Solutions

Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Homeopathic medicines are currently used in medical practice, despite controversy about their effectiveness. The preparation method is based on extremely high dilutions of many substances in water, far beyond any detectable level. For this reason, it has been suggested that water could retain a 'memory' of substances that have been dissolved in it before the successive dilutions. The paper stresses the fact that this idea is not compatible with our knowledge of pure water.

Author(s): 
Teixeira, Jose
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

The 'memory of water' is a concept by which the properties of an aqueous preparation are held to depend on the previous history of the sample. Although associated with the mechanism of homeopathy, this association may mislead. There is strong evidence concerning many ways in which the mechanism of this 'memory' may come about. There are also mechanisms by which such solutions may possess effects on biological systems which substantially differ from plain water. This paper examines the evidence.

Author(s): 
Chaplin, Martin F.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Experimental research on the effects of homeopathic treatments on impaired plants was last reviewed in 1990. OBJECTIVES: To compile a systematic review of the existing literature on basic research in homeopathy with abiotically stressed plants using predefined criteria. METHODS: The literature search was carried out on publications that reported experiments on homeopathy using abiotically stressed whole plants, seeds, plant parts and cells from 1920 to 2010. Outcomes had to be measured by established procedures and statistically evaluated.

Author(s): 
Jäger, Tim
Scherr, Claudia
Shah, Devika
Majewsky, Vera
Betti, Lucietta
Trebbi, Grazia
Bonamin, Leoni
Simões-Wüst, Ana Paula
Wolf, Ursula
Simon, Meinhard
Heusser, Peter
Baumgartner, Stephan
Publication Title: 
Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy

Biologically inspired experimental process in synthesising nanoparticles is of great interest in present scenario. Biosynthesis of nanoparticles is considered to be one of the best green techniques in synthesising metal nanoparticles. Here, an in situ green biogenic synthesis of gold nanoparticles using aqueous extracts of Terminalia chebula as reducing and stabilizing agent is reported. Gold nanoparticles were confirmed by surface plasmon resonance in the range of 535 nm using UV-visible spectrometry.

Author(s): 
Kumar, Kesarla Mohan
Mandal, Badal Kumar
Sinha, Madhulika
Krishnakumar, Varadhan
Publication Title: 
Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene with endoperoxide bond, possesses potent antimalarial activity against the ring and late stage of chloroqine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria both in vitro and in vivo. The mode of antimalarial activity of artemisinin is iron-dependent. The aim of this study was to investigate the reactions of artemisinin with ferrous and ferric ions in aqueous buffer. Artemisinin generated a cycle of iron oxidation and reduction.

Author(s): 
Sibmooh, N.
Udomsangpetch, R.
Kujoa, A.
Chantharaksri, U.
Mankhetkorn, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis

The purpose of this study was to simultaneously improve the solubility and stability of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) in aqueous solutions by a ternary cyclodextrin system comprised of DHA, hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin (HP-?-CD) and a third auxiliary substance. Solubility and phase solubility studies were carried out to evaluate the solubilizing efficiency of HP-?-CD in association with various auxiliary substances.

Author(s): 
Wang, Dan
Li, Haiyan
Gu, Jingkai
Guo, Tao
Yang, Shuo
Guo, Zhen
Zhang, Xueju
Zhu, Weifeng
Zhang, Jiwen
Publication Title: 
Journal of AOAC International

Ocimum sanctum (family Lamiaceae) is a reputed drug of Ayurveda, commonly known as Tulasi. In the present work, we quantified 4 marker compounds, viz., eugenol, luteolin, ursolic acid, and oleanolic acid, from the leaf of green and black varieties of O. sanctum using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with densitometry.

Author(s): 
Anandjiwala, Sheetal
Kalola, Jyoti
Rajani, Mandapati
Publication Title: 
Journal of AOAC International

A sensitive, simple, rapid, and efficient high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method has been developed and validated for the analysis of berberine in marketed Ayurvedic formulations containing Berberis aristata DC for regulatory purposes. Chromatography of methanolic extracts of these formulations was performed on silica gel 60 F254 aluminum-backed TLC plates of 0.2 mm layer thickness. The plate was developed up to 66 mm with the ternary-mobile phase butanol-acetic acid-water (8 + 1 + 1, v/v/v) at 33 +/- 5 degrees C with 5 min of tank saturation.

Author(s): 
Rout, Kedar Kumar
Pradhan, Subhalaxmi
Mishra, Sagar Kumar
Publication Title: 
Journal of AOAC International

The present study aimed to standardize the Ayurvedic preparation Haridra Khanda containing Curcuma longa as a major ingredient. Various physicochemical parameters such as alcohol-soluble extractive, water-soluble extractive, total ash, and acid-insoluble ash were determined according to the Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India. Microscopic evaluation of the formulation revealed the presence of various diagnostic cell structures of C. longa. Trace metal analysis indicated the absence of toxic metals such as As, Cd, Hg, and Pb.

Author(s): 
Rout, Kedar Kumar
Parida, Sagarika
Mishra, Sagar Kumar
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, I Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury

Shirsal concentrate, mineral water salt from Shira lake, of sulfate chloride magnesium and sodium composition is suggested for therapy of women suffering from chronic inflammations of pelvic organs. Eighty-three women were administered Shirsal solution electrophoresis combined with endovaginal vibration massage or microenemas of 0.5% solution of the same agent. The treatment had an evident anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and resolving effect.

Author(s): 
Dikke, G. B.
Ruzaeva, Iu F.

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