Semantics

Publication Title: 
Accident and Emergency Nursing

Answering the spiritual as well as religious needs of patients has for years been seen as the province of the hospital chaplain, because spirituality has been regarded as the province of religion. As chaplains in the NHS we hope in this paper to raise awareness of the importance of spiritual care in the health service as a whole. Although there seems to be a large amount of interest in this area there are few tangible means of identifying and assessing spiritual need.

Author(s): 
Cressey, R. W.
Winbolt-Lewis, M.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Science Quarterly

Parse's research method was used to investigate the meaning of serenity for survivors of a life-threatening illness or traumatic event. Ten survivors of cancer told their stories of the meaning of serenity as they had lived it in their lives. Descriptions were aided by photographs chosen by each participant to represent the meaning of serenity for them. The structure of serenity was generated through the extraction-synthesis process.

Author(s): 
Kruse, B. G.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

This study analyzed themes in documents written by 22 male accused spousal abusers to their female victims. Using Pence's Power and Equity model (1998), 86% of the themes denied equity and expressed power and control in the relation. Of these, 28% minimized or denied the abuse, 24% used the children to manipulate the victim, 16% showed disrespect for the victim, and 14% invoked male privilege (including God's ordination of the abusive relation). These hallmarks of tainted love are rooted in the desire of the accused abuser to maintain power and control over the victim.

Author(s): 
Dukes, Richard L.
Borega, Karoline N.
Clayton, Stephanie L.
Dukes, Cynthia K.
Fox, Carol
McCombs, Jerry
Miller, Thomas L.
Rodgers, Susan E.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Science Quarterly

The purpose of this study was to answer the research question, What is the structure of the lived experience of feeling cared for? The participants were 10 women volunteers who were struggling with lack of economic, social, or interpersonal resources and who were or had been homeless. The Parse research method, a phenomenological-hermeneutic method, was used to discover the meaning of feeling cared for. The major finding of this study is the structure: Feeling cared for is contentment with intimate affiliations arising with salutary endeavors, while honoring uniqueness amid adversity.

Author(s): 
Bunkers, Sandra Schmidt
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

The implicit structure of positive character traits was examined in two studies of 190 and 100 undergraduates. Participants judged the pairwise covariation or semantic similarity of 42 positive characteristics using a sorting or a rating task. Characteristics were drawn from a new classification of strengths and virtues, the Five-Factor Model, and a taxonomy of values. Participants showed consistent patterns of perceived association among the characteristics across the study conditions.

Author(s): 
Haslam, Nick
Bain, Paul
Neal, David
Publication Title: 
Western Journal of Nursing Research

This article presents a study in which Picot's caregiver rewards scale (PCRS), originally developed in English, was cross-culturally validated with 137 Chinese adult children family caregivers in the United States using confirmatory factor analysis. A one-factor structure of the 21-item revised Chinese PCRS was supported as indicated by goodness-of-fit index = .94, adjusted goodness-of-fit index = .93, standardized root mean square residual = .09, and chi-square to df ratio = 2.7. Chi-square for this model was (chi(2) [189, n = 137] = 514, p < .05). The standardized alpha was .90.

Author(s): 
Hsueh, Kuei-Hsiang
Phillips, Linda R.
Cheng, Wenyun
Picot, Sandra J. Fulton
Publication Title: 
Nursing Science Quarterly

The purposes of this research, using the Parse method, were to discover the structure of sacrificing something important and to expand the theory of human becoming. The core concepts of relinquishing the cherished, shifting preferred options, and fortifying affiliations were discovered during the process of extraction-synthesis using synopses of dialogues from 10 church parishioners.

Author(s): 
Florczak, Kristine L.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

Using different psychoanalytic points of view, in this comparative study of "Traumnovelle" by Schnitzler and "Eyes Wide Shut" by Kubrick the author analyses the cultural changes between the first and last thirds of the 20th century. This change consists in the way "facts of life" are dealt with. It is a change from identity through insight and understanding to an identity through excited self-objectification.

Author(s): 
Danckwardt, Joachim F.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Reports

This study tested the effect of semantically induced thoughts of love on helping behavior. In a natural setting, 253 participants were interviewed and asked to retrieve the memory of a love episode or, in the control condition, a piece of music they loved. They then met another confederate who asked for money. Analysis showed that inducing the idea of love had a significant positive effect on compliance to a request by a male passerby who was asked for help by a female confederate, but not by a female passerby.

Author(s): 
Lamy, Lubomir
Fischer-Lokou, Jacques
GuÈguen, Nicolas
Publication Title: 
Nursing Science Quarterly

Confucianism is one of the frequently mentioned social factors in the research of care for the older adults in East Asian countries such as China, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea. Although Confucian philosophy functions as a powerful source of reference for care, the context of care in Confucian texts is not yet largely studied in nursing. This column focuses on the meaning of care in two key Confucian texts, the Analects and Mencius. The context of care in Confucian texts should provide a sound foundation and substantial understanding for researchers studying care in East Asian society.

Author(s): 
Koh, Eun-Kang
Koh, Chin-Kang

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