Self-incompatibility in the genus Prunus is controlled by two genes at the S-locus, S-RNase and SFB. Both genes exhibit the high polymorphism and high sequence diversity characteristic of plant self-incompatibility systems. Deduced polypeptide sequences of three myrobalan and three domestic plum S-RNases showed over 97% identity with S-RNases from other Prunus species, including almond, sweet cherry, Japanese apricot and Japanese plum. The second intron, which is generally highly polymorphic between alleles was also remarkably well conserved within these S-allele pairs.
1. The activities of protein disulphide-isomerase (PDI) and thioredoxin in catalysing disulphide bond isomerization in a protein substrate were compared by using the standard assay, namely the re-activation of 'scrambled' RNAase. 2. The specific activity of PDI was 25-fold greater than that of thioredoxin. 3. The greater efficiency of PDI compared with thioredoxin is considered to be due more to the presence of multiple catalytic domains in PDI than to differences in their active-site sequences. 4.
European Journal of Endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies
OBJECTIVE: In malnutrition both the GH-IGF and reproductive axes are greatly affected. Because the actions of IGF and sex steroids are inter-dependent in many tissues, we have examined how ovariectomy modulates the response of the systemic IGF system to undernutrition. DESIGN AND METHODS: Peripubertal (30 days of age) female rats were either sham operated or ovariectomized. Five days later half of each group was submitted to a protein-caloric restriction diet. All rats were killed at 60 days of age.
Changes in chemokine receptor expression are important in determining T cell migration and the subsequent immune response. To better understand the contribution of the chemokine system in immune senescence we determined the effect of aging on CD4(+) T cell chemokine receptor function using microarray, RNase protection assays, Western blot, and in vitro chemokine transmigration assays. Freshly isolated CD4(+) cells from aged (20-22 mo) mice were found to express a higher level of CCR1, 2, 4, 5, 6, and 8 and CXCR2-5, and a lower level of CCR7 and 9 than those from young (3-4 mo) animals.
BACKGROUND: Emerging studies have demonstrated that pretreatment with electroacupuncture (EA) induces significant tolerance to focal cerebral ischemia. The present study seeks to determine the involvement of monocyte chemotactic protein-induced protein 1 (MCPIP1), a recently identified novel modulator of inflammatory reactions, in the cerebral neuroprotection conferred by EA pretreatment in the animal model of focal cerebral ischemia and to elucidate the mechanisms of EA pretreatment-induced ischemic brain tolerance.