Sick Role

Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Identifying patients' expectations of and need for healthcare chaplaincy is important in terms of appropriate intervention. Therefore, a sample of 612 patients from 32 general hospitals and psychiatric clinics in the German part of Switzerland was surveyed about their expectations of chaplaincy service. A principal component factor analysis of participants' ratings found that the survey items fell into three distinct categories. These were the need for (1) emotional support, (2) help to cope with illness/disease, and (3) religious/spiritual assistance.

Author(s): 
Winter-Pf‰ndler, Urs
Flannelly, Kevin J.
Publication Title: 
Social Science & Medicine (1982)

Karo Batak ceremonial curing practices in urban Indonesia take place in a disputed zone of acts and meanings, in which neither social nor cultural coherence can be presumed by the analyst.

Author(s): 
Steedly, M. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis

Grandparenthood can have multiple meanings for grandparents just as grandchildhood can have diverse meanings for grandchildren. Ideally the joys of being a grandparent help to compensate for life's sorrows, although premature grandparenthood may be experienced instead as a nuisance or even a burden if grandparents have to assume parental responsibilities. Of course, storybook grandparents including the grandfathers of Heidi, Little Lord Fauntleroy, and the Box Car Children, never seem to resent having to act as surrogate parents.

Author(s): 
Robinson, L. H.
Publication Title: 
Nursing Science Quarterly

This secondary analysis was designed to place the methods and themes from a phenomenological study of the meaning of living with spinal cord injury for the family within the context of the Roy adaptation model. Seven themes emerged from the phenomenological study data. The content of each of the seven themes was found to reflect at least two of the modes of adaptation; one of the themes reflected all four of the modes of adaptation. The findings of this study revealed that the meaning of living with spinal cord injury reflects all four modes of adaptation.

Author(s): 
DeSanto-Madeya, Susan A.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Psychoanalysis

The paper reviews and discusses Groddeck's conception of illness. I first argue that Groddeck was a late Romanticist as much as he was a "wild" psychoanalyst. Then I use Groddeck's scattered formulations regarding definition, foundation, and meaning of illness in order to articulate them in the form of more explicit scientific statements. Finally, I suggest that Groddeck's theory of illness is fundamentally different from current medical conceptions, which, nevertheless, does not make our dialogue with him either less useful or indeed less necessary.

Author(s): 
Dimitrijevic, Aleksandar
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Oncology Nursing: The Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society

BACKGROUND: Women with recurring ovarian cancer are living longer, due to advances in treatment options. They are now often outpatients, experiencing rapid encounters on treatment days. Whether this shift in care meets women's needs has been scarcely explored scientifically. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to illuminate the phenomenon of living with recurring ovarian cancer as experienced by women in that condition. METHODS AND SAMPLE: A descriptive phenomenological method was used.

Author(s): 
Ekwall, Eva
Ternestedt, Britt-Marie
Sorbe, Bengt
Sunvisson, Helena
Publication Title: 
The Journal of School Health

A Student Attitude Survey was administered to high school seniors to determine attitudinal and behavioral factors associated with participation in a longitudinal cardiovascular risk factor screening program. Health beliefs, attitudes, and practices were assessed as were altruism, social skills, self-concept, conformity, and academic class standing. Male participants showed higher self-concept scores than non participants.

Author(s): 
Parker, F. C.
Croft, J. B.
Supik, J. D.
Webber, L. S.
Hunter, S. M.
Berenson, G. S.
Publication Title: 
MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing

This article examines the reactions of children to the complex illness and disability of their brothers and sisters. It proposes strategies of nursing support to increase the likelihood that these children will cope with the resultant family stress in a positive manner. In order to better understand their feelings, siblings of hospitalized children were interviewed and comments from other siblings who responded on a Web site, "Band-Aides and Blackboards: When Chronic Illness ... or Some Other Medical Problem ... Goes to School" were included.

Author(s): 
Fleitas, J.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine

Adding to a traditional stress perspective, behavioral medicine has been focusing increasingly on investigating the potential impact of positive psychosocial factors on disease course in HIV. Dispositional optimism, active coping, and spirituality show the most evidence for predicting slower disease progression, although the data are not entirely consistent. Findings for the role of social support are mixed, although indications are that it may be particularly helpful at later stages of illness.

Author(s): 
Ironson, Gail
Hayward, H'Sien
Publication Title: 
Pflege

Little is known both about how women suffering from breast cancer cope with their illness in the perioperative phase and about the ability of nurses to assess this. By means of the self-rating and external rating versions respectively of the Bernese Coping Modes (BEFO), it was determined how breast cancer patients cope with their illness during primary surgical therapy. External rating was carried out by the nurses and two researchers. The nurses' rating based on their daily care experiences, and the researcher's rating based on a half-standardized interview.

Author(s): 
Holtgr‰we, Martina
Pinkert, Christiane
Remmers, Hartmut

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