Renal Dialysis

Publication Title: 
JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports

BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation has been recognized as the best renal replacement therapy option for people with end stage renal disease. With an estimated 170,000 people waiting for a kidney transplant around the world and a limited supply of donor organs, the waiting time is often prolonged for many years. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to examine the existing evidence of patients' experiences of living on dialysis and waiting for a renal transplant from a deceased donor.

Burns, Tania
Fernandez, Ritin
Stephens, Moira
Publication Title: 
The Annals of Pharmacotherapy

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of gabapentin for the treatment of uremic pruritus (UP). DATA SOURCES: Literature retrieval was accessed through MEDLINE (1950-March week 3, 2008; In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, April 1, 2008) and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1970-March 2008) using the terms gabapentin, pruritus, itch, urem$ (truncated), dialysis, and kidney disease. The Google Scholar search engine was used to identify articles that MEDLINE did not capture with the described search terms.

Vila, Tania
Gommer, Jennifer
Scates, Ann C.
Publication Title: 
BMC nephrology

BACKGROUND: Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAMs) are increasingly practiced in the general population; it is estimated that over 30% of patients with chronic diseases use CAMs on a regular basis. CAMs are also used in hospital settings, suggesting a growing interest in individualized therapies. One potential field of interest is pain, frequently reported by dialysis patients, and seldom sufficiently relieved by mainstream therapies.

Ferraresi, Martina
Clari, Roberta
Moro, Irene
Banino, Elena
Boero, Enrico
Crosio, Alessandro
Dayne, Romina
Rosset, Lorenzo
Scarpa, Andrea
Serra, Enrica
Surace, Alessandra
Testore, Alessio
Colombi, Nicoletta
Piccoli, Barbara Giorgina
Publication Title: 
California Medicine

Data on a study group of 52 maintenance hemodialysis patients cannulated with Quinton-Scribner cannula in a four-year period were analyzed. The average period of dialysis was 11.8 months with either a pumped coil or a pumpless Kiil artificial kidney system. One hundred and forty-five cannulations were performed. The mean arterial cannula survival was 7.8 months and the mean venous cannula survival was 7.2 months. The exceptional longevity of cannula survival occurred despite the high incidence of atherosclerotic changes at operation and the advanced mean age (47 years) of the patients.

Foran, R. F.
Golding, A. L.
Treiman, R. L.
De Palma, J. R.
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Nephrology (Berlin, Germany)

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) in infants is usually used when peritoneal dialysis (PD) has failed. We describe our experience with HD, outlining the morbidity, complications, and outcomes for infants weighing less than 10†kg managed with HD for more than 6†months over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective review of the clinical notes was conducted to collect demographic information, anthropometric data, dietary history, site and form of vascular access, details of HD prescription, complications, and outcomes.

Quinlan, Catherine
Bates, Marie
Sheils, Aishling
Dolan, Niamh
Riordan, Michael
Awan, Atif
Publication Title: 
Revista Gaucha De Enfermagem

Our aim was to understand the experience of sickening of a person with chronic kidney disease in hemodialysis. This was a qualitative study, of the case study kind. Data collection was made from February to July 2008, by in depth interview, that happened in a private institution accredited by the Brazilian Single Health System (SUS), in the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil. The data were analyzed through the content analysis method, that made appear the meaning of body, labor daily life, hemodialysis and the machine.

de Mattos, Magda
Maruyama, SÙnia Ayako Tao
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Kidney Diseases: The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation

BACKGROUND: Women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often have difficulty achieving pregnancy and are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Given the medical, ethical, and emotional complexities of pregnancy in CKD, the clinical approach should involve explicit consideration of women's values, for which there are sparse data. This study aims to describe the beliefs, values, and experiences of pregnancy in women with CKD to inform prepregnancy counseling and pregnancy care. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative study.

Tong, Allison
Brown, Mark A.
Winkelmayer, Wolfgang C.
Craig, Jonathan C.
Jesudason, Shilpanjali
Publication Title: 
Revista Latino-Americana De Enfermagem

This article discusses hemodialysis experiences in terms of meanings women attribute to several associated phenomena. Renal insufficiency may present a progressive reduction in renal function, in which the kidneys are affected and become unable to remove metabolic material from the blood. Living with hemodialysis is associated to important psychosocial adaptation mechanisms. This clinical-qualitative study was performed in two general hospitals' nephrology service.

de Carvalho Pinto Nazario, Roberta
Turato, Egberto Ribeiro
Publication Title: 
General Hospital Psychiatry

Twenty-four patients who underwent more than one kidney transplant were interviewed to assess their psychosocial adaptation. Of these 24, we found 15 patients with a functioning kidney and 9 patients with a nonfunctioning transplant who were back on hemodialysis. In both groups, approximately 50% of the patients had life satisfaction ratings of "good" and "very good." The groups differed in two respects. Those with a functioning kidney had a higher employment rate and a better sexual functioning than the group on dialysis.

Nadel, C.
Clark, J. J.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Kidney Diseases: The Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation

Offering financial incentives to families of brain-dead individuals has been proposed as a way to increase the supply of organs for transplantation. However, such incentives may lead to weakening of altruism and exploitation of poor families. We investigated dialysis patient attitudes toward the potential benefits and problems of incentives. Using a structured questionnaire, we interviewed 60 randomly selected patients at three chronic hemodialysis units. Subjects were asked to make an explicit trade-off between maintaining altruism versus increasing the supply of kidneys.

Sehgal, A. R.
LeBeau, S. O.
Youngner, S. J.


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