RNA, Ribosomal, 18S

Publication Title: 
Environmental Microbiology

Mycoplasms are known as pathogens of economic and medical interest in plants, animals and man. Here, we show a positive correlation between the presence of Mycoplasma-like symbionts in their isopod hosts and survivorship on low-quality food. Most isopods that survived feeding on a cellulose-based low-quality diet for 90 days harboured 'Candidatus Hepatoplasma' in their midgut glands, while those that died within 90 days mostly either harboured no or other bacterial symbionts.

Author(s): 
Fraune, Sebastian
Zimmer, Martin
Publication Title: 
Emerging Infectious Diseases

The phylum Apicomplexa comprises intracellular protozoa that include many human pathogens. Their nearest relatives are chromerids and colpodellids. We report a case of a Babesia spp.-like relapsing infection caused by a newly described microorganism related to the Apicomplexa. This case is highly suggestive of a previously undescribed type of colpodellid that infects vertebrates.

Author(s): 
Yuan, Cong L.
Keeling, Patrick J.
Krause, Peter J.
Horak, Ales
Bent, Stephen
Rollend, Lindsay
Hua, Xiu G.
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

In Ayurveda and Thai traditional medicines, material from Coscinium fenestratum is commonly prescribed as active ingredients with diverse therapeutic purposes. However, C. fenestratum is also a seriously endangered medicinal liana. Thus, its crude material is very rare and is being substituted with substances from Arcangelisia flava or Fibraurea tinctoria (Menispermaceae), which have high morphological similarity.

Author(s): 
Watthanachaiyingcharoen, Rith
Komatsu, Katsuko
Zhu, Shu
Vajragupta, Opa
Leelamanit, Wichet
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

In Ayurveda and Thai traditional medicines, material from Coscinium fenestratum is commonly prescribed as active ingredients with diverse therapeutic purposes. However, C. fenestratum is also a seriously endangered medicinal liana. Thus, its crude material is very rare and is being substituted with substances from Arcangelisia flava or Fibraurea tinctoria (Menispermaceae), which have high morphological similarity.

Author(s): 
Watthanachaiyingcharoen, Rith
Komatsu, Katsuko
Zhu, Shu
Vajragupta, Opa
Leelamanit, Wichet
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Ephedrae herba has been used in traditional Chinese and Japanese (Kampo) medicine from ancient times, with the primary resource being in China. In the present study, a field survey as well as molecular and chemical assessments were conducted on Ephedra plants in Mongolia to clarify whether they could be an alternative resource of the Ephedrae herba used in Japanese Kampo medicine. Ephedra sinica, E. equisetina, E. przewalskii, E. regeliana, E.

Author(s): 
Kitani, Yuki
Zhu, Shu
Omote, Takayuki
Tanaka, Ken
Batkhuu, Javzan
Sanchir, Chinbat
Fushimi, Hirotoshi
Mikage, Masayuki
Komatsu, Katsuko
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