Sciatica

Publication Title: 
European Spine Journal: Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

Patients with a lumbosacral radicular syndrome are mostly treated conservatively first. The effect of the conservative treatments remains controversial. To assess the effectiveness of conservative treatments of the lumbosacral radicular syndrome (sciatica). Relevant electronic databases and the reference lists of articles up to May 2004 were searched. Randomised clinical trials of all types of conservative treatments for patients with the lumbosacral radicular syndrome selected by two reviewers. Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality and the clinical relevance.

Author(s): 
Luijsterburg, Pim A. J.
Verhagen, Arianne P.
Ostelo, Raymond W. J. G.
van Os, Ton A. G.
Peul, Wilco C.
Koes, Bart W.
Publication Title: 
BMJ clinical evidence

INTRODUCTION: Herniated lumbar disc is a displacement of disc material (nucleus pulposus or annulus fibrosis) beyond the intervertebral disc space. The highest prevalence is among people aged 30-50 years, with a male to female ratio of 2:1. There is little evidence to suggest that drug treatments are effective in treating herniated disc. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of drug treatments, non-drug treatments, and surgery for herniated lumbar disc?

Author(s): 
Jordan, Jo
Konstantinou, Kika
O'Dowd, John
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Adequate relief from low-back pain (LBP) is not always possible. Emerging evidence suggests a role for botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injections in treating pain disorders. Proponents of BoNT suggest its properties can decrease muscle spasms, ischemia and inflammatory markers, thereby reducing pain. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of botulinum toxin injections in adults with LBP.

Author(s): 
Waseem, Zeeshan
Boulias, Chris
Gordon, Allan
Ismail, Farooq
Sheean, Geoffrey
Furlan, Andrea D.
Publication Title: 
BMJ open

INTRODUCTION: This systematic review aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating sciatica. METHODS: The following nine databases will be searched from their inception to 30 October 2014: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), the Chinese Medical Current Content (CMCC), the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP database), the Wan-Fang Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Citation Information by National Institute of Informatics (CiNii).

Author(s): 
Qin, Zongshi
Liu, Xiaoxu
Yao, Qin
Zhai, Yanbing
Liu, Zhishun
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica

Organic pathologies with psychoaffective aetiology are numerous, and in all diseases, mental and rational elements are concomitant with the organic situation. Aware of the psycho-dynamic mechanisms he sets in motion by his actions and appreciating those underlying the symptomatology he has to deal with, the hypnologist transcends the overspecialisation of medical science to restore the patient's psycho-physical unitary reality. This explains both the possibilities of hypnositherapy in general medicine and its impassable limits.

Author(s): 
Tozzi, A.
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognosis of patients presenting with acute low back pain (LBP) in a primary care setting in the United States. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Practice guidelines for acute LBP based on return-to-work outcomes underestimate the development of chronic pain in the primary care setting. Because of differences in inclusion criteria, chronic pain definitions, and national health systems, prognostic cohort studies have reported a wide range of results limiting interpretation and generalization.

Author(s): 
Mehling, Wolf E.
Gopisetty, Viranjini
Bartmess, Elizabeth
Acree, Mike
Pressman, Alice
Goldberg, Harley
Hecht, Frederick M.
Carey, Tim
Avins, Andrew L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)
Author(s): 
Burns, S. B.
Burns, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Author(s): 
Skriabin, E. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of massage therapy as a component in increasing range of motion (ROM), decreasing pain and assisting in healing of a client with low back pain (LBP) and sciatica symptoms. METHODS: The client presented with an insidious onset of LBP and pain that radiated into the right lower extremity (sciatica). The client had been experiencing this pain daily for the past 9 months. Frequency, duration, and intensity of symptoms were recorded in a daily diary beginning the day after the client's first visit with the massage therapist.

Author(s): 
Bell, Jada
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of spinal manipulation against microdiskectomy in patients with sciatica secondary to lumbar disk herniation (LDH). METHODS: One hundred twenty patients presenting through elective referral by primary care physicians to neurosurgical spine surgeons were consecutively screened for symptoms of unilateral lumbar radiculopathy secondary to LDH at L3-4, L4-5, or L5-S1.

Author(s): 
McMorland, Gordon
Suter, Esther
Casha, Steve
du Plessis, Stephan J.
Hurlbert, R. John

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