Research

Publication Title: 
SpringerPlus

Existing literature suggests that cancer survivors present with high rates of morbidity due to various treatment and disease induced factors. Research globally has shown exercise to be beneficial in improving treatment outcomes and quality of life. India has a high prevalence of cancer and not much is known about exercise interventions for cancer survivors in India. This review was planned to review the state of exercise based interventions for cancer survivors in India.

Author(s): 
Samuel, Stephen R.
Veluswamy, Sundar K.
Maiya, Arun G.
Fernandes, Donald J.
McNeely, Margaret L.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga

CONTEXT: The promotion of yoga practice as a preventative and treatment therapy for health outcomes in the western hemisphere is increasing rapidly. As the commercial success of yoga burgeons in popular culture, it is important to investigate the trends of yoga as a therapeutic intervention in academic literature. The free-access search engine, PubMed is a preeminent resource to identify health-related research articles published for academics, health practitioners and others.

Author(s): 
McCall, Marcy C.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)

Regular reflective practice group sessions, focusing on enhancing mindfulness, were piloted as part of a support programme for researchers in a clinical oncology setting. METHODS: As a previous systematic review highlighted a wide variety of approaches and a lack of published evidence on the use of specific models for reflective practice in health care, a scoping review of existing literature describing reflective practice models preceded piloting the programme with the research team. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) was used to assess the benefit for participants.

Author(s): 
Caley, Laura
Pittordou, Victoria
Adams, Carolyn
Gee, Caroline
Pitkahoo, Ville
Matthews, Jennifer
Cruse, Sarah
Muls, Ann
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Although the efficacy of small-group, risk reduction interventions based on cognitive behavioral principles has been widely documented in HIV behavioral research literature, little is known about how AIDS service organizations (ASOs) view these research-based models. From a nationwide sample of 77 ASOs, this study assessed factors influencing attitudes of prevention program directors and frontline staff toward research-based interventions.

Author(s): 
DiFranceisco, W.
Kelly, J. A.
Otto-Salaj, L.
McAuliffe, T. L.
Somlai, A. M.
Hackl, K.
Heckman, T. G.
Holtgrave, D. R.
Rompa, D. J.
Publication Title: 
Body Image

Empirical and clinical interest in positive body image has burgeoned in recent years. This focused attention is generating various measures and methods for researchers and psychotherapists to assess an array of positive body image constructs in populations of interest. No resource to date has integrated the available measures and methods for easy accessibility and comparison.

Author(s): 
Webb, Jennifer B.
Wood-Barcalow, Nichole L.
Tylka, Tracy L.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Clinical Psychology

PURPOSE: An emerging body of evidence has shown the therapeutic effect of both mindful and non-mindful physical exercises on the treatment of depression. The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of mindful and non-mindful physical exercises as an intervention in managing depression or depressive symptoms based on a systematic literature review. METHODS: Our review was conducted among five electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which tested the effects of mindful or/and non-mindful physical exercises on depression.

Author(s): 
Tsang, Hector W. H.
Chan, Edward P.
Cheung, W. M.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

In 1977 the American Psychiatric Association called for a critical examination of the clinical effectiveness of meditation. The author provides a review of the literature bearing on clinical and physiological comparisons of meditation with other self-control strategies. He begins by providing a definition of mediation and then cites the literature comparing mediation with such self-regulation strategies as biofeedback, hypnosis, and progressive relaxation.

Author(s): 
Shapiro, D. H.
Publication Title: 
Casopis Lekaru Ceskych

Citation mapping of communicating structures of science and derived indices of the most active research fronts make it possible to adopt and create factographic bases for operative management and prognosis of fundamental medical research. Information data bases and printed registers for systematic use of these materials can be processed according to published analyses of priority trends of science, using methods of aggregated quotations or using networks of descriptors.

Author(s): 
Vlachý, J.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Recently, 9 especially important critical reviews and research studies have appeared in the general scientific and medical literatures pertaining to 4 areas of applied and scientific hypnosis: management of pain, treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, adjunctive hypnosis in outpatient surgery, and error in memory. Together, these articles examine matters of soma and cognition that are at once core to scientific hypnosis but also of keen interest to clinicians. The studies and reviews are conceptually ambitious and methodologically sophisticated.

Author(s): 
Nash, Michael R.

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