Review Literature as Topic

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity.

Author(s): 
Geneen, Louise J.
Moore, R. Andrew
Clarke, Clare
Martin, Denis
Colvin, Lesley A.
Smith, Blair H.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Disease in Childhood

BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in paediatric populations is common yet, to date, there has been no synthesis of the evidence of its effectiveness in that population. This overview of systematic review evaluates the evidence for or against the effectiveness of CAM for any childhood condition. METHODS: Medline, AMED and Cochrane were searched from inception until September 2009. Reference lists of retrieved articles were hand-searched. Experts in the field of CAM were contacted. No language restrictions were applied.

Author(s): 
Hunt, Katherine
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity.

Author(s): 
Geneen, Louise J.
Moore, R. Andrew
Clarke, Clare
Martin, Denis
Colvin, Lesley A.
Smith, Blair H.
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Bibliographic databases are the primary resource for identifying systematic reviews of health care interventions. Reliable retrieval of systematic reviews depends on the scope of indexing used by database providers. Therefore, searching one database may be insufficient, but it is unclear how many need to be searched. We sought to evaluate the performance of seven major bibliographic databases for the identification of systematic reviews for hypertension.

Author(s): 
Rathbone, John
Carter, Matt
Hoffmann, Tammy
Glasziou, Paul
Publication Title: 
BMC pulmonary medicine

BACKGROUND: This paper reviews evidence and quality of Systematic Reviews (SRs) on the effects of breathing control exercises (BCEs) and respiratory muscle training (RMT) on breathlessness/dyspnea and other symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A search for BCE and RMT literature in COPD published between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2013 was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, Cochrane and PEDro. The AMSTAR criteria were used to evaluate quality.

Author(s): 
Borge, Christine Råheim
Hagen, Kåre Birger
Mengshoel, Anne Marit
Omenaas, Ernst
Moum, Torbjørn
Wahl, Astrid Klopstad
Publication Title: 
Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Vasomotor symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats are a common concern of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women and are associated with a decreased quality of life. These symptoms can be effectively managed with hormone therapy, but safety concerns limit its use. Thus, understanding the effectiveness of nonpharmacologic therapies such as acupuncture or yoga is critical to managing these common symptoms in older women.

Author(s): 
Goldstein, Karen M.
McDuffie, Jennifer R.
Shepherd-Banigan, Megan
Befus, Deanna
Coeytaux, Remy R.
Van Noord, Megan G.
Goode, Adam P.
Masilamani, Varsha
Adam, Soheir
Nagi, Avishek
Williams, John W.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress.

Author(s): 
Payne, Cathy
Wiffen, Philip J.
Martin, Suzanne
Publication Title: 
Psychology, Health & Medicine

The Health Belief Model provides a framework to understand motivators for volunteering for medical research. Motivators can take the form of social and personal benefits. In this systematic review of review articles, we contrast motivators of participation in actual cancer trials to those in actual HIV vaccine trials. We retrieved eight review articles from 2000 to 2012 examining motivators to participation in actual cancer trials.

Author(s): 
Dhalla, Shayesta
Poole, Gary
Publication Title: 
Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira (1992)

The inadequacy of most of traditional sources for medical information, like textbook and review article, do not sustained the clinical decision based on the best evidence current available, exposing the patient to a unnecessary risk. Although not integrated around clinical problem areas in the convenient way of textbooks, current best evidence from specific studies of clinical problems can be found in an increasing number of Internet and electronic databases.

Author(s): 
Bernardo, Wanderley Marques
Nobre, Moacyr Roberto Cuce
Jatene, Fábio Biscegli
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To conduct a pilot study to compare the frequency of errors that accompany single vs. double data extraction, compare the estimate of treatment effect derived from these methods, and compare the time requirements for these methods. METHODS: Reviewers were randomized to the role of data extractor or data verifier, and were blind to the study hypothesis. The frequency of errors associated with each method of data extraction was compared using the McNemar test.

Author(s): 
Buscemi, Nina
Hartling, Lisa
Vandermeer, Ben
Tjosvold, Lisa
Klassen, Terry P.

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