Robotics

Publication Title: 
Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Robots are present in surgery, to a much lesser extent in the field of anesthesia. The purpose of this review is to show the latest and most important findings in robotic anesthesia. Moreover, this review argues the importance and utility of robots in anesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the years, many closed-loop systems have been developed; they were able to control only one or two of the three components of anesthesia: hypnosis, analgesia, or muscle relaxation. McSleepy controls all three components of anesthesia, from induction to emergence of anesthesia.

Author(s): 
Hemmerling, Thomas M.
Terrasini, Nora
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing

To control the three components of general anesthesia (hypnosis, analgesia, and neuromuscular blockade), an automated closed-loop, anesthesia-drug delivery system (McSleepy) was developed. Bispectral index was used as the control variable for hypnosis, the analgoscore for analgesia, and phonomyography for neuromuscular blockade. McSleepy can be used to control the induction, maintenance and emergence from general anesthesia.

Author(s): 
Wehbe, Mohamad
Arbeid, Erik
Cyr, Shantale
Mathieu, Pierre A.
Taddei, Riccardo
Morse, Joshua
Hemmerling, Thomas M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Ayurvedic oil-dripping treatment, Shirodhara, involves the use of medicated herbal sesame oils. In our previous reports, we found that Shirodhara with plain sesame oil induced anxiolysis and an altered state of consciousness (ASC) in healthy subjects. We studied the pharmaco-physio-psychologic effect of Shirodhara with medicated sesame oil including an essential oil from Lavendula angustifolia (lavender) in the present study.

Author(s): 
Xu, Fenghao
Uebaba, Kazuo
Ogawa, Hiroko
Tatsuse, Takeshi
Wang, Bing-Hong
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Venkatraman, Sonia
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Ayurvedic oil-dripping treatment, Shirodhara, involves the use of medicated herbal sesame oils. In our previous reports, we found that Shirodhara with plain sesame oil induced anxiolysis and an altered state of consciousness (ASC) in healthy subjects. We studied the pharmaco-physio-psychologic effect of Shirodhara with medicated sesame oil including an essential oil from Lavendula angustifolia (lavender) in the present study.

Author(s): 
Xu, Fenghao
Uebaba, Kazuo
Ogawa, Hiroko
Tatsuse, Takeshi
Wang, Bing-Hong
Hisajima, Tatsuya
Venkatraman, Sonia
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Serial dissection of porcine motion segments during robotic control of vertebral kinematics. OBJECTIVE: To identify which spinal tissues are loaded in response to manual therapy (manipulation and mobilization) and to what magnitude. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Various theoretical constructs attempt to explain how manual therapies load specific spinal tissues.

Author(s): 
Kawchuk, Gregory N.
Carrasco, Alejandro
Beecher, Grayson
Goertzen, Darrell
Prasad, Narasimha
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery

PURPOSE: Oral disorders such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and dry mouth are common and often require treatment. Maxillofacial massage is used as a complementary and alternative therapy for these disorders. We developed an oral rehabilitation robot that massages the maxillofacial tissues for this purpose. In this paper, we propose a control system for oral rehabilitation robots. METHOD: The control system consists of a massage path generator, virtual compliance calculator, and inverse kinematics calculator.

Author(s): 
Ishii, Hiroyuki
Koga, Hiroki
Obokawa, Yuichi
Solis, Jorge
Takanishi, Atsuo
Katsumata, Akitoshi
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

The objective of the present study was to develop a complex of rehabilitative measures for the treatment of the patients presenting with shoulder impingement syndrome including the combined application of the robotic technology based on the Multi-Joint System (Italy) in conjunction with physical therapy and massage. In addition, we estimated dynamics of the "American assessment shoulder and elbow surgery" test, the shoulder score index, the range of motion in the shoulder joint on the affected side with the help of the Multi-Joint System.

Author(s): 
Tsvetkova, E. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Physiology, Paris

The synthesis of human motion is a complex procedure that involves accurate reconstruction of movement sequences, modeling of musculoskeletal kinematics, dynamics and actuation, and characterization of reliable performance criteria. Many of these processes have much in common with the problems found in robotics research. Task-based methods used in robotics may be leveraged to provide novel musculoskeletal modeling methods and physiologically accurate performance predictions.

Author(s): 
Khatib, O.
Demircan, E.
De Sapio, V.
Sentis, L.
Besier, T.
Delp, S.
Publication Title: 
Women's Health (London, England)

Minimally invasive surgery is one of the newest and most exciting areas of development in procedural medicine. This field shows tremendous potential to increase therapeutic benefit while minimizing some of the painful or dangerous side effects of surgical interventions. Minimally invasive surgery has strong historic ties to the field of gynecology and has come a long way as technology and techniques have improved. This has increasingly allowed the application of laparoscopy to more complex procedures and the treatment of gynecologic malignancies.

Author(s): 
Jernigan, Amelia M.
Auer, Melinda
Fader, Amanda N.
Escobar, Pedro F.
Publication Title: 
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice

The purpose of this case report is to describe attempts to prevent skin-related adverse events from occurring and protect the skin once breakdown occurred in a person with chronic stroke during locomotor training. There is scant literature in how to address skin during locomotor training with the Lokomat(®), particularly when a patient presents with sensory deficits and frail skin. The patient was a 75-year-old male survivor of stroke who participated in the Lokomat(®) group of a randomized clinical pilot study comparing locomotor training with the Lokomat(®) and conventional means.

Author(s): 
Kelley, Carolyn P.
Childress, Jason
Noser, Elizabeth A.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Robotics