Role

Publication Title: 
MÈdecine Sciences: M/S

In half a century, the number of nonagenarians and/or centenarians has dramatically increased, particularly due to the increase in life expectancy at old age. However, successful aging is more important than longevity. All along their life, people can act to preserve their health, their physical and mental abilities as well as their autonomy. This requires a healthy diet, having physical and intellectual appropriate activities and a right use of medical care. Finally, maintaining a social role and a raison d'Ítre in old age are also major factors in successful aging.

Author(s): 
Berr, Claudine
Balard, FrÈdÈric
Blain, Hubert
Robine, Jean-Marie
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

Skene and Parker are demonstrably mistaken in suggesting that the amicus role of Catholic bishops in three cases has been concerned with "developing" the law. In contrast with Skene and Parker's freestanding conception of legal principle, the Catholic understanding of law's rational moral foundations has permitted Catholic bishops to defend longstanding legal principle as well as defending the integrity of the church's health care and welfare services.

Author(s): 
Gormally, L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Personality Assessment

Forty-three medical students and 78 nursing students each filled out four copies of the Interpersonal Check List. The subjects described self, ideal self as physician or nurse, and typical and ideal work partner. For each questionnaire the two summary scores Dom and Lov were computed. The results indicate a discrepancy between concepts of self and ideal self and the results also point to considerable disagreement between medical students and nursing students about their roles on the physician-nurse team.

Author(s): 
Rein, I.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Psychiatry

The authors present a collaborative treatment model designed to help the closely merged, troubled lesbian relationship. Therapeutic techniques focus on change in territorial, temporal, monetary, cognitive, emotional, and environmental space. A case example illustrates the interventions, which include individual and conjoint work, collaboration between therapists, education, bibliotherapy, referral to gay community resources, and specific suggestions for behavior change.

Author(s): 
Kaufman, P. A.
Harrison, E.
Hyde, M. L.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Medical Psychology

Against the current climate of hospital closure programmes and community care, attitudes to caregiving were examined in three groups of carers, namely mothers caring for a mentally handicapped child, mothers caring for a mentally handicapped adult and daughters caring for a parent with dementia. An 'attitude questionnaire' was developed by the author and administered, postally, to the three groups. Daughters were found to be more likely than the mothers to see their caring role in a negative way and were more inclined to favour institutional care.

Author(s): 
Whittick, J. E.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

The words 'nurse' and 'nursing' originate in the word 'nurture' which dates back to the 14th century. 'Nurturance' appeared for the first time in the 1976 Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary and in a United States dictionary in 1983. Etymologically and semantically bound to nursing, little is known about the term nurturance.

Author(s): 
Geissler, E. M.
Publication Title: 
Women & Health

Although previous research shows that adult women in intimate relations tend to enjoy better health than women without partners, this study finds the opposite tends to be true for late adolescent women. We followed a college entering class prospectively for 4 years and measured romantic involvement and various aspects of health and illness behavior in a questionnaire. Health service use was determined from the medical record, and disaggregated into distress and health maintenance visits, as well as visits expressly for psychological counseling.

Author(s): 
Riessman, C. K.
Whalen, M. H.
Frost, R. O.
Morgenthau, J. E.
Publication Title: 
Oncology Nursing Forum

Phenomenological interviews with 23 nurses and more than 200 hours of participant observation on units of one cancer hospital were conducted to obtain a better understanding of how nurses caring for patients with cancer view their work. When asked to discuss a "critical incident" that captures the essence of oncology nursing for them, most nurses described acute physiologic emergencies. A few nurses described psychosocial needs and explained how they had helped or were unable to help patients and families deal with these needs.

Author(s): 
Cohen, M. Z.
Sarter, B.
Publication Title: 
AWHONN's clinical issues in perinatal and women's health nursing

An intimate partner's initiation of forced sex may signal the escalation of tyranny in physically abusive relationships and failed plans to obtain mutual consent for sexual intercourse in dating relationships. Providers of obstetric and gynecologic care are in strategic positions for primary detection of and intervention in physical and sexual abuse. To assist nurses with the understanding of women's responses to abuse and to enhance implementation of interventions, this article describes the dynamics of and a process for intervening in such abuses.

Author(s): 
Kennedy, P. H.
Publication Title: 
Western Journal of Nursing Research

Naturalistic inquiry was used to compare the characteristics of families of origin of homeless women with never-homeless women. The women's experiences in their families of origin were explored during in-depth interviews using Lofland and Lofland's conceptions of meanings, practices, episodes, roles, and relationships to guide the analysis. The two groups were similar with respect to family abuse history, transience, and loss.

Author(s): 
Anderson, D. G.
Imle, M. A.

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