Sick Leave

Publication Title: 
European Spine Journal: Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society

PURPOSE: Various conservative interventions have been used for the treatment of non-specific neck pain. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the cost-effectiveness of conservative treatments for non-specific neck pain. METHODS: Clinical and economic electronic databases, reference lists and authors' databases were searched up to 13 January 2011. Two reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion, performed the risk of bias assessment and data extraction. RESULTS: A total of five economic evaluations met the inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Driessen, Maurice T.
Lin, Chung-Wei C.
van Tulder, Maurits W.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain (LBP) and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. Pain increases with advancing pregnancy and interferes with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Pennick, Victoria
Liddle, Sarah D.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of pregnant women experience low-back pain and almost one-fifth experience pelvic pain. The two conditions may occur separately or together (low-back and pelvic pain) and typically increase with advancing pregnancy, interfering with work, daily activities and sleep. OBJECTIVES: To update the evidence assessing the effects of any intervention used to prevent and treat low-back pain, pelvic pain or both during pregnancy.

Author(s): 
Liddle, Sarah D.
Pennick, Victoria
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

National paid sick day and paid sick leave policies are compared in 22 countries ranked highly in terms of economic and human development. The authors calculate the financial support available to workers facing two different kinds of health problems: a case of the flu that requires missing 5 days of work, and a cancer treatment that requires 50 days of absence. Only 3 countries--the United States, Canada, and Japan--have no national policy requiring employers to provide paid sick days for workers who need to miss 5 days of work to recover from the flu.

Author(s): 
Heymann, Jody
Rho, Hye Jin
Schmitt, John
Earle, Alison
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

Many U.S. states have passed legislation providing leave to organ and bone marrow donors and/or tax benefits for live and deceased organ and bone marrow donations and to employers of donors. We exploit cross-state variation in the timing of such legislation to analyze its impact on organ donations by living and deceased persons, on measures of the quality of the transplants, and on the number of bone marrow donations. We find that these provisions do not have a significant impact on the quantity of organs donated.

Author(s): 
Lacetera, Nicola
Macis, Mario
Stith, Sarah S.
Publication Title: 
BMC public health

BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, growing attention has been given to the mental health of workers. One way to examine the mental health of workers is to look at the incidence rates of mental illness-related sickness absence. There is a scarcity of literature in which the incidence rates of mental illness-related sickness absence among different countries have been considered together.

Author(s): 
Dewa, Carolyn S.
Loong, Desmond
Bonato, Sarah
Hees, Hiske
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

In this article we ask whether the level of sickness benefit provision protects the health of employees, particularly those who are most exposed to hazardous working conditions or who have a little education. The study uses the European Working Condition Survey that includes information on 20,626 individuals from 28 countries. Health was measured by self-reported mental wellbeing and self-rated general health. Country-level sickness benefit provision was constructed using spending data from Eurostat.

Author(s): 
van der Wel, Kjetil A.
Bambra, Clare
Dragano, Nico
Eikemo, Terje A.
Lunau, Thorsten
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognosis of patients presenting with acute low back pain (LBP) in a primary care setting in the United States. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Practice guidelines for acute LBP based on return-to-work outcomes underestimate the development of chronic pain in the primary care setting. Because of differences in inclusion criteria, chronic pain definitions, and national health systems, prognostic cohort studies have reported a wide range of results limiting interpretation and generalization.

Author(s): 
Mehling, Wolf E.
Gopisetty, Viranjini
Bartmess, Elizabeth
Acree, Mike
Pressman, Alice
Goldberg, Harley
Hecht, Frederick M.
Carey, Tim
Avins, Andrew L.
Publication Title: 
Family Practice

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is among the most common, debilitating and expensive human illnesses. The purpose of this study was to assess ARI-related costs and determine if mindfulness meditation or exercise can add value. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-four adults ≥50 years from Madison, WI for the 2009-10 cold/flu season were randomized to (i) wait-list control (ii) meditation or (iii) moderate intensity exercise. ARI-related costs were assessed through self-reported medication use, number of missed work days and medical visits.

Author(s): 
Rakel, David
Mundt, Marlon
Ewers, Tola
Fortney, Luke
Zgierska, Aleksandra
Gassman, Michele
Barrett, Bruce
Publication Title: 
BMC health services research

BACKGROUND: Anthroposophic therapies (counselling, special medication, art, eurythmy movement, and rhythmical massage) aim to stimulate long-term self-healing processes, which theoretically could lead to a reduction of healthcare use. In a prospective two-year cohort study, anthroposophic therapies were followed by a reduction of chronic disease symptoms and improvement of quality of life. The purpose of this analysis was to describe health costs in users of anthroposophic therapies.

Author(s): 
Hamre, Harald J.
Witt, Claudia M.
Glockmann, Anja
Ziegler, Renatus
Willich, Stefan N.
Kiene, Helmut

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