Social Behavior Disorders

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Outwardly-directed aggressive behaviour is a significant part of problem behaviours presented by people with intellectual disabilities. Prevalence rates of up to 50% have been reported in the literature, depending on the population sampled. Such behaviours often run a long-term course and are a major cause of social exclusion. This is an update of a previously published systematic review (see Hassiotis 2004; Hassiotis 2008).

Author(s): 
Ali, Afia
Hall, Ian
Blickwedel, Jessica
Hassiotis, Angela
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: This research investigates personality variables--aggression and disorders of conduct, depression, and separation anxiety--mediating suicidal behavior in psychiatrically hospitalized urban minority adolescents. METHOD: Four matched groups of 26 subjects (N = 104) participated: suicidal adolescents with, and suicidal adolescents without, a conduct disorder diagnosis, nonsuicidal adolescents with a conduct disorder diagnosis, and a nonpsychiatric control group.

Author(s): 
Feldman, M.
Wilson, A.
Publication Title: 
Biological Research

Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder that results in a significant disability for the patient. The disorder is characterized by impairment of the adaptive orchestration of actions, a cognitive function that is mainly dependent on the prefrontal cortex. This behavioral deficit, together with cellular and neurophysiological alterations in the prefrontal cortex, as well as reduced density of GABAergic cells and aberrant oscillatory activity, all indicate structural and functional deficits of the prefrontal cortex in schizophrenia.

Author(s): 
NegrÛn-Oyarzo, Ignacio
Lara-V·squez, Ariel
Palacios-GarcÌa, Ismael
Fuentealba, Pablo
Aboitiz, Francisco
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin

The term stalking describes a pattern of behavior in which the victim is pursued, pestered and threatened. In many cases, the stalker resorts to physical violence, and may even commit murder. In the German-speaking areas, the phenomenon is to date not much discussed in the psychiatric and psychological literature, despite the fact that it is a widespread occurrence. While stalkers are diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia and/or narcissistic as well as borderline disorders, victims have no typical "victim personality".

Author(s): 
Schneider, C.
Tress, W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

We examine the nature and predictors of social and romantic functioning in adolescents and adults with ASD. Parental reports were obtained for 25 ASD adolescents and adults (13-36 years), and 38 typical adolescents and adults (13-30 years). The ASD group relied less upon peers and friends for social (OR = 52.16, p < .01) and romantic learning (OR = 38.25, p < .01).

Author(s): 
Stokes, Mark
Newton, Naomi
Kaur, Archana
Publication Title: 
Diseases of the Nervous System
Author(s): 
Newkirk, P. R.
Publication Title: 
Minerva Medica
Author(s): 
Gulotta, G.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Coe, W. C.
Kobayashi, K.
Howard, M. L.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Conn, J. H.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Kline, M. V.

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