American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) minimizes alcohol hepatotoxicity; however, the molecular mechanisms responsible for SAM hepatoprotection remain unknown. Herein, we use proteomics to determine whether the hepatoprotective action of SAM against early-stage alcoholic liver disease is linked to alterations in the mitochondrial proteome. For this, male rats were fed control or ethanol-containing liquid diets +/- SAM and liver mitochondria were prepared for proteomic analysis.
Chronic inflammation is an underlying risk factor for colon cancer. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) plays a critical role in the development of inflammation-induced colon cancer in a mouse model. S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) and its metabolite methylthioadenosine (MTA) can inhibit lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-α expression in macrophages. The aim of this work was to examine whether SAMe and MTA are effective in preventing inflammation-induced colon cancer and if so identify signaling pathways affected.
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the impact of S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) on homocysteine and potential risk of adverse cardiovascular effects by examining plasma levels of SAMe, S-adenosyl homocysteine (SAH), total homocysteine (tHCY), methionine (MET), and 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-MTHF) in 35 of 73 patients from a 6-week randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of SAMe augmentation in serotonin reuptake inhibitor partial responders with DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD), published in 2010.
Rats were fed diets with and without 0.5% L-cysteine supplement for 14 d or shorter periods to clarify the mechanism by which dietary cysteine elicits its hypohomocysteinemic effect. Cysteine supplementation significantly decreased plasma homocysteine concentration with an increase in plasma cysteine concentration in rats fed 10% casein diet (10C) or 15% soybean protein diet (15S) but not in rats fed 25% casein diet (25C) or 25% soybean protein diet.
B vitamin deficiencies lead to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia, which has been associated with health and disease. However, concomitant derangements in cellular methylation, reflected by altered plasma S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) or S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) concentrations, may be the primary cause. Therefore, we identified determinants of homocysteine, SAM, and SAH concentrations in 336 women, aged 20-48 y, as part of a large study focusing on risk factors for reproductive disorders.