Weaning patients from mechanical ventilation can be hindered by both physical and psychologic factors. Biofeedback has been used successfully as an adjunct in difficult weaning problems. We have used a combination of hypnosis and biofeedback to wean a patient with neurologic disease who previously failed weaning by standard procedures.
Chronic respiratory failure defined in terms of limitation of activity rather than airflow obstruction is classified under five subgroups which take account of this consideration. Those aspects which are more specifically psychological and social such as: anxiety, withdrawal from society, the lack of emotions and depression are touched upon (and literature is reviewed on this subject). These are briefly discussed with the aim of both understanding and being aware of the difficulties to achieve the most complete approach possible towards the patient and his problems.
Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is a condition of paradoxical adduction of the vocal cords during the inspiratory phase of the respiratory cycle. VCD often presents as stridorous breathing, which may be misdiagnosed as asthma. The mismanagement of this disorder may result in unnecessary treatment and iatrogenic morbidity. An association with psychogenic factors has been reported, and a higher incidence of anxiety-related illness has been demonstrated in patients with VCD.
AIMS: To determine the population pharmacokinetics of artemether and dihydroartemisinin in African children with severe malaria and acidosis associated with respiratory distress following an intramuscular injection of artemether. METHODS: Following a single intramuscular (i.m.) injection of 3.2 mg kg-1 artemether, blood samples were withdrawn at various times over 24 h after the dose. Plasma was assayed for artemether and dihydroartemisinin by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
A 39 year old pneumectomized patient presents a massive pulmonary embolism, dies within 3 hours and is supported inefficiently by cardiac massage with recurrent mydriasis during 2 hours. At that time, under extracorporeal cardiopulmonary bypass with a membrane oxygenator, the cardiac activity recovers immediatly due to right decompression and coronary perfusion. The patient is conscious within 5 hours. The cardiopulmonary bypass with a membrane oxygenator appears to be the best therapy when the cardiac massage fails to restitute a normal myocardial function. No embolectomy was performed.
Restoration of adequate spontaneous circulation after "arrest" and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of 546 patients before and 460 patients after initiation of a CPR training course in a 500-bed city hospital is reported. Between January 1972 and June 1976, adequate circulation after CPR was present in 38.6% of patients before and 50.4% after training ICU nurses and house physicians in modern resuscitation techniques.
Climacteric: The Journal of the International Menopause Society
INTRODUCTION: Physiological and psychological alterations in the climacteric period frequently influence women's quality of life. Hot flushes, nocturia, mood alterations, respiratory disturbances, insomnia and restless leg syndrome all affect sleep, and the altered hormonal state in this period impacts the aging process. As hormonal therapy is not indicated in some cases, the search for complementary therapies, such as massage therapy, to improve insomnia in the climacteric period is increasing.
We evaluated the interaction between electroacupuncture (EA)-induced antinociception and an endogenous anti-analgesic system. EA was applied to the ST-36 acupoint for 45 min in male Sprague-Dawley rats, and pain thresholds were assessed by the hind-paw pressure test. EA produced a marked increase in pain thresholds and its antinociceptive action was completely reversed by naloxone (5 mg/kg). The analgesic effects of subcutaneous morphine (7 mg/kg) following EA stimulation were significantly attenuated.