Self Administration

Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA

OBJECTIVE: To assess actions of community pharmacists in response to their patients' concurrent use of prescription medications and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: Nonexperimental, cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING: Texas. PARTICIPANTS: 107 community pharmacists. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pharmacists' self-reported rate of patient inquiry about CAM use and actions taken in response to CAM use.

Author(s): 
Brown, Carolyn M.
Barner, Jamie C.
Shah, Sonalee
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA

OBJECTIVE: To assess actions of community pharmacists in response to their patients' concurrent use of prescription medications and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: Nonexperimental, cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING: Texas. PARTICIPANTS: 107 community pharmacists. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pharmacists' self-reported rate of patient inquiry about CAM use and actions taken in response to CAM use.

Author(s): 
Brown, Carolyn M.
Barner, Jamie C.
Shah, Sonalee
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA

OBJECTIVE: To assess actions of community pharmacists in response to their patients' concurrent use of prescription medications and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). DESIGN: Nonexperimental, cross-sectional mail survey. SETTING: Texas. PARTICIPANTS: 107 community pharmacists. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pharmacists' self-reported rate of patient inquiry about CAM use and actions taken in response to CAM use.

Author(s): 
Brown, Carolyn M.
Barner, Jamie C.
Shah, Sonalee
Publication Title: 
Journal of Dentistry

OBJECTIVES: This double blind randomized clinical trial evaluated the longevity of the whitening effect (6-month follow-up) of two carbamide peroxide concentrations used in at-home vital bleaching. METHODS: Ninety-two volunteers with shade mean C1 or darker for the six maxillary anterior teeth were randomized into two balanced groups (n=46) according to bleaching agent concentration: 10% (CP10) or 16% (CP16) carbamide peroxide. Patients were instructed to use the whitening agent in a tray for 2h/day during 3 weeks.

Author(s): 
Meireles, S. S.
Heckmann, S. S.
Santos, I. S.
Della Bona, A.
Demarco, F. F.
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: Marijuana use by teenagers often predates the use of harder drugs, but the neurobiological underpinnings of such vulnerability are unknown. Animal studies suggest enhanced heroin self-administration (SA) and dysregulation of the endogenous opioid system in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcsh) of adults following adolescent ?(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exposure. However, a causal link between proenkephalin (Penk) expression and vulnerability to heroin has yet to be established.

Author(s): 
Tomasiewicz, Hilarie C.
Jacobs, Michelle M.
Wilkinson, Matthew B.
Wilson, Steven P.
Nestler, Eric J.
Hurd, Yasmin L.
Publication Title: 
Behavioural Pharmacology

Drug addiction is a progressive, relapsing disease comprised of interlocking stages of disordered motivation. Numerous animal models describing various stages of the addiction process have been developed over the past few decades, providing considerable advantages for the modeling of drug addiction compared with other complex psychiatric disease states. Escalation of drug self-administration has emerged as a widely accepted operant conditioning model of excessive drug intake.

Author(s): 
Edwards, Scott
Koob, George F.
Publication Title: 
Psychopharmacology

RATIONALE: Research suggests the experimental manipulation of oxytocin facilitates positive interactions, cooperation, and trust. The mechanism by which oxytocin influences social behavior is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We explored the hypothesis that oxytocin alters how people perceive themselves, which could be one mechanism by which oxytocin promotes prosocial behavior. METHOD: In a between-subject, randomized, and double-blind experiment, 100 university students received a 24 I.U.

Author(s): 
Cardoso, Christopher
Ellenbogen, Mark A.
Linnen, Anne-Marie
Publication Title: 
The Medical Journal of Australia

This is a report on a pilot study of the use of hypnosis in the treatment of alcoholism at an outpatient clinic. It describes the characteristic features of the sample of patients who seem to have responded to treatment and gives an account of the therapeutic programme.

Author(s): 
Gabrynowicz, J.
Publication Title: 
Critical Care Clinics

Psychological strategies can facilitate management of acute pain. Methods of intervening that are reviewed include information provision, cognitive methods such as self-statements, distraction or attention control, relaxation, and hypnosis. Individual patient coping style and anxiety may moderate need for or ability to use these techniques. Increasing perceived control may be an underlying factor common to all psychological interventions for the management of pain.

Author(s): 
VanDalfsen, P. J.
Syrjala, K. L.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

OBJECTIVE: This article presents the results of a brief hypnosis treatment of a woman with chronic, idiopathic vaginal and anal itch. METHODS: The patient was referred after 3 years of unsuccessful outcomes with standard topical and oral treatments prescribed by her family physician and three dermatologists. Treatment consisted of five sessions of self-hypnosis training in techniques of relaxation, deepening, and imagery, and home practice with an individualized instructional tape.

Author(s): 
Rucklidge, J. J.
Saunders, D.

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