Shoulder Joint

Publication Title: 
Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists

A systematic review of published evidence was conducted investigating surgical and conservative management of rotator cuff disease. Medical databases searched included Medline, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), and the Cochrane Collaboration library. Two independent reviewers evaluated each article for inclusion. Established criteria were used to assess the methodologic quality of articles examining outcomes of treatment interventions for rotator cuff disease.

Author(s): 
Grant, Heather J.
Arthur, Anne
Pichora, David R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

STUDY DESIGN: Repeated-measures design comparing 7 static weight-bearing shoulder exercises. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the demand on shoulder musculature during weight-bearing exercises and the relationship between increasing weight-bearing posture and shoulder muscle activation. BACKGROUND: Weight-bearing shoulder exercises are commonly prescribed in the rehabilitation of shoulder injuries. Limited information is available as to the demands placed on shoulder musculature while these exercises are performed.

Author(s): 
Uhl, Tim L.
Carver, Thomas J.
Mattacola, Carl G.
Mair, Scott D.
Nitz, Arthur J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy

STUDY DESIGN: Repeated-measures design comparing 7 static weight-bearing shoulder exercises. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the demand on shoulder musculature during weight-bearing exercises and the relationship between increasing weight-bearing posture and shoulder muscle activation. BACKGROUND: Weight-bearing shoulder exercises are commonly prescribed in the rehabilitation of shoulder injuries. Limited information is available as to the demands placed on shoulder musculature while these exercises are performed.

Author(s): 
Uhl, Tim L.
Carver, Thomas J.
Mattacola, Carl G.
Mair, Scott D.
Nitz, Arthur J.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Functional neck/shoulder stiffness is one of the most well-known indications for acupuncture treatment in Japan. There is little evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for functional neck/shoulder stiffness. Research using two different placebos may allow an efficient method to tease apart the components of real acupuncture from various kinds of 'non-specific' effects such as ritual with touch or ritual alone.

Author(s): 
Takakura, Nobuari
Takayama, Miho
Kawase, Akiko
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Kong, Jian
Yajima, Hiroyoshi
Publication Title: 
The Orthopedic Clinics of North America

The rheumatoid shoulder is a frequent manifestation in the rheumatoid patient. Most of the symptoms are of a mild to moderate degree and can usually be ameliorated by heat, massage, and gently exercise. Local injection therapy may be of value in selected cases. Strenuous exercise or manipulation is contraindicated. Tendon ruptures and rotator cuff tears are not amenable to surgical reconstruction and are adequately treated with a conservative regimen. Prophylactic synovectomy is not performed as a routine, because the majority of patients do not develop disabling symptoms.

Author(s): 
Sbarbaro, J. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists

This paper describes the physiotherapy and occupational therapy used in treating a 74-year-old woman with a left brachial plexus lesion, a break in the axillary artery, dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint, a broken scapula and clavicula, serial left rib fractures, and lacerations on the upper and lower arm. After testing the patient, the following goals were set: reduce pain, soften scar tissue, and improve joint motion, muscle strength, and functionality of the hand. A 12-month outpatient program was used.

Author(s): 
Bajuk, S.
Jelnikar, T.
Ortar, M.
Publication Title: 
Swiss Medical Weekly

PRINCIPLE: A randomised, comparative prospective clinical trial was planned to compare the early response to different rehabilitation methods for adhesive capsulitis taking into consideration the clinical efficacy and the cost effectiveness of the methods. METHODS: Forty patients with adhesive capsulitis were randomised into two treatment groups. The first group (CYR) received the Cyriax approach of deep friction massage and mobilisation exercises three times weekly. The second group (PT) had daily physical therapy including hot pack and short wave diathermy application.

Author(s): 
Guler-Uysal, Fusun
Kozanoglu, Erkan
Publication Title: 
Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)

This study evaluated changes in shoulder function in patients with frozen shoulder after 4-week rehabilitation combining exercise with electrical therapy and massage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients with frozen shoulder (mean +/- standard error (SE) age 50.2+/-4.6 years) and 10 control subjects (49.8+/-4.6 years) participated in the study. Standard goniometric measurements were used to assess shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, internal and external rotation active range of motion.

Author(s): 
Jürgel, Jelena
Rannama, Lauri
Gapeyeva, Helena
Ereline, Jaan
Kolts, Ivo
Pääsuke, Mati
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu = Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion

OBJECTIVE: To search for a clinically effective therapy for periarthritis of shoulder. METHODS: One hundred and forty cases were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group, 70 cases in each group. The treatment group were treated with "Jianying point" -injection combined with massage, and the control group with routine acupuncture therapy. The pain scores and the comprehensive scores of motor function before and after treatment in the two groups were compared between the two groups.

Author(s): 
Liao, Bo-Nian
Zhang, Shu
Zhang, Li-Mei
Publication Title: 
Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences / Udruženje Basičnih Mediciniskih Znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences

The common complication after stroke is pain and dysfunction of shoulder of paralyzed arm, as well as the swelling of the hand. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of LASER therapy and to correlate with electrotherapy (TENS, stabile galvanization) in subjects after stroke. We analyzed 70 subjects after stroke with pain in shoulder and oedema of paralyzed hand. The examinees were divided in two groups of 35, and they were treated in the Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Tuzla during 2006 and 2007.

Author(s): 
Karabegović, Azra
Kapidzić-Duraković, Suada
Ljuca, Farid

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