Schizophrenic Psychology

Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia frequently undergo a disturbance of body experience. This can occur during an acute psychotic phase or during a period of remission. AIM: To investigate the scientific evidence of the effects of introducing body-directed techniques into psychomotor therapy for patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, psycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched form 1 January, 2000, tot 1 January 2011, for reports of randomised controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and for studies wit a different design.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
Demunter, H.
Peuskens, J.
de Hert, M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: The health benefits of physical activity and exercise are well documented and these effects could help people with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the mental health effects of exercise/physical activity programmes for people with schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (December 2008) which is based on regular searches of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE and PsycINFO. We also inspected references within relevant papers.

Author(s): 
Gorczynski, Paul
Faulkner, Guy
Publication Title: 
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary treatment on general psychopathology, positive and negative symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) for people with schizophrenia. METHOD: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were considered whether they investigated a yoga intervention in patients with schizophrenia. The selection of studies, data extraction and quality assessment were performed independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Only three RCTs met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Vansteelandt, K.
Scheewe, T.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
De Herdt, A.
de Hert, M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Yoga is an ancient spiritual practice that originated in India and is currently accepted in the Western world as a form of relaxation and exercise. It has been of interest for people with schizophrenia to determine its efficacy as an adjunct to standard-care treatment. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of yoga versus standard care for people with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Broderick, Julie
Knowles, Abigail
Chadwick, Jonathan
Vancampfort, Davy
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia frequently undergo a disturbance of body experience. This can occur during an acute psychotic phase or during a period of remission. AIM: To investigate the scientific evidence of the effects of introducing body-directed techniques into psychomotor therapy for patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, psycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched form 1 January, 2000, tot 1 January 2011, for reports of randomised controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and for studies wit a different design.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
Demunter, H.
Peuskens, J.
de Hert, M.
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) evolved from behavioral theory and developed to focus more on cognitive models that incorporated reappraisal of thinking errors and schema change strategies. This article will describe the key elements of CBT for schizophrenia and the current evidence of its efficacy and effectiveness. We conclude with a description of recent concepts that extend the theoretical basis of practice and expand the range of CBT strategies for use in schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Tai, Sara
Turkington, Douglas
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Although a decade has passed since the genetics of schizophrenia was examined for the Schizophrenia Bulletin, the epigenetic puzzle of schizophrenia has not yielded its secrets to any scientific break-through. In this article we review a sample of the highlights relevant to enlightened genetic thinking, i.e., a broad diathesis-stressor framework with multifactorial causation assumed and with provision for the epigenetic interaction of psychosocial as well as neurobiological factors.

Author(s): 
Gottesman, I. I.
McGuffin, P.
Farmer, A. E.
Publication Title: 
Praxis Der Kinderpsychologie Und Kinderpsychiatrie

The model of ego development by Loevinger describes an epigenetic series of successive stages comprising increasingly complex styles of impulse control, interpersonal relationships, moral and cognitive reasoning. This model offers an opportunity to explore the structural premises young adults rely on solving their developmental tasks. Controls compared to patients show a significantly superior intrapsychic coping, awareness of social rules and knowledge of interpersonal relations.

Author(s): 
Kapfhammer, H. P.
Neumeier, R.
Scherer, J.
Publication Title: 
European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

This paper is a review of studies examining the neurobehavioral antecedents of schizophrenia which flesh out neurodevelopmental models of schizophrenia by detailing the time course of the ontogeney of neurobehavioral impairments in schizophrenia. A follow back design was used to identify precursors of psychotic symptoms in children with a schizophrenic disorder. The vast majority of children with a schizophrenic disorder had significant developmental delays beginning early in life.

Author(s): 
Asarnow, R. F.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry

Functional capacities, such as attachment and affect regulation, object relations capacity, symbolic function and language development, now documented by neuroscientific research and epigenetics, are reviewed. Results from this research, together with other factors, are posited to have contributed to effective contemporary psychoanalytic and psychotherapeutic treatments for the psychoses and schizophrenias.

Author(s): 
Gibbs, Patricia L.

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