Research Report

Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: High-quality reporting of treatment details can aid replication of study results in real-world clinical practice. The Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) is a reporting guideline for key elements of acupuncture interventions in clinical trials. This study used STRICTA to investigate whether Cochrane reviews of acupuncture adequately report important treatment details. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: Cochrane reviews of acupuncture were identified from The Cochrane Library (issue 7, 2012).

Author(s): 
Kim, Kun Hyung
Kang, Jung Won
Lee, Myeong Soo
Lee, Jae-Dong
Publication Title: 
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To survey the reporting quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) case reports published in recent years and understand the common problems. The assessment results would lay the foundation for the development of recommendations for case report in Chinese medicine. METHODS: This survey determined the reporting quality of cases with Chinese herbal decoction, Chinese proprietary medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion and other traditional therapies published in 20 core medical journals of China by searching the China Academic Journals Full-text Database from 2006 to 2010.

Author(s): 
Fu, Shu-Fei
Kun, Wai
Zeng, Xiao-Xi
Zhang, Li
Cheng, Chung-Wah
Song, Lisa
Zhong, Linda Li-Dan
Lin, Jia
Wang, Yong-Yan
Shang, Hong-Cai
Bian, Zhao-Xia
CARC Group
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the completeness of reporting of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture in the Korean literature. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: We searched 12 Korean databases and 7 Korean journals to identify eligible RCTs of acupuncture published from 1996 to July 2011. We used the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist for parallel RCTs and the revised STandards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA) to assess the quality of reporting in Korean RCTs.

Author(s): 
Kim, Kun Hyung
Kang, Jung Won
Lee, Myeong Soo
Lee, Jae-Dong
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the quality of reporting of statistical methods in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), including identification of primary analyses, missing data accommodation, and multiplicity adjustment, in studies of nonpharmacologic, noninterventional pain treatments (e.g., physical therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, acupuncture, and massage). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of 101 articles reporting RCTs of pain treatments that were published between January 2006 and June 2013 in the European Journal of Pain, the Journal of Pain, and Pain.

Author(s): 
Dworkin, Jordan D.
McKeown, Andrew
Farrar, John T.
Gilron, Ian
Hunsinger, Matthew
Kerns, Robert D.
McDermott, Michael P.
Rappaport, Bob A.
Turk, Dennis C.
Dworkin, Robert H.
Gewandter, Jennifer S.
Publication Title: 
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Extracts of 41 medicinal plants used in Egyptian folk medicine were screened for their inhibitory effects on human immunodeficiency virus-1 reverse transcriptase. The extracts of fruits of Phyllanthus emblica, Quercus pedunculata, Rumex cyprius, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia horrida showed significant inhibitory activity with IC50 < or = 50 micrograms/ml. Through a bioassay guided-fractionation of the methanol extract of the fruit of P.

Author(s): 
el-Mekkawy, S.
Meselhy, M. R.
Kusumoto, I. T.
Kadota, S.
Hattori, M.
Namba, T.
Publication Title: 
Family Planning Perspectives

A survey of the attitudes and practices of general practitioners in Northern Ireland regarding contraception and abortion was carried out in 1994 and 1995 with a randomized sample of 154 physicians. The vast majority of doctors who received requests for contraceptives from their patients fulfilled those request (94%). Overall, 13% of the doctors said a married patient had requested an abortion in the past three months, and 34% had had a similar request from an unmarried patient.

Author(s): 
Francome, C.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

This study questions the findings of most research claiming that teenage pregnancies are generally unwanted, unplanned and unintended. It starts with the question of why most sexually active teenagers put themselves at risk of becoming pregnant if they do not desire it. The hypothesis is that sentiments of "love" and "aspirations for marriage" are related to starting sexual activity and subsequent pregnancy. The sample is 123 school-age mothers.

Author(s): 
Scott, J. W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Biosocial Science

This paper proposes a causal model of sexual activity among a randomly selected sample of 305 Junio secondary school girls in Zambia. The results indicate that liberal sexual attitudes influence romantic involvement with boys. Emotional involvement is likely to result in sexual activity. Traditional courtship forms are slowly being replaced by modern patterns of courtship behaviour. Policy and programme implications are discussed.

Author(s): 
Pillai, V. K.
Barton, T.
Benefo, K.
Publication Title: 
AIDS care

The way in which sex may be constructed as safe through its relationship with 'love' is the concern of this study. Interviews with 112 heterosexual women and men from discos and bars in Melbourne, Australia, catering to single adults revealed the pervasive construction of sex within the discourses of 'love' and 'romance'. The relationship of these discourses to unsafe practices is discussed and the article presents an analysis of the normative function of the sex-as-love/sex-as-desire opposition in terms of safe sex and HIV/AIDS prevention.

Author(s): 
Rosenthal, D.
Gifford, S.
Moore, S.
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Although there is some evidence that relationship-level factors influence sexual behavior, they have received far less attention than individual-level factors as potential correlates of condom use. This study surveyed 210 undergraduate men and women to examine the association between relationship characteristics and condom use. Higher levels of love, longer relationships and more serious and committed relationships were individually associated with less condom use.

Author(s): 
Civic, D.

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