Socioeconomic Factors

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Hundreds of validated evidence-based intervention programs (EBIP) aim to improve families' well-being; however, most are not broadly adopted. As an alternative diffusion strategy, we created wellness centers to reach families' everyday lives with a prevention framework. At two wellness centers, one in a middle-class neighborhood and one in a low-income neighborhood, popular local activity leaders (instructors of martial arts, yoga, sports, music, dancing, Zumba), and motivated parents were trained to be Family Mentors.

Author(s): 
Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane
Swendeman, Dallas
Becker, Kimberly D.
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: Malaria is a leading health threat for low to middle-income countries and around 1.8 billion people in the Southeast Asian region and 870 million people in the Western Pacific region remain at risk of contracting malaria. Traditional medicine/traditional healer (TM/TH) use is prominent amongst populations in low- to middle-income countries and constitutes an important issue influencing and potentially challenging effective, safe and coordinated prevention and treatment strategies around malaria.

Author(s): 
Suswardany, Dwi L.
Sibbritt, David W.
Supardi, Sudibyo
Chang, Sungwon
Adams, Jon
Publication Title: 
Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Medication adherence is a crucial part in the management of chronic diseases. As older adults form a greater proportion of the population with chronic diseases and multiple morbidities, understanding medication adherence in older adults becomes important. In the present article, we aimed to systematically review the literature for the factors associated with medication adherence in the geriatric population. We carried out a literature search using electronic databases and related keywords. 17?391 articles were reviewed in total. 65 articles were found to be relevant to our objective.

Author(s): 
Yap, Angela Frances
Thirumoorthy, Thiru
Kwan, Yu Heng
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Pediatrics

Utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among children/adolescents is popular. This review summarizes the international findings for prevalence and predictors of CAM use among children/adolescents. We therefore systematically searched four electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, AMED; last update in 07/2013) and reference lists of existing reviews and all included studies. Publications without language restriction reporting patterns of CAM utilization among children/adolescents without chronic conditions were selected for inclusion.

Author(s): 
Italia, Salvatore
Wolfenstetter, Silke Britta
Teuner, Christina Maria
Publication Title: 
Disability and Rehabilitation

PURPOSE: To describe pharmacological and non-pharmacological pain treatments used for chronic spinal cord injury pain (CSCIP) and current treatment effectiveness in a large Dutch population with a spinal cord injury (SCI). METHOD: Postal survey among 575 persons with SCI. The main outcome measures were the pain intensity score of the Chronic Pain Grade questionnaire, past and current pain treatments, and perceived effectiveness of current pain treatments. RESULTS: Response rate was 49% (279 persons) and 215 respondents (77.1%) had CSCIP.

Author(s): 
Heutink, Matagne
Post, Marcel W. M.
Wollaars, Marieke M.
van Asbeck, Floris W. A.
Publication Title: 
PM & R: the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by U.S. adults reporting neuropsychiatric symptoms and whether this prevalence changes based on the number of symptoms reported. Additional objectives include identifying patterns of CAM use, reasons for use, and disclosure of use with conventional providers in U.S. adults with neuropsychiatric symptoms. DESIGN: Secondary database analysis of a prospective survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 23,393 U.S. adults from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey.

Author(s): 
Purohit, Maulik P.
Wells, Rebecca Erwin
Zafonte, Ross D.
Davis, Roger B.
Phillips, Russell S.
Publication Title: 
NestlÈ Nutrition Workshop Series. Paediatric Programme

The focus here is on research involving long-term calorie restriction (CR) to prevent or delay the incidence of the metabolic syndrome with age. The current societal environment is marked by overabundant accessibility of food coupled with a strong trend to reduced physical activity, both leading to the development of a constellation of disorders including central obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension (metabolic syndrome). Prolonged CR has been shown to extend median and maximal lifespan in a variety of lower species (yeast, worms, fish, rats, and mice).

Author(s): 
Ravussin, Eric
Redman, Leanne M.
Publication Title: 
Recenti Progressi in Medicina

The 20th century will be remembered for its technological and scientific discoveries and for the exceptional changes in the demographic structure brought about by these and the improved economic and social conditions; in fact, the reduction in the birth rate and a fall in the death rate have caused an increase in the population of the elderly.

Author(s): 
Cicconetti, Paolo
Riolo, Noemi
Ettorre, Evaristo
Costarella, Marianna
Priami, Carolina
Marigliano, Vincenzo
Publication Title: 
Journal of Biosocial Science

Official figures show that life expectancy in Costa Rica is longer than in the United States (US), in spite of the fact that per capita health expenditure is only one-tenth that of the US. To check whether this is for real and to explore some of its determinants, 900 Costa Ricans aged 60+ were followed from 1984 to 2001. Follow-up household visits were made, deaths were tracked in the national death registry, and survival status in the voting registry was double-checked. In addition, the survivors were contacted in 2002. Two-thirds of the panel had died by December 2001.

Author(s): 
Rosero-Bixby, Luis
Dow, William H.
LaclÈ, Adriana
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

This consensus statement summarizes key contemporary research themes relevant to understanding the psychology and socioculture of sport injury. Special consideration is given toward high-intensity sport in which elite athlete training and performance efforts are characterized by explosive physical speed and strength, mental fortitude to push physical limits, and maximum effort and commitment to highly challenging goals associated with achieving exceptional performance.

Author(s): 
Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M.

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