Religious Meditation

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the profile, evaluation criteria and fatigue treatment. BACKGROUND: Fatigue, characterised by tiredness, weakness or lack of energy, involves physical, cognitive and emotional aspects. Its aetiology is not well defined and the prevalence ranges from 30-70% in women with breast cancer, reaching up to 80% when they are undergoing radiotherapy. This is one of the most frequent side effects of radiotherapy, and it may interfere with self-esteem, social activities and quality of life. DESIGN: Literature systematic review.

Author(s): 
Alcântara-Silva, Tereza Raquel de M.
Freitas-Junior, Ruffo
Freitas, Nilceana M. A.
Machado, Graziela D. P.
Publication Title: 
World journal of pediatrics: WJP

BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorder (AP-FGID) comprises of 4 main conditions: functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain. AP-FGIDs are diagnosed clinically based on the Rome IV criteria for FGIDs of childhood. There is limited evidence for pharmacological therapies. DATA SOURCES: This review article discusses nonpharmacological management of AP-FGID based on the current literature including systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, cohort and case control studies.

Author(s): 
Paul, Siba Prosad
Basude, Dharamveer
Publication Title: 
Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine

Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the oxidative stress reduction and enhancement of antioxidant status following yogic practices, but a review has not been reported earlier. Present study is designed to systematically review the effect of yogic practices on oxidative stress and antioxidant status. Content Using the MEDLINE, EMBASE SCOPEMED, and Indian database electronic searches were performed through August 2016 using the keywords yoga AND oxidative stress OR antioxidant which yielded 97 studies.

Author(s): 
Pal, Rameswar
Gupta, Navin
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association

CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults with chronic pain, do yoga and other meditative movement therapies to improvement in chronic pain symptoms? ANSWER: Yes. However, in each of the studies reviewed, yoga classes were included as part of the pain management regime, sometimes alone and sometimes in tandem with DVDs or audiotapes. We feel that no exercise therapy program should be undertaken without professional coaching from certified, registered and qualified instructors. DATE ANSWER WAS DETERMINED: August 2014, June, 2015, August 2015. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE FOR THE ANSWER: A.

Author(s): 
Achilefu, Allison
Joshi, Kunal
Meier, Megan
McCarthy, Laine H.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare

Background and Objective? The highest level of scientific evidence available for each therapy for menopausal symptoms was sought, for example, systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Results? There is reasonable evidence that some symptoms are modified by lifestyle, for example, cessation of smoking, exercise, reduction of alcohol, diet and alleviation of psychosocial stress.

Author(s): 
Maclennan, Alastair H.
Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: Since a distorted body experience and a sedentary lifestyle are central in the course of binge eating disorder (BED), physical therapy might be an interesting add-on treatment. The aim of this study was to systematically review randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating physical therapy on binge eating and physical and mental health in BED patients.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Vanderlinden, Johan
De Hert, Marc
Adámkova, Milena
Skjaerven, Liv Helvik
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
Probst, Michel
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practices that include yoga asanas and mindfulness-based stress reduction for the management of stress are increasingly popular; however, the neurobiological effects of these practices on stress reactivity are not well understood. Many studies investigating the effects of such practices fail to include an active control group. Given the frequency with which people are selecting such interventions as a form of self-management, it is important to determine their effectiveness.

Author(s): 
Pascoe, Michaela C.
Thompson, David R.
Ski, Chantal F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to investigate the efficacy and safety of yoga interventions in treating patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were screened through December 2016. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to inactive or active comparators in patients with major depressive disorder were eligible. Primary outcomes included remission rates and severity of depression. Anxiety and adverse events were secondary outcomes. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Anheyer, Dennis
Lauche, Romy
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Drug and Alcohol Dependence

OBJECTIVE: The limited success of current smoking cessation therapies encourages research into new treatment strategies. Mind-body practices such as yoga and meditation have the potential to aid smoking cessation and become an alternative drug-free treatment option. The aim of this article is to assess the efficacy of yoga and other meditation-based interventions for smoking cessation, to identify the challenges of clinical trials applying mind-body treatments, and to outline directions for future research on these types of therapies to assist in smoking cessation.

Author(s): 
Carim-Todd, Laura
Mitchell, Suzanne H.
Oken, Barry S.
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

BACKGROUND: Although schizophrenia is the fifth leading cause of disability-adjusted life years worldwide in people aged 15 to 44 years, the clinical evidence of physical therapy as a complementary treatment remains largely unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effectiveness of physical therapy for people with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, Davy
Probst, Michel
Helvik Skjaerven, Liv
Catalán-Matamoros, Daniel
Lundvik-Gyllensten, Amanda
Gómez-Conesa, Antonia
Ijntema, Rutger
De Hert, Marc

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