Sleep Deprivation

Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In 2001, the Canadian Psychiatric Association and the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) partnered to produce evidence-based clinical guidelines for the treatment of depressive disorders. A revision of these guidelines was undertaken by CANMAT in 2008-2009 to reflect advances in the field. There is widespread interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The CANMAT guidelines are based on a question-answer format to enhance accessibility to clinicians.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Lam, Raymond W.
Filteau, Marie J.
Lespérance, François
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Parikh, Sagar V.
Patten, Scott B.
Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT)
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Balneaves, Lynda G.
Faulkner, Guy
Ortiz, Abigail
McIntosh, Diane
Morehouse, Rachel L.
Ravindran, Lakshmi
Yatham, Lakshmi N.
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Parikh, Sagar V.
CANMAT Depression Work Group
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Balneaves, Lynda G.
Faulkner, Guy
Ortiz, Abigail
McIntosh, Diane
Morehouse, Rachel L.
Ravindran, Lakshmi
Yatham, Lakshmi N.
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Parikh, Sagar V.
CANMAT Depression Work Group
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

BACKGROUND: This article is a critical review of the efficacy of selected alternative treatments for unipolar depression including exercise, stress management techniques, acupuncture, St. John's wort, bright light, and sleep deprivation. Issues related to women across the life span, including pregnancy and lactation, are highlighted. DATA SOURCES: Evidence of efficacy is based on randomized controlled trials. A distinction is made between studies that address depressive symptoms and studies that address depressive disorders.

Author(s): 
Manber, Rachel
Allen, John J. B.
Morris, Margaret E.
Morris, Margaret M.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: The Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) conducted a revision of the 2009 guidelines by updating the evidence and recommendations. The scope of the 2016 guidelines remains the management of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adults, with a target audience of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. METHODS: Using the question-answer format, we conducted a systematic literature search focusing on systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Evidence was graded using CANMAT-defined criteria for level of evidence.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Balneaves, Lynda G.
Faulkner, Guy
Ortiz, Abigail
McIntosh, Diane
Morehouse, Rachel L.
Ravindran, Lakshmi
Yatham, Lakshmi N.
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Lam, Raymond W.
MacQueen, Glenda M.
Milev, Roumen V.
Parikh, Sagar V.
CANMAT Depression Work Group
Publication Title: 
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry

5-HT2A receptor density in prefrontal cortex was associated with depression and suicide. 5-HT2A receptor gene polymorphism rs6313 was associated with 5-HT2A receptor binding potential, with the ability of individuals to use environmental support in order to prevent depression, and with sleep improvement after antidepressant treatment with mirtazapine. Studies on response to antidepressant drugs gave inconsistent results.

Author(s): 
Benedetti, Francesco
Barbini, Barbara
Bernasconi, Alessandro
Fulgosi, Mara Cigala
Colombo, Cristina
Dallaspezia, Sara
Gavinelli, Chiara
Marino, Elena
Pirovano, Adele
Radaelli, Daniele
Smeraldi, Enrico
Publication Title: 
Cellular and molecular life sciences: CMLS

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common psychiatric disorder effecting approximately 121 million people worldwide and recent reports from the World Health Organization (WHO) suggest that it will be the leading contributor to the global burden of diseases. At present, the most commonly used treatment strategies are still based on the monoamine hypothesis that has been the predominant theory in the last 60 years.

Author(s): 
Chaudhury, Dipesh
Liu, He
Han, Ming-Hu
Publication Title: 
Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
Author(s): 
Elkins, Gary
Fisher, William
Johnson, Aimee
Sliwinski, Jim
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses

BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation in hospitalized patients is common and can have serious detrimental effects on recovery from illness. Lavender aromatherapy has improved sleep in a variety of clinical settings, but the effect has not been tested in the intermediate care unit. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of inhalation of 100% lavender oil on patients' vital signs and perceived quality of sleep in an intermediate care unit. METHODS: A randomized controlled pilot study was conducted in 50 patients. Control patients received usual care.

Author(s): 
Lytle, Jamie
Mwatha, Catherine
Davis, Karen K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Affective Disorders

BACKGROUND: In 2001, the Canadian Psychiatric Association and the Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) partnered to produce evidence-based clinical guidelines for the treatment of depressive disorders. A revision of these guidelines was undertaken by CANMAT in 2008-2009 to reflect advances in the field. There is widespread interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: The CANMAT guidelines are based on a question-answer format to enhance accessibility to clinicians.

Author(s): 
Ravindran, Arun V.
Lam, Raymond W.
Filteau, Marie J.
Lespérance, François
Kennedy, Sidney H.
Parikh, Sagar V.
Patten, Scott B.
Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT)

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