RNA Stability

Publication Title: 
Ageing Research Reviews

In this review, we describe recent advances in the field of RNA regulatory biology and relate these advances to aging science. We introduce a new term, RNA surveillance, an RNA regulatory process that is conserved in metazoans, and describe how RNA surveillance represents molecular cross-talk between two emerging RNA regulatory systems-RNA interference and RNA editing. We discuss how RNA surveillance mechanisms influence mRNA and microRNA expression and activity during lifespan.

Author(s): 
Montano, Monty
Long, Kimberly
Publication Title: 
Molecular and Cellular Biology

The AU-rich elements (AREs) encoded within many mRNA 3' untranslated regions (3'UTRs) are targets for factors that control transcript longevity and translational efficiency. Hsp70, best known as a protein chaperone with well-defined peptide-refolding properties, is known to interact with ARE-like RNA substrates in vitro. Here, we show that cofactor-free preparations of Hsp70 form direct, high-affinity complexes with ARE substrates based on specific recognition of U-rich sequences by both the ATP- and peptide-binding domains.

Author(s): 
Kishor, Aparna
Tandukar, Bishal
Ly, Yann V.
Toth, Eric A.
Suarez, Yvelisse
Brewer, Gary
Wilson, Gerald M.
Publication Title: 
Circulation

BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a pivotal role in atherosclerosis. In addition to being a risk marker for cardiovascular disease, much recent data suggest that C-reactive protein (CRP) promotes atherogenesis via effects on monocytes and endothelial cells. The metabolic syndrome is associated with significantly elevated levels of CRP. Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a marker of atherothrombosis, is also elevated in the metabolic syndrome and in diabetes, and endothelial cells are the major source of PAI-1.

Author(s): 
Devaraj, Sridevi
Xu, Dan Yan
Jialal, Ishwarlal
Publication Title: 
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

OBJECTIVE: C-Reactive protein (CRP), a cardiovascular risk marker, could also participate in atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic plaques express CRP and interleukin (IL)-10, a major antiinflammatory cytokine. IL-10 deficiency results in increased lesion formation, whereas IL-10 delivery attenuates lesions. We tested the effect of CRP on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IL-10 secretion in human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDMs).

Author(s): 
Singh, Uma
Devaraj, Sridevi
Dasu, Mohan R.
Ciobanu, Dana
Reusch, Jane
Jialal, Ishwarlal
Publication Title: 
Molecular Biology of the Cell

Maintenance of intestinal mucosal epithelial integrity requires polyamines that modulate the expression of various genes involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Recently, polyamines were shown to regulate the subcellular localization of the RNA-binding protein HuR, which stabilizes its target transcripts such as nucleophosmin and p53 mRNAs. The activating transcription factor-2 (ATF-2) mRNA encodes a member of the ATF/CRE-binding protein family of transcription factors and was computationally predicted to be a target of HuR.

Author(s): 
Xiao, Lan
Rao, Jaladanki N.
Zou, Tongtong
Liu, Lan
Marasa, Bernard S.
Chen, Jie
Turner, Douglas J.
Zhou, Huiping
Gorospe, Myriam
Wang, Jian-Ying
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lipid Research

The 3'untranslated region (UTR) of human LDL receptor (LDLR) mRNA contains three AU-rich elements (AREs) responsible for rapid mRNA turnover and mediates the stabilization induced by berberine (BBR). However, the identities of the specific RNA binding proteins involved in the regulation of LDLR mRNA stability at the steady state level or upon BBR treatment are unknown.

Author(s): 
Li, Hai
Chen, Wei
Zhou, Yue
Abidi, Parveen
Sharpe, Orr
Robinson, William H.
Kraemer, Fredric B.
Liu, Jingwen
Publication Title: 
Gastroenterology

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic de-differentiation, liver development, and malignant transformation are processes in which the levels of hepatic S-adenosylmethionine are tightly regulated by 2 genes: methionine adenosyltransferase 1A (MAT1A) and methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A). MAT1A is expressed in the adult liver, whereas MAT2A expression primarily is extrahepatic and is associated strongly with liver proliferation. The mechanisms that regulate these expression patterns are not completely understood.

Author(s): 
Vázquez-Chantada, Mercedes
Fernández-Ramos, David
Embade, Nieves
Martínez-López, Nuria
Varela-Rey, Marta
Woodhoo, Ashwin
Luka, Zigmund
Wagner, Conrad
Anglim, Paul P.
Finnell, Richard H.
Caballeria, Juan
Laird-Offringa, Ite A.
Gorospe, Myriam
Lu, Shelly C.
Mato, José M.
Martínez-Chantar, M. Luz
Publication Title: 
Journal of Lipid Research

PCSK9 degrades LDL receptor (LDLR) in liver and thereby influences the circulating level of LDL cholesterol. Hence, mechanisms inhibiting PCSK9 expression have potential for cholesterol-lowering intervention. Previously, we demonstrated that oncostatin M (OM) activates LDLR gene transcription, resulting in an increased LDL uptake in HepG2 cells and a reduction of plasma LDL in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. Here we identify the suppression of PCSK9 expression by OM as one new mechanism that increases LDLR protein in HepG2 cells.

Author(s): 
Cao, Aiqin
Wu, Minhao
Li, Hai
Liu, Jingwen
Publication Title: 
Genes and Immunity

γδ T cells function in innate and adaptive immunity and are primed for secondary responses by procyanidin components of unripe apple peel (APP). In this study, we investigate the effects of APP and purified procyanidins on γδ T-cell gene expression. A microarray analysis was performed on bovine γδ T cells treated with APP; increases in transcripts encoding granulocyte-monocyte colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-8 and IL-17, but not markers of TCR stimulation such as IFNγ, were observed.

Author(s): 
Daughenbaugh, K. F.
Holderness, J.
Graff, J. C.
Hedges, J. F.
Freedman, B.
Graff, J. W.
Jutila, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies showed that low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) mRNA 3' untranslated region (UTR) contains regulatory elements responsible for rapid mRNA turnover in hepatic cells and mediates the mRNA stabilization induced by berberine (BBR). Here, we elucidate the underlying mechanism of BBR's action by characterizing mRNA-binding proteins that modulate LDLR mRNA decay via 3'UTR in liver tissue in vivo.

Author(s): 
Singh, Amar Bahadur
Li, Hai
Kan, Chin Fung Kelvin
Dong, Bin
Nicolls, Mark R.
Liu, Jingwen

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