Schools

Publication Title: 
The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society

BACKGROUND: Seven previous systematic reviews (SRs) have evaluated back schools, and one has evaluated brief education, with the latest SR including studies until November 2004. The effectiveness of fear-avoidance training has not been assessed. PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of back schools, brief education, and fear-avoidance training for chronic low back pain (CLBP). STUDY DESIGN: A SR. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database of randomized controlled trials (RCT) until August 2006 for relevant trials reported in English.

Author(s): 
Brox, J. I.
Storheim, K.
Grotle, M.
Tveito, T. H.
Indahl, A.
Eriksen, H. R.
Publication Title: 
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Research on the efficacy of yoga for improving mental, emotional, physical, and behavioral health characteristics in school settings is a recent but growing field of inquiry. This systematic review of research on school-based yoga interventions published in peer-reviewed journals offers a bibliometric analysis that identified 47 publications. The studies from these publications have been conducted primarily in the United States (n = 30) and India (n = 15) since 2005, with the majority of studies (n = 41) conducted from 2010 onward.

Author(s): 
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Butzer, Bethany
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to examine the evidence for delivering yoga-based interventions in schools. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed, published studies in which yoga and a meditative component (breathing practices or meditation) were taught to youths in a school setting. Pilot studies, single cohort, quasi-experimental, and randomized clinical trials were considered. RESEARCH: quality was evaluated and summarized. RESULTS: Twelve published studies were identified.

Author(s): 
Serwacki, Michelle L.
Cook-Cottone, Catherine
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Yoga Therapy

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to examine the evidence for delivering yoga-based interventions in schools. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed, published studies in which yoga and a meditative component (breathing practices or meditation) were taught to youths in a school setting. Pilot studies, single cohort, quasi-experimental, and randomized clinical trials were considered. RESEARCH: quality was evaluated and summarized. RESULTS: Twelve published studies were identified.

Author(s): 
Serwacki, Michelle L.
Cook-Cottone, Catherine
Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Prevalence estimates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) vary according to the diagnostic criteria used and the population sampled. DSM-IV prevalence estimates among school children in the US are 3% to 5%, but other estimates vary from 1.7% to 16.0%. No objective test exists to confirm the diagnosis of ADHD, which remains a clinical diagnosis. Other conditions frequently co-exist with ADHD.

Author(s): 
Keen, Daphne
Hadijikoumi, Irene
Publication Title: 
Schizophrenia Bulletin

Low birth weight (LBW) and hypoxia are among the environmental factors most reliably associated with schizophrenia; however, the nature of this relationship is unclear and both gene-environment interaction and gene-environment covariation models have been proposed as explanations. High-risk (HR) designs that explore whether obstetric complications differentially predict outcomes in offspring at low risk (LR) vs HR for schizophrenia, while accounting for differences in rates of maternal risk factors, may shed light on this question.

Author(s): 
Forsyth, Jennifer K.
Ellman, Lauren M.
Tanskanen, Antti
Mustonen, Ulla
Huttunen, Matti O.
Suvisaari, Jaana
Cannon, Tyrone D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Community Health Nursing

To meet the challenge of preparing nurses for delivery of health care that is directed toward health promotion and focused on populations at the community level, it is critical that academicians develop new methods to educate their students. In this article, I describe an innovative clinical practice model in which an academic-community partnership was created between a college of nursing and a neighborhood grade school and parish.

Author(s): 
Lough, M. A.
Publication Title: 
ReproWatch (Youth Edition)
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

Cannabis consumption is on the rise in the French-speaking Community of Belgium, especially among teenagers. The physical and mental harms related to that drug prompted us to search for factors associated with cannabis consumption. The aim of this paper is thus to identify a series of potential predictors of teenager's cannabis use and particularly the influence of peer and family integration. The data analyzed were taken from the 1998 data bank "Health Behavior in School-Aged Children", an international quantitative cross-national study, which takes place every four years.

Author(s): 
Kohn, Laurence
Kittel, France
Piette, Danielle
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Educational Psychology

BACKGROUND: Connectedness to school is a significant predictor of adolescent health and academic outcomes. While individual predictors of connectedness have been well-described, little is known about school-level factors which may influence connectedness. A school's ecology, or its structural, functional, and built aspects, coupled with interpersonal interactions, may also help to enhance adolescent connectedness. AIM: This study aims to identify school ecological characteristics which predict enhanced connectedness in secondary school.

Author(s): 
Waters, Stacey
Cross, Donna
Shaw, Therese

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