Social Adjustment

Publication Title: 
BMC psychiatry

BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to systematically review and meta-analyze the effects of yoga on symptoms of schizophrenia, quality of life, function, and hospitalization in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed, Scopus, the Cochrane Library, PsycInfo, and IndMED were screened through August 2012. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing yoga to usual care or non-pharmacological interventions were analyzed when they assessed symptoms or quality of life in patients with schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
Cramer, Holger
Lauche, Romy
Klose, Petra
Langhorst, Jost
Dobos, Gustav
Publication Title: 
Praxis Der Kinderpsychologie Und Kinderpsychiatrie

The model of ego development by Loevinger describes an epigenetic series of successive stages comprising increasingly complex styles of impulse control, interpersonal relationships, moral and cognitive reasoning. This model offers an opportunity to explore the structural premises young adults rely on solving their developmental tasks. Controls compared to patients show a significantly superior intrapsychic coping, awareness of social rules and knowledge of interpersonal relations.

Author(s): 
Kapfhammer, H. P.
Neumeier, R.
Scherer, J.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatry

THE NATURE of the relationship between those psychological processes which influence waking behavior and cognition, and those which influence the content of nocturnal dreams, is a question both interesting and unresolved. Is a person's approach to life similar in both the dream and the waking state? If someone was experiencing conflict in his life, might we expect to find conflictual situations in his dreams? And if, on the contrary, a person's waking expectations and experiences were harmonious, might we expect him to manifest conflict-free dreams?

Author(s): 
Harris, M. E.
Ray, W. J.
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

Shyness and Love scales were administered to investigate the relation between shyness and love for 153 men and 217 women on a college campus. Three groups, Love, Dating, and Friendship, were identified on the Love scale, which was composed of 5 subscales, Respect, Congeniality, Altruism, Physical Attraction, and Attachment. For the Love and Friendship groups shyness appears to be a barrier to congeniality and physical attraction, which are aspects of love, as well as to love itself. Shyness did not appear to inhibit the Dating group.

Author(s): 
Maroldo, G. K.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

Volunteer college students completed a categorisation task designed to test the hypothesis that adults organise their expectations of relationships in a manner that reflects a functional distinction between attachment and affiliation. Terms associated with the provision of security and with characteristics theoretically identified as definitive of attachment relationships were significantly more likely to be associated with the relationship identified as 'lover'.

Author(s): 
Sheldon, A. E.
West, M.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

Erotomanic delusions occurred in a depressed mentally handicapped woman. Although erotomania is generally classified with paranoid disorders, in people with mental handicap, depression may be the more commonly associated illness.

Author(s): 
Ghaziuddin, M.
Tsai, L.
Publication Title: 
Child Development

Drawing on data from a normative sample of 205 children tracked into adulthood, this study examined the predictive links from 3 salient (friendship, academic, conduct) and 2 emerging (work, romantic) developmental tasks during the transition years around age 20 to adult adaptation 10 years later.

Author(s): 
Roisman, Glenn I.
Masten, Ann S.
Coatsworth, J. Douglas
Tellegen, Auke
Publication Title: 
Child Development

This study examined associations among family type (same-sex vs. opposite-sex parents); family and relationship variables; and the psychosocial adjustment, school outcomes, and romantic attractions and behaviors of adolescents. Participants included 44 12- to 18-year-old adolescents parented by same-sex couples and 44 same-aged adolescents parented by opposite-sex couples, matched on demographic characteristics and drawn from a national sample.

Author(s): 
Wainright, Jennifer L.
Russell, Stephen T.
Patterson, Charlotte J.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and clinical correlates of sexual dysfunction in a sample of adult male outpatients with schizophrenia treated with olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, or haloperidol, focusing on associations between sexual dysfunction and patient-perceived quality of life. METHOD: Sexual dysfunction was assessed in 139 outpatients with DSM-IV schizophrenia who were receiving olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, or haloperidol, but no other medications associated with sexual side effects.

Author(s): 
Olfson, Mark
Uttaro, Thomas
Carson, William H.
Tafesse, Eskinder
Publication Title: 
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

This study examined the differential developmental significance of multiple domains of peer reputation in childhood for current and future competence and symptoms. Participants were 205 children from a normative school cohort who completed assessments in grades 3-6 and then again 10 years later. Through re-analysis of original data from the Revised Class Play (RCP; N=612), new narrow-band subscales were examined as distinct correlates and predictors of competence in age-relevant developmental tasks and psychological well being as indexed by internalizing symptoms.

Author(s): 
Gest, Scott D.
Sesma, Arturo
Masten, Ann S.
Tellegen, Auke

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