert commentators from six major world religions to consider the issues raised by psychopharmaceuticals as an enhancement technology.

Author(s): 
Fitzpatrick, Scott J.
Jordens, Christopher F. C.
Kerridge, Ian H.
Keown, Damien
Walter, James J.
Nelson, Paul
Abdalla, Mohamad
Lehmann, Lisa Soleymani
Sarma, Deepak
Publication Title: 
Nursing Outlook

BACKGROUND: The Catholic Church oversees the nation's largest group of not-for-profit health care facilities, and in certain areas a Catholic hospital is the only hospital available. Recently, Catholic hospitals' provision of health care services to women in the areas of reproductive procedures has come under scrutiny. PURPOSE: This article examines the role of Catholic sister nurses in health policy for women. METHODS: Using historical analysis, this article focuses on the tensions between Catholic religious priests and sister nurses over access to health care.

Author(s): 
Wall, Barbra Mann
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Exclusionary practices in dominant market-based systems are recognized as contributing to global health inequities. Undocumented immigrants are particularly vulnerable to unequal access to healthcare. Humanitarian NGOs strive to respond meaningfully to these health inequities among migrants and undocumented immigrants. Few studies describe the work of humanitarian NGOs that advocate for the right to health of undocumented immigrants in high-income countries.

Author(s): 
Tiedje, Kristina
Plevak, David J.

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