Self-Help Groups

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS.

Author(s): 
van der Heijden, Ingrid
Abrahams, Naeemah
Sinclair, David
Publication Title: 
Substance Use & Misuse

Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are increasingly suggested as therapeutic approaches for effecting substance use and misuse (SUM). The aim of this article is to review current evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of MBIs for SUM. A literature search was undertaken using four electronic databases and references of retrieved articles. The search included articles written in English published up to December 2011. Quality of included trials was assessed. In total, 24 studies were included, three of which were based on secondary analyses of previously investigated samples.

Author(s): 
Chiesa, Alberto
Serretti, Alessandro
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary S3 level guidelines were devised in cooperation with 8 medical, 2 psychological and 2 patient support groups. Results were elaborated in a multilevel group process. METHODS: On the bases of the "Cochrane Library" (1993-2006), "Medline" (1980-2006), "PsychInfo" (2006) and "Scopus" (2006) controlled studies and meta-analyses of controlled studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Only few controlled studies were found supporting in part the effectiveness of CAM therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Irnich, D.
Speeck, N.
Felde, E.
Winkelmann, A.
Lucius, H.
Michalsen, A.
Musial, F.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary S3 level guidelines were devised in cooperation with 8 medical, 2 psychological and 2 patient support groups. Results were elaborated in a multilevel group process. METHODS: On the bases of the "Cochrane Library" (1993-2006), "Medline" (1980-2006), "PsychInfo" (2006) and "Scopus" (2006) controlled studies and meta-analyses of controlled studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Only few controlled studies were found supporting in part the effectiveness of CAM therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Irnich, D.
Speeck, N.
Felde, E.
Winkelmann, A.
Lucius, H.
Michalsen, A.
Musial, F.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary S3 level guidelines were devised in cooperation with 8 medical, 2 psychological and 2 patient support groups. Results were elaborated in a multilevel group process. METHODS: On the bases of the "Cochrane Library" (1993-2006), "Medline" (1980-2006), "PsychInfo" (2006) and "Scopus" (2006) controlled studies and meta-analyses of controlled studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Only few controlled studies were found supporting in part the effectiveness of CAM therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Irnich, D.
Speeck, N.
Felde, E.
Winkelmann, A.
Lucius, H.
Michalsen, A.
Musial, F.
Publication Title: 
Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)

INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary S3 level guidelines were devised in cooperation with 8 medical, 2 psychological and 2 patient support groups. Results were elaborated in a multilevel group process. METHODS: On the bases of the "Cochrane Library" (1993-2006), "Medline" (1980-2006), "PsychInfo" (2006) and "Scopus" (2006) controlled studies and meta-analyses of controlled studies were analyzed. RESULTS: Only few controlled studies were found supporting in part the effectiveness of CAM therapies in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Author(s): 
Langhorst, J.
Häuser, W.
Irnich, D.
Speeck, N.
Felde, E.
Winkelmann, A.
Lucius, H.
Michalsen, A.
Musial, F.
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

In existential holistic group therapy, the whole person heals in accordance with the holistic process theory and the life mission theory. Existential group psychotherapy addresses the emotional aspect of the human mind related to death, freedom, isolation, and meaninglessness, while existential holistic group therapy addresses the state of the person"s wholeness.

Author(s): 
Ventegodt, S¯ren
Andersen, Niels J¯rgen
Merrick, Joav
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Recent research has highlighted how parental narratives can be important in the resistance against disabling processes. This article contains analyses of enabling language in narratives published by Scandinavian disability rights organizations. First, drawing on the work of Fisher and Goodley, I point out that the material constitute a threefold: normality narratives, resistance narratives, and narratives that demonstrate an appreciation of the present and the child's individual alterity.

Author(s): 
Hanisch, Halvor
Publication Title: 
Journal of Advanced Nursing

AIM: This paper is a report of a study to explain how mothers used a community based, cohort-based electronic communication system. BACKGROUND: Early psychosocial support for families is regarded as inadequate. Employed women with young children can feel isolated from other families. Most parent e-mail lists are in a read-only format, with parents receiving informative e-mails from a corporation or a commercially motivated initiative. In an increasingly virtual age, it is important to examine parents' use of online support groups initiated by parents.

Author(s): 
Hall, Wendy
Irvine, Valerie
Publication Title: 
Patient Education and Counseling

OBJECTIVE: To examine communication within an online infertility support group. METHODS: A content analysis of 3500 messages posted to infertility bulletin boards. RESULTS: The most frequently used self-help mechanisms were support or empathy (45.5%) and sharing personal experiences (45.4%), followed by the provision of information and advice (15.9%), gratitude (12.5%), friendship (9.9%), chit-chat (9.4%), requests for information or advice (6.8%) and universality (4.8%), with negative statements (0.3%) and creative expressions (0.2%) being the least frequent categories.

Author(s): 
Malik, Sumaira H.
Coulson, Neil S.

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