Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological

Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels.

Author(s): 
Goldstein, Irwin
Kim, Noel N.
Clayton, Anita H.
DeRogatis, Leonard R.
Giraldi, Annamaria
Parish, Sharon J.
Pfaus, James
Simon, James A.
Kingsberg, Sheryl A.
Meston, Cindy
Stahl, Stephen M.
Wallen, Kim
Worsley, Roisin
Publication Title: 
Rivista Di Psichiatria

AIM: Impairment of sexual functioning may have a significant impact on the person's quality of life. Despite the high prevalence of female sexual dysfunctions, it is still not clear what are the effective treatments for these disorders. The aim of this critical review is to provide an update on the efficacy of psychological treatments for female sexual dysfunctions. METHOD: A thorough literature search was performed, using electronic database (PubMed and PsychINFO) and manual searches, selecting articles in English and Italian language published in peer-reviewed journals.

Author(s): 
Staccini, Laura
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

Sexual aversion is a widespread, poorly recognized syndrome occurring in both males and females. Once diagnosed, it is relatively resistant to conventional forms of therapy. Aversion is characterized by an unwillingness to get involved in sexual activity, with avoidance of any touching or communication that might lead to sexual involvement. This syndrome usually presents as a lack of libido, low sex drive, inhibited sexual desire or arousal dysfunction. Aversion may be seen along with other sexual dysfunctions, as a precipitating cause or as a consequence.

Author(s): 
Crenshaw, T. L.
Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

A multifaceted study was conducted to identify differences in biopsychosocial characteristics between a clinical group of 59 married women who complained of inhibited sexual desire (ISD) and 31 married women who expressed normal sexual desire (non-ISD). Areas of examination included personality, endocrine, relationship, and sexual dimensions. Instruments of data collection included the MMPI, Dyadic Adjustment Scale, radioimmunoassay of testosterone and prolactin levels, and a questionnaire which focused on demographic, relationship, and sexual information.

Author(s): 
Stuart, F. M.
Hammond, D. C.
Pett, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy

This paper presents a classification of sexual behaviors bases on Foa and Foa's resource exchange theory. They postulated six classes of resources: information, services, possessions, money, love, and status. We expanded and applied this theory to sexual behavior through three modalities: 1) Doing (information and services), which relates to sex as performance; 2) Having (possessions and money), which relates to sex as product; and 3) Being (love and status), which relates to sex as presence.

Author(s): 
L'Abate, L.
Hewitt, D.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie

This paper explores changes in the recent psychoanalytic theory regarding the preconditions and structural characteristics of sexual love. In briefly reviewing Freud's contributions and subsequent developments regarding infantile sexuality and the perversions, the oedipal constellation, superego development and mass psychology, a common frame is provided for the description of the love life of the sexual couple.

Author(s): 
Kernberg, O. F.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Sexual problems, especially in the elderly, are to handle as a part of the whole personality. After an informative talk about the knowledge in the field of sexuality, we have to differ between subjective and objective problems of the patient and to find out possibilities to solve real problems and conflicts. This discussion of the problems is in every case the first step to any form of therapy.

Author(s): 
Pˆldinger, W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology

The two most fundamental aspects of sexual relationships, passion and intimacy, are complex concepts, with at least partly paradoxical contents. Intimacy, for example, stands for unity and security, but also for shifting boundaries and exposure. Passion in its turn, stands for enthusiasm and energy, but also for surrender and dependency. It is this 'two sides of the coin' phenomenon that makes sexual relationships as interesting as they are dangerous.

Author(s): 
van de Wiel, H. B.
Schultz, W. C.
Publication Title: 
Zhurnal Nevrologii I Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova

The paper presents an analysis of the disorders with manifestations of non-delirious pathologic love as a response to the action of psychogenic factor on the basis of constitutional predisposition. By the results of the examination of 31 patients with prolonged psychogenic depressions, characterized by the phenomenon of erotic possession, 2 types of the pathologic reactions were distinguished: with a predominance of the possessed images and with a predominance of the delirious-like fantasies.

Author(s): 
Andriushenko, A. V.
Pinaeva, E. V.
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

Touching is often a forgotten part of medicine. The manual medicine or therapeutic touch (TT) is much more powerful than many modern, biomedically oriented physicians think. Pain and discomfort can be alleviated just by touching the sick area and in this way help the patient to be in better contact with the tissue and organs of their body. Lack of presence in the body seems to be connected with many symptoms that can be readily reversed simply by sensitive touch.

Author(s): 
Ventegodt, S¯ren
Morad, Mohammed
Merrick, Joav

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