Resource Allocation

Publication Title: 
The Hastings Center Report
Author(s): 
Emery, D. D.
Schneiderman, L. J.
Publication Title: 
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal

As the twentieth century closes, marked by triumphal strides in medical advances, the American society has yet to ensure that each person has access to affordable health care. To correct this injustice, this article calls on the nation's political and corporate leaders, providers, and faith-based groups to join all Americans in a new national conversation on systemic health care reform.

Author(s): 
Place, Michael D.
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

The author comments on the consensus statement from the point of view of an ethics consultant in Germany. Since many hospitals in Germany are under considerable competitive pressure, mission statements are becoming more and more important in order to draw a distinction between the different hospital types and to convey the meaning of the corporate identity both internally and externally. The Consensus Statement, which provides basic orientation without going into too much detail, can be a helpful initial document.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, K. W.
Publication Title: 
Origins

A conflict of interest in scientific and medical research "between the investigation and correct treatment of illness ... and the financial objective of making a profit" was addressed in a papal message to an April 5-6 international conference on conflicts of interest in science and medicine sponsored by the Polish Academy of Sciences. The Vatican released the papal message April 11, which was addressed as a letter to Archbishop Jozef Kowalczyk, apostolic nuncio to Poland.

Author(s): 
Pope John Paul II, null
Publication Title: 
Theological Studies

The author presents an overview (completed on September 15, 2001) of three issues involved in the ethics of human embryonic stem cell therapy: the ethical implications of some of the scientific issues involved, the specific ethical issues of the moral standing of the early human embryo and the problem of cooperation, and a consideration of two public policy issues: should the research go forward, and what kind of health care system should the United States adopt. The author argues that the public policy questions are the most important agenda.

Author(s): 
Shannon, T. A.
Publication Title: 
Christian Bioethics

A Christian analysis of the moral conflicts that exist among physicians and health care institutions requires a detailed treatment of the ethical issues in managed care. To be viable, managed care, as with any system of health care, must be economically sound and morally defensible. While managed care is per se a morally neutral concept, as it is currently practiced in the United States, it is morally dubious at best, and in many instances is antithetical to a Catholic Christian ethics of health care.

Author(s): 
Pellegrino, Edmund D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of counseling and development: JCD

Increasing numbers of students with severe personality disorders are presenting for psychological services at college and university counseling centers. The influx of these students poses a number of ethical dilemmas for counseling centers. Clinical decisions about appropriate treatment modalities, philosophical decisions about agency mission, and available resources to carry defined missions converge and influence ethical decisions in this area.

Author(s): 
Gilbert, S. P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of counseling and development: JCD

Increasing numbers of students with severe personality disorders are presenting for psychological services at college and university counseling centers. The influx of these students poses a number of ethical dilemmas for counseling centers. Clinical decisions about appropriate treatment modalities, philosophical decisions about agency mission, and available resources to carry defined missions converge and influence ethical decisions in this area.

Author(s): 
Gilbert, S. P.
Publication Title: 
The Gerontologist

PURPOSE: This study measures the differential effects of home care client characteristics typically included in standardized needs assessment protocols, and client characteristics such as attitude or demeanor that arise from the case manager-client interpersonal dynamic during the assessment process, on care plan decisions.

Author(s): 
Corazzini-Gomez, Kirsten
Publication Title: 
Hormones and Behavior

This study examined if the prosocial effects of oxytocin (OT) extend from individuals to a generalized other who is in need. Participants played a series of economic games to earn money and were presented with an opportunity to donate a portion of their earnings to charity. OT did not significantly increase the decision to donate, but among the 36% of participants who did donate, people infused with OT were found to donate 48% more to charity than those given a placebo.

Author(s): 
Barraza, Jorge A.
McCullough, Michael E.
Ahmadi, Sheila
Zak, Paul J.

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