Review

Publication Title: 
Phytochemistry

Nine hydrolyzable tannins, including three previously unknown and six artifacts, were isolated, together with thirty-nine known ones, from the fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae). They were identified as 1,2,3-tri-O-galloyl-6-O-cinnamoyl-?-d-glucose, 1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-4-O-cinnamoyl-?-d-glucose, 4-O-(2?,4?-di-O-galloyl-?-l-rhamnosyl)ellagic acid, 1'-O-methyl neochebulanin, dimethyl neochebulinate, 6'-O-methyl neochebulagate, dimethyl neochebulagate, dimethyl 4'-epi-neochebulagate, and methyl chebulagate by the spectroscopic interpretation.

Author(s): 
Lee, Dong Young
Kim, Hyun Woo
Yang, Heejung
Sung, Sang Hyun
Publication Title: 
Oncology Letters

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is one of the most common causes of cancer-associated mortality in Thailand. Certain phytochemicals have been demonstrated to modulate apoptotic signaling pathways, which may be targeted for the prevention and treatment of cancer. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of specific medicinal plants on the inhibition of CCA cell proliferation, and to identify the molecular mechanisms underlying this.

Author(s): 
Leelawat, Surang
Leelawat, Kawin
Publication Title: 
Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR

INTRODUCTION: From the oral health perspective, it is well established that microorganisms have an important role in caries aetiology. From the dawn of civilization, herbal plants have served an array of roles. Triphala a tradtional herbal Ayurvedic formula consists of three native fruits of india including Terminalia Chebula (T. chebula), Terminalia Bellirica (T. bellirica) and Embilica Officinalis (E. officinalis). As per Ayurvedic Formulary of India (AFI) Triphala is prepared by combining a 1:1:1 mixture of ground dry fruits called myrobalans.

Author(s): 
Saxena, Smariti
Lakshminarayan, Nagesh
Gudli, Shanmukha
Kumar, Manish
Publication Title: 
Biochemistry and Cell Biology = Biochimie Et Biologie Cellulaire

Inhibition of angiogenesis is a useful strategy to prevent cancer growth, which targets new vessels that grow to nourish actively proliferating tumor cells. Endothelial cells can use a number of different pathways to cause angiogenesis and each step in these pathways can be targeted. The use of multi targeted drugs is gaining much importance in this scenario. Our previous results have shown the anti angiogenic effect of Chebulagic acid - a benzopyran tannin present in the fruits of Terminalia chebula.

Author(s): 
Athira, A. P.
Abhinand, C. S.
Saja, K.
Helen, A.
Reddanna, P.
Sudhakaran, Perumana R.
Publication Title: 
IET nanobiotechnology

A novel combination of titanium oxide (TiO2)/gold (Au)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposite (NC) was synthesised by sol- gel method. MWCNT functionalisation by modified Hummers method. TiO2/Au nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised by biological method using Terminalia chebula bark extract. MWCNT/TiO2/Au NC samples were characterised by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible-diffuse reflectance spectra, microRaman, scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution-transmission electron microscopy analyses.

Author(s): 
Karthika, Viswanathan
Arumugam, Ayyakannu
Publication Title: 
PloS One

In recent years the emergence of multiple drug resistance microbes has become a global public health problem. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate possible antibiofilm efficacy of a gallotannin 1,2,6-tri-O-galloyl-?-D-glucopyranose from Terminalia chebula fruits alone and in combination with gentamicin and trimethoprim against preformed biofilms of multidrug-resistant (MDR) uropathogenic E. coli isolates using microbroth dilution, checkerboard titration and kill kinetics methods.

Author(s): 
Bag, Anwesa
Chattopadhyay, Rabi Ranjan
Publication Title: 
Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders

BACKGROUND: Quinolinic acid (QA) is a product of tryptophan degradation and its pathologic accumulation has been found to induce neuroinflammatory and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis via excessive free radicals generation. Recent studies showed that Terminalia chebula has several pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. The aim of this study was evaluation of the protective effect of T. chebula alcoholic extract (TCAE) on oxidative PC12 and OLN-93 cells death induced by QA.

Author(s): 
Sadeghnia, Hamid R.
Jamshidi, Roya
Afshari, Amir R.
Mollazadeh, Hamid
Forouzanfar, Fatemeh
Rakhshandeh, Hasan
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the common neurodegenerative disorders among elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine the neuroprotective effect and mechanisms of action underlying the Terminalia chebula extracts and ellagic acid by using beta-amyloid25-35 (A?25-35)-induced cell toxicity in an undifferentiated pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The T. chebula extracts were prepared using the methanol, water, and 95% ethanol. Specifically, the ellagic acid was obtained in our laboratory.

Author(s): 
Shen, Yuh-Chiang
Juan, Chi-Wen
Lin, Che-San
Chen, Chien-Chih
Chang, Chia-Lin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

AIM: The aim of this article is to review the current literature on the therapeutic uses and efficacy of Triphala. Herbal remedies are among the most ancient medicines used in traditional systems of healthcare such as Ayurveda. Triphala, a well-recognized and highly efficacious polyherbal Ayurvedic medicine consisting of fruits of the plant species Emblica officinalis (Amalaki), Terminalia bellerica (Bibhitaki), and Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), is a cornerstone of gastrointestinal and rejuvenative treatment. METHODS: A search of the PubMed database was conducted.

Author(s): 
Peterson, Christine Tara
Denniston, Kate
Chopra, Deepak
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews

The present review/perspectives article provides a short overview of our current understanding of the molecular genetics of personality. In the first part, the most important gene candidates such as COMT or SLC6A4 gene are presented. Since several seminal review studies have recently been published on different facets of molecular genetics and personality/emotionality, we focus the second half of the present article on new relevant research directions. This includes a stronger focus on animal research based testing of candidate genes (e.g.

Author(s): 
Montag, Christian
Reuter, Martin

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