Russia

Publication Title: 
Voprosy Onkologii

There is a considerable variation in individual lifespan among cancer patients with identical diagnosis. We used damped exponential approximation, which includes both single- and double-compartment extension, for radiobiological assessment of survival curves among cases of breast, lung and oro-pharyngeal cancer. It was shown that in certain cases (breast--T2N1-2M0T3N1-2M0 and oro-pharyngeal cancer--T2-4N1-3M0) the curves can be identified with the two compartments which in turn are associated with different rates of mortality.

Author(s): 
Bochkareva, T. N.
Ekimova, L. P.
Nemkova, E. V.
Sokurenko, V. P.
Shutko, A. N.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Gerontology = Uspekhi Gerontologii / Rossi?skai?a Akademii?a Nauk, Gerontologicheskoe Obshchestvo

We studied the basic indicators of immune status of healthy persons of different age groups living in the monsoon climate in the southern Far East. The analysis shows age-dependent development of immunodepressive status, combined with increasing levels of CD16, CD25 and HLA-DR in the aging organism. Climatic and anthropogenic factors effect profoundly damaging on the body, which results in the severity of disorders of the immune system in old, old age and longevity.

Author(s): 
Gvozdenko, T. A.
Kytikova, O. Iu
Vitkina, T. I.
Borshchev, P. V.
Publication Title: 
Tsitologiia

Interdisciplinary study of telomere length, polymorphism of genes of renin-angiotensin (ACE) and serotonin (5HTR2A and 5HTTPR) systems in population of aged and old inhabitants of the North-West of Russia was conducted, in their relations to data from clinical and geriatric anamnesis, and psychological functioning. Regular link between telomere length and respondent's age was demonstrated in subgroups of old respondents and long-livers, by method of factor analysis.

Author(s): 
Smirnova, T. Iu
Runov, A. L.
Vonski?, M. S.
Spivak, D. L.
Zakharchuk, A. G.
Mikhel'son, V. M.
Spivak, I. M.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia
Author(s): 
Mustafaev, Kh I.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia
Author(s): 
Mustafaev, Kh I.
Publication Title: 
Vestnik Akademii meditsinskikh nauk SSSR

Current theoretical concepts of gerontological dietetics have been analysed. Elaboration of rational nutrition patterns for the old should rest on the age-specific metabolic and functional changes in the organism. A possibility of influencing the acid-base balance of the blood, immunity, and intestinal microflora by means of a goal-oriented diet has been demonstrated.

Author(s): 
Grigorov, Iu G.
Kozlovskaia, S. G.
Medovar, B. Ia
Semes'ko, T. M.
Sineok, L. L.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Utilizing data from the nationwide Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS), this paper analyzes health lifestyles in Russia. Heavy alcohol use and smoking, a high-fat diet, and lack of leisure-time exercise are the principal culprits in fostering high rates of heart disease and other causes of premature mortality. This is especially the situation for middle-age, working-class males whose mortality is greater than any other segment of society.

Author(s): 
Cockerham, W. C.
Publication Title: 
Advances in Gerontology = Uspekhi Gerontologii / Rossi?skai?a Akademii?a Nauk, Gerontologicheskoe Obshchestvo

Current state-of-art and tendencies in the world gerontology and most important results of Russian researchers in the field are presented in the analytical review.

Author(s): 
Anisimov, V. N.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Author(s): 
Gold, Diane R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Analytical Psychology

The author presents the available information concerning the eminent Russian psychoanalyst Sabina Spielrein, who originally developed the idea of destruction. A major part of the article, which concerns today's popular following of C. G. Jung and S. Freud, is based on documents in the Russian (Moscow) archives, and touches upon the least known periods and facts of her tragic life and of her creative activity.

Author(s): 
Ovcharenko, V.

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