Serum Albumin

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

The relationship of nutrient intakes to life expectancies in Japan since the Second World War has demonstrated that sufficient intakes of animal protein and fat are crucial for attaining longevity. In the community dwelling elderly, the higher the serum albumin was, the longer the further life expectancy in the elderly. Serum total cholesterol showed a U-shape relationship to further life expectancies in the elderly. Low serum cholesterol was deleterious for higher levels of functional capacity.

Author(s): 
Shibata, H.
Publication Title: 
Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Comprehensive Dialysis Study (CDS) aimed to understand factors contributing to physical, functional, and nutritional health status among patients starting dialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: A phone interview survey was conducted with patients from a geographically stratified national random sample of dialysis units, and quarterly serum samples were obtained for patients at a preidentified subset of units.

Author(s): 
Kutner, Nancy G.
Johansen, Kirsten L.
Kaysen, George A.
Pederson, Sarah
Chen, Shu-Cheng
Agodoa, Lawrence Y.
Eggers, Paul W.
Chertow, Glenn M.
Publication Title: 
The Korean Journal of Parasitology

Liver function tests were performed in 61 vivax, 54 malariae and 15 ovale malaria patients who were admitted to Bangkok Hospital for Tropical Diseases between 2001 and 2004. The objective of the study was to evaluate changes in hepatic biochemical indices before and after treatment with artemisinin derivatives. On admission and prior to treatment, hepatic dysfunction was found among the 3 groups. Serum liver function tests and physical examinations were performed weekly during the 28-day follow-up period.

Author(s): 
Tangpukdee, Noppadon
Thanachartwet, Vipa
Krudsood, Srivicha
Luplertlop, Nutthanej
Pornpininworakij, Karnchana
Chalermrut, Kobsiri
Phokham, Sasikarn
Kano, Shigeyuki
Looareesuwan, Sornchai
Wilairatana, Polrat
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) plays an indispensable role in malaria control and elimination. However, the circulation of counterfeit, substandard drugs has greatly threatened malaria elimination campaigns. Most methods for the analysis of artemisinin and its derivatives require expensive equipment and sophisticated instrumentation. A convenient, easy-to-use diagnostic device for rapid evaluation of the quality of artemisinin drugs at the point-of-care is still lacking.

Author(s): 
He, Lishan
Nan, Tiegui
Cui, Yongliang
Guo, Suqin
Zhang, Wei
Zhang, Rui
Tan, Guiyu
Wang, Baomin
Cui, Liwang
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines

Chondrokola Rosh (CKR) is a traditional metallic Ayurvedic preparation widely used by the rural and ethnic people of Bangladesh in dysuria. It is a preparation of various roasted metals (Hg and Cu), non-metal (sulphur and Mica) and medicinal herbs. Considering the controversy over the risk of toxic heavy metals in Ayurvedic herbo-mineral preparations, toxicological parameters on liver functions were investigated. A single dose of 100mg/kg body weight of the preparation was administered orally to the rats of both sexes for ninety days.

Author(s): 
Nasrin, S.
Bachar, S. C.
Choudhuri, M. S. K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Different parts of the plant Trichosanthes cucumerina Var cucumerina L. (cucurbitaceae) are used to treat liver disorders, traditionally. It is one among the constituents in various Ayurvedic formulations used for the treatment of liver disorders and other diseases. AIMS OF STUDY: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the protective effect of Trichosanthes cucumerina against experimentally induced liver injury.

Author(s): 
Sathesh Kumar, S.
Ravi Kumar, B.
Krishna Mohan, G.
Publication Title: 
African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines: AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines

Chondrokola Rosh (CKR) is a traditional metallic Ayurvedic preparation widely used by the rural and ethnic people of Bangladesh in dysuria. It is a preparation of various roasted metals (Hg and Cu), non-metal (sulphur and Mica) and medicinal herbs. Considering the controversy over the risk of toxic heavy metals in Ayurvedic herbo-mineral preparations, toxicological parameters on liver functions were investigated. A single dose of 100mg/kg body weight of the preparation was administered orally to the rats of both sexes for ninety days.

Author(s): 
Nasrin, S.
Bachar, S. C.
Choudhuri, M. S. K.
Publication Title: 
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation: Official Publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association

BACKGROUND: Inflammation is commonly associated with malnutrition and cardiovascular disease in end-stage renal failure patients. Anti-inflammatory properties of the isoflavones, a micronutrient component of soy, have been reported in several experimental models and disease conditions, but never in renal failure. We hypothesized that dietary soy isoflavones correct laboratory evidence of systemic inflammation in haemodialysis (HD) patients with underlying high blood levels of C-reactive protein (CRP).

Author(s): 
Fanti, Paolo
Asmis, Reto
Stephenson, Tammy J.
Sawaya, B. Peter
Franke, Adrian A.
Publication Title: 
Chest

BACKGROUND: Hypoalbuminemia is a reliable predictor of mortality in patients with various illnesses as well as a predictor of disability and mortality in healthy older adults. The association between hypoalbuminemia and mortality in patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia remains unknown. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between serum albumin concentration and mortality in a large cohort of patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia listed for lung transplantation.

Author(s): 
Zisman, David A.
Kawut, Steven M.
Lederer, David J.
Belperio, John A.
Lynch, Joseph P.
Schwarz, Marvin I.
Tayek, John A.
Reuben, David B.
Karlamangla, Arun S.
Publication Title: 
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology

OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is pivotal in atherosclerosis. Monocyte-macrophages are crucial in atherosclerosis. Monocytes can develop into subsets: classically (M1) or alternatively (M2) activated cells. Several studies point to a proinflammatory role for C-reactive protein (CRP). Because there is a paucity of data on the effects of CRP on macrophage phenotype, we tested effects of CRP on macrophage polarization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Monocytes were incubated with CRP (0 to 50 μg/mL) and differentiated into macrophages for 7 days.

Author(s): 
Devaraj, Sridevi
Jialal, Ishwarlal

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